The content of the article:
The house plant of sansevieria, better known as "mother-tongue tongue" is rather unpretentious in care and rarely becomes ill. Nevertheless, even this unpretentious plant can be affected by a pest or infection. This article describes what diseases and pests of sansevieria are the most dangerous and why they arise. Knowing this, you can prevent the disease and the death of the plant.
Than the diseases and wreckers of sansevierium are dangerous
Toshchin language is a plant whose home is arid and desert places in the African regions. Pests attack Sanseseweria rarely, and illness often occurs against the background of improper care.
The birthplace of this flower is arid, desert, sunny and warm places. Knowing this can avoid the most common problems that arise when caring for a given flower.
This indoor flower is most often affected by infectious diseases. They are:
- soft rot;
- root rot;
- leaf rot.
Below in the table are the symptoms of the diseases and the causes of their occurrence.
|1||Soft rot||The root part of the leaves becomes soft, looks affected. The plant can exhale the smell of rotten fish.||During the purchase, the flower could already be infected. The reason why sansevieria becomes soft leaves can also be that the flower was planted not by sterilized soil. If sansevieriya reproduced in the vegetative way, the disease could arise because of high humidity in the room.|
|2||Root rot||Young shoots rot. On the leaves there are spots of brown, red or dark color. The leaves of sanseweri are twisted, they take on an irregular shape.||If water was applied to leaves during watering, this could serve as a catalyst for the development of this disease. The disease itself could be in poor quality or non-sterile soil.|
|3||Sheet rot||The presence on the leaves of round spots, which are covered with spores. Over time, these spots darken or become brown.||The presence of infection in poor quality soil, too frequent and abundant watering.|
Sansevieria can be affected by such pests:
- spider mite;
More information on how to recognize the presence of disease in sansevieria caused by pest damage is described in the table below.
|1||Spider mite||Defeat by a spider mite is the reason why the leaves of sansevierium turn yellow. On the yellowed leaves, whitish spots may appear, over time the leaves die.||Leaves must be wiped with a damp sponge or a cloth soaked in citrus peel infusions. If the plant is completely affected, it is necessary to spray with phytophythm.|
|2||Thrips||Basically, the lower side of the leaf is affected. Colonies are deposited on it. On the upper side of the sheet, light spots can be seen. Recognize the disease can be on the characteristic color of the upper side of the leaf - it becomes a grayish-brown hue and has a silvery sheen.||For treatment, insecticides are used. If the sansevieria falls apart leaves, spraying should be regular and frequent. It is produced until the plant is completely cured.|
|3||Mealybug||This chervets settles at the base of the leaf outlet. It feeds on the juice of the leaves, so the leaves fall down in the sanseveria. There may also be a change in their shape and color.||If possible, pests must be collected and destroyed. Leaves should be washed with a damp sponge. If the lesion is strong, and all the leaves of the plant are affected, they can be treated with carbophos.|
Problems of the environment of growth
The main reasons why Sansevieria does not grow at home is the wrong conditions of detention. To such conditions it is possible to carry:
- waterlogging of the soil;
- low temperature in the room;
- high humidity.
What is fraught with the wrong conditions of the content of this flower is described in the table below.
|No.||Content Condition||The resulting damage||Corrective Action|
|1||Too humid soil||The leaves become important, they rot in the base. Appears yellowness. Over time, the leaf dies.||Affected leaves are removed. If the roots began to rot, the plant is transplanted. The flower is watered less often.|
|2||Low air temperature||This factor is the reason why Sansevieria has flaccid leaves. This is also due to excessively dry soil.||The flower needs to be rearranged to a warmer room. Damaged leaves are removed. If there are too many, plants need to be transplanted.|
|3||High humidity in the room||Brown leaves begin to appear on the leaves. Over time, the whole plant is affected.||The plant needs to be rearranged to a drier and lighter room. It is desirable to hit the sun's rays on the leaves.|
Before beginning cultivation of the mother-tongue, study the natural habitat of this plant and try to provide it with the same conditions in the room.
As can be seen from the information described in this article, most of the problems that arise with a mother-in-law language in the process of its cultivation and breeding depend on the habitat, the soil in which the flower is planted and the correctness of planting the plant in soil. If you decide to purchase this plant, pay attention to the soil in which it is planted and the health of the leaves. Never buy a flower that looks sluggish, sick, with soft, twisted, yellow or strangely shiny leaves.Pay attention to the root zone of the leaves - it should be whole, healthy, solid, it should not contain larvae. Under the right conditions for keeping mother-in-law, the tongue blossoms for many years, and it is rarely necessary to transplant it - once in 2-3 years. With regular inspection of the leaves for the purpose of early recognition of the disease, treatment will rarely be necessary.