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When growing currants in Siberia, it is necessary to take into account the fact that in winter there is very cold, and snow cover, in depending on a specific region, can be either relatively high or not good enough to cover cultures from freezing. For this reason, the most hardy and hardy varieties of blackcurrant are most suitable for growing and caring in Siberia.
Best grades for Siberia
Of the great variety of black currant species, the most adapted to the Siberian climate are varieties of Russian selection. They have high winter hardiness and yield, and are resistant to diseases. Among them is the currant:
- Hercules. High bush, large berries (pre, g), collected in large brushes. It grows well on any soil.
- Brown Far East. Variety with average indicators of harvest time, bush height and yield. The berries weigh no more than, g, but are delicious and produce a fragrant scent.
- Minusinka. One of the newest frost resistant varieties. The bush is high, medium-sized berries ripen in the second half of summer.
- Friendly. Medium-ripening variety with very high yield. Berries are rather small (no more, d), but there are a lot of them - from one adult bush it is possible to collect up to 8 kg of currant.
Planting black currant in Siberia is best in autumn, from the end of September, but not later than mid-October. At this time, the growth processes are activated only in the underground part of the plant, that is, in the roots. So saplings will have time to take root before the arrival of strong frosts, and in the spring they will start moving together.
How to care for the currant in Siberia?
For the cultivation of currant must choose an even terrain, because in the lowlands bushes freeze from spring frosts. Also it is necessary to avoid sites with close groundwater and places where the wind is walking.
Young seedlings for winter should be sheltered, and the wintering of adult bushes depends on specific climatic conditions. Of course, where winters are not very snowy, they can not do without shelter.
To obtain high yields, bushes need abundant watering, most importantly, do it at the end flowering, during the ripening of berries and after harvest, when there is a ripening of shoots and the laying of new ones kidney.
With regard to fertilizers, then, with the introduction of organic materials into the planting pit, the next fertilizing with humus or compost is required only for the third year of cultivation. Mineral fertilizers should be introduced annually in spring and autumn.
Since the main crop of currant is laid on young wood not older than two years, the bushes should be cut annually, removing excess young growth so that the currant is not too thick. Also shoots older than three years are removed, and instead of them young branches of substitution are left. An adult bush should have no more than 20 branches up to 5 years old. The older shoots no longer bear fruit and will only take away strength from the bush.