DIY kitchen repair: step-by-step instructions, types of design

Average time to read It takes ~ 3 minutes to read

Sooner or later, any person comes to the conclusion that repair of the kitchen is necessary. In order to remain satisfied with the quality of the work done, you need to carefully think through everything before you begin to act. For example, you can get acquainted with a photo of kitchen repairs with your own hands on the network, ask experienced relatives, seek help from specialists or read this article.

The most important points in the repair can highlight the choice of material, costs, the possibility of independent work. And, of course, the main plus of self-repair is its budget.

Freshly renovated kitchen

Where to begin?

The arrangement of the kitchen space is not an easy task. Probably, when the thought arises about the reorganization of the premises, a lot of questions pour in. For example, how to make repairs in the kitchen, how to make repairs in the kitchen, etc. No need to head over heels to buy building materials and demolish walls. You need to start with a detailed plan. In the next paragraph we will talk about this in more detail.

Procedure for overhaul

Draw up a consistent plan. It can be taken as the basis for budget repairs of the kitchen with your own hands. To achieve the main goal, you will have to perform several small ones. Here is a possible procedure:

  1. We free the room to the maximum. The more furniture you take out, the easier it is to take measurements.
  2. We evaluate the condition of walls, communications, windows, doors, floors and ceilings.
  3. We make accurate measurements.
  4. The next step is to plan where large household appliances will be located.
  5. The primary choice of furniture for the kitchen: size, functionality, installation location.
  6. Thorough cleaning of the room, cleaning all surfaces from dust dirt, mold treatment (if necessary).
  7. Repair the base floor surface (renew).
  8. Similar to the previous paragraph, only now you need to repair the ceiling.
  9. Repair old or install new communications.
  10. Ventilation check.
  11. Replacement or restoration of windows, doors.
  12. Decorating the premises from top to bottom: from the ceiling to the floor and installation of the plinth.
  13. Installation of equipment, installation of a headset, lighting devices.
  14. Connecting all systems and checking their performance.

We examined where to start repairing a kitchen with our own hands and its sequence. Now we will analyze each item in more detail.

Floor replacement

Old flooring must be replaced. They do the dismantling of the floor, take out the construction waste and carefully inspect the surface. Often you have to beat off an ancient screed to get to good floor slabs. The dismantled floor does not differ in a flat surface, so you must immediately deal with its screed. After this manipulation, further work with the floor can be carried out in about a week if regular concrete was used, or earlier if special mixtures were used.

Communications Replacement

Water pipes are laid to the installation site of the sink. Now they are usually built into walls, leaving only water sockets and pipes outside. Mounted highways are installed in the cavities (gates) made in the wall. A sewer pipe is also provided for the kitchen sink. It is important to observe a special bias so that the water flows into the riser.

Gas pipes must never be hidden in the wall. The maximum that can be done is to cover with some decorative element (for example, a movable apron). The main thing is that the controllers can have access to any part of the pipe.

Much attention should be paid to laying electrical communications. The aluminum wiring of the old Khrushchevs is unlikely to cope with a large number of household appliances, which are equipped with a modern kitchen. Therefore, we change it to good quality copper wires. In addition, several lines must be wired, since each device must have its own connection point, depending on its power.

Communications Replacement

Alignment of walls and ceilings

First we align the ceiling. They begin to repair it immediately after repairing the floor. It is cleaned, removing all bumps on the surface. Very often during work you have to deal with cracks, joints between floor slabs, cracks in the corner of the ceiling and wall. All these shortcomings must be repaired with a spatula. Material for this: cement, primer, latex elastic putty, compacted foamed polyethylene rollers, plaster.

Replacing doors and decorating doorways

Before starting the finishing work, you should either finish the doorway or install the door. Consider the first option. First off, it's inexpensive. Secondly, it’s convenient. Slopes can be decorated with various means: plastic, panels made of MDF or natural wood, plaster. Be sure to first level the surface before decorating with drywall.

Now let's talk about the door. Oddly enough, the choice here is quite large: hinged doors, coupes, accordions, two-fold, folding, swinging. Choose the type of door follows the features of the layout and personal preferences. If you are not sure about the ability to install the door, contact the manufacturer.


The stages of cosmetic repairs are similar to the last steps of the classic overhaul. In the same way, all work is done “from top to bottom”, that is, the ceiling is first finished, then the walls are plastered and then the floor covering is installed. At the end, the walls are decorated with wallpaper and furniture, decor items are installed.

If, after removing the old finish, large surface defects are found, then they are corrected with a cement-sand mixture. Further alignment is done with gypsum plaster.

After leveling the walls, before finishing, cover them with a special primer. It will play the role of adhesion to the material and eliminate the mycotic component, thereby preventing the development of mold.

The choice of materials for decoration

The kitchen is characterized by increased humidity and temperature changes. For this reason, the materials must be selected moisture and heat resistant. Room hygiene is equally important - it is desirable that all work surfaces are easy to wash. It is best to tile them with plastic or plastic panels. Then the kitchen apron can be glued with wallpaper, provided that it is protected by glass.

Wallpaper for the kitchen should be washed well. Fit:

  • acrylic;
  • vinyl;
  • cullets;
  • silkscreen.

Do you like to experiment with the interior? We advise you to stay on wallpaper for painting. The paint is acrylic.

For flooring, a good option is a wear-resistant laminate, linoleum, rough tile. The color of the floor should never merge with the furniture. You can select 3D coverage. The main thing is that the picture was not too bright, otherwise it will get bored with time.


We draw up an approximate lighting plan before the start of repair, so as not to make a mistake in the number of outlets.

As an option, 2-3 ceiling lights and spotlights in each functional area (for cooking, dining). You should not choose one lamp, because performing some action in different parts of the kitchen, you can stand with your back to it. On the ceiling you can hang such lights:

  • halogen;
  • outboard;
  • waybills;
  • LED (have a small power consumption, deliver light in only one direction, so they are used as a point).

It is even better to put lights with a rheostat, so that you can adjust the degree of illumination. For the main lamp on the ceiling, make a few switches. During family meals, the light can be minimized so that the atmosphere is more comfortable.

Furniture and equipment selection

Come up with several variations of the arrangement of furniture. It does not have to be furniture in one line. At the moment, kitchen sets P- (along 2 walls) or L-shaped (along 3 walls) are more in demand.

To make the kitchen design as harmonious as possible, use the built-in appliances. In addition, it looks more aesthetically pleasing, because dirt does not accumulate between the furniture.

The size of the countertops should be at least 50 cm. Even if you don’t really like to cook, this is a necessary minimum. The tabletop material is strong, durable (special plastic, stone). If you have small children - the absence of sharp corners will greatly facilitate life.

Hanging cabinets are hung to a height depending on the height of the person:

  • ~ 175cm - for people of average height;
  • ~ 190cm - for tall people.

Facades with a glossy surface look very impressive. If you are not confused by fingerprints that quickly appear during use, then feel free to choose this type of facade. If the prospect of daily wiping of the cabinets does not please you, it is better to choose materials such as stone, tile or a plastic panel.

Drawers in the kitchen are more convenient, because in them you can find the dishes you need much faster. It is worth noting that they are very attractive when they are empty in the store. But filling them with things, it’s not very convenient to put forward.

The arrangement of kitchen appliances

It is necessary to think over the arrangement of all household kitchen appliances (even small ones) to the smallest detail. A microwave, kettle, toaster, bread machine, coffee maker, and other commonly used household appliances should not be placed too high. The technique for regular use needs to find a place at eye level or slightly lower. Rarely used electrical appliances can be removed to the lower shelves. Do-it-yourself budget repair of the kitchen involves the purchase of the most necessary devices and abstinence from additional ones.

The placement of the refrigerator is especially important. It should not be near heating objects: batteries for heating, stove, oven, because it can fail in a very short time. The optimal distance is from 15 cm. Their same beliefs do not install a refrigerator in direct sunlight.

The subtleties of repairing a small kitchen

How to make repairs in the kitchen with your own hands while not spending almost the entire family budget? You can probably save on materials or household appliances. But this is not necessary if you are the owner of a small kitchen area. At the repair stages this will not affect in any way, everything is done using the same technology. There are restrictions on the design. To be more precise, it is not allowed to use decor elements and color schemes that will physically or visually narrow the room. These include laying walls and ceilings with drywall. In this case, there is a real decrease in the room by several centimeters.

Visually expand the space stretch ceilings due to mirror reflection of surrounding objects. A good addition to suspended ceilings are spotlights.

To save on materials, use the interior zoning method. Folding furniture and an abundance of vertical cabinets on the walls will help save space. For visual expansion, light the room as intensely as possible, and design the interior in light pastel colors.

Now you know how to make inexpensive repairs in the kitchen, photos and videos on this topic can be found on our website. Self-confidence and careful process planning will become the basis for creating the kitchen of your dreams.

Video: repair options for a small kitchen

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