The desire to make your life as comfortable as possible played a cruel joke on humanity: the world over the past century has simply “drowned” in various household appliances. People are faced with the fact that the disposal of refrigerators, stoves and dishwashers are not thought out properly.
What to do when the old model failed and ceased to perform its functions? There are several solutions to the problem.
The content of the article:
- The relevance of recycling household appliances
Ways to attach a working refrigerator
- №1 - arrange a move to the country
- №2 - sell by ad
- №3 - give in good hands
What to do with a broken refrigerator?
- Option # 1 - take out the equipment in the trash
- Option # 2 - arrange for removal to landfill
- Option # 3 - give the unit a "second" life
- Option # 4 - to scrap / for parts
- Option # 5 - profitable to exchange for a coupon
- Features of professional disposal
- Solving the problem abroad
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
The relevance of recycling household appliances
In matters related to the disposal of old equipment, the inhabitants of Russia lag behind the Europeans, Americans and Japanese. Relatively recently, official documents appeared that regulate the sale, storage and processing of old household appliances and appliances.
For example, in "Law on Environmental Protection"№7-FZ RF It is said who and how should be responsible for the delivery and processing of broken machinery.
Some items are devoted to the responsibility of citizens and self-government bodies that do not comply with the requirements for civilized disposal of failed equipment and electronics.
By the way, the latest edition was released in January 2002 and has not changed since then.
The insufficient number of explanatory documents and the undeveloped state policy in the field of environmental protection led to the fact that there were real difficulties with the "attachment" of household appliances
One of the reasons causing difficulties with the removal and removal of equipment relates to the large size and heavy weight of household appliances. In addition, the volumetric technique takes a lot of space, so just throwing it in a landfill is prohibited.
Refrigerators are also distinguished by the fact that they contain refrigerant. Freon, which provides a low temperature inside the device, is harmful to humans and the atmosphere.
However, poisoning can be obtained only with a large and sudden release of gas. In practice, it dissolves quickly in air and disappears.
But phosgene, which is recognized as a toxic substance, is really dangerous. It is formed at a temperature of +400 ° C, therefore, it can occur only in case of violation of production technologies or safety measures at an industrial enterprise.
Once in the atmosphere, the gas destroys the ozone layer.
Phosgene was isolated only from freon R-22, which was already banned for production. Today, companies producing and charging refrigerators use R-600a, R-134a, R407c, R410a and other series that are considered safe for the health of users.
Nevertheless, there is a specific procedure for pumping gas, prior to the further utilization of equipment. It should be dealt with by qualified services having a state license. Release of refrigerant into the atmosphere is prohibited..
Ways to attach a working refrigerator
Advertising placed on billboards and in the media, constantly flashing in the TV screen savers, will do their job on “Excellent” - thousands of home appliances users buy new models without waiting for the failure old ones. What to do with an outdated, but properly functioning refrigerator?
№1 - arrange a move to the country
The easiest way to upgrade your kitchen appliances is to take out old devices to the country or to the village, and instead buy new, more functional and economical appliances.
Then the working refrigerator will not have to be disposed of in the literal sense of the word, it will simply replace the “place of residence”.
Old appliances in a country setting looks more profitable. Rare models easily become a part, and sometimes the center, of an interior in vintage style.
For transportation of a large and heavy refrigerator, two pairs of hands and remarkable strength are required.
If there are no adult men in the house, and the neighbors also cannot boast of good health, then you will have to hire movers along with the truck for transportation. In cities, there are no transportation problems: dozens or even hundreds of companies offer their services.
The brigade is called in the following order:
- monitoring newspapers with ads and sites offering transportation of furniture and large-sized equipment;
- selection of a company with good recommendations and reasonable prices;
- call to the company, clarification of the terms of the transaction, the appointment of the exact time of transportation;
- the conclusion of the contract.
At the appointed time, the brigade arrives and takes the equipment to the specified address. You can use the opportunity and with the old refrigerator to transport to the cottage old things or seedlings.
№2 - sell by ad
If a house in the village or a dacha is not there, then you can “attach” serviceable equipment with commercial profit — in other words, sell it.
It’s not customary to put leaflets with handwritten texts on pillars for a long time, therefore we recommend using modern methods: placing ads in newspapers, on websites and TV.
If you attach a high-quality photograph of the refrigerator to the text, then the chances of a quick implementation will increase. Potential buyers, seeing the product face, rather react to the announcement
The speed of sale depends on the assigned cost. Used equipment can not be expensive, so try to immediately determine the appropriate price.
To do this, you can look through other people's ads and display the average number. The smaller it is, the sooner you make a sale.
Try to interest the buyer, that is, to make a useful and interesting announcement. Of course, the photograph will attract the future owner of the refrigerator in the first place, however, a creative text can be a great help.
List the advantages of the model and be sure to specify the reason for the sale - the purchase of new equipment. The buyer should know that the reason for the sale was not the poor quality of the equipment, but the replacement
If there is no desire or time to mess with your ad, read others. Perhaps someone just needed an inexpensive used refrigerator to a country house or a rented apartment.
If the proceeds do not matter, call the purchase of old equipment. You will be offered symbolic money - 500-1000 rubles, but you will not have to look for loaders, as energetic workers will take it all out and take it out on their own.
№3 - give in good hands
Secured owners can afford to give a fridge to friends or just strangers.
Often neighbors or strangers find themselves in circumstances in which the purchase of new equipment is impossible due to temporary material problems. People who have unexpectedly lost their jobs, or students who rent an apartment next door, will be happy to receive such a gift.
The old model can be restored, and it will take a worthy place in the interior of the kitchen. The rare ZIL that has seen the views looks little different from the elite retro SMEG models.
Gratitude for a generous gift can be self-transportation of the unit by new owners of equipment. They will take care of the timely removal of the refrigerator from the kitchen, and the place for installation will be free for the delivery of new equipment.
What to do with a broken refrigerator?
Unfortunately, more often it is necessary to change kitchen equipment not because of fashion trends, but because of a fatal failure that cannot be repaired.
If the case is cracked or the compressor has already broken several times, you should think about a new purchase. There are several opportunities to dispose of old equipment, but not all of them are legal and safe.
Option # 1 - take out the equipment in the trash
The unenlightened owners act in the usual way - at nightfall they take an old refrigerator to the trash.
At best, more enterprising citizens will immediately pick it up; at worst, it will stay there until the arrival of a special truck serving the area.
According to the rules of local area maintenance, it is prohibited to put large-sized equipment, especially refrigerators with freon, into the courtyard. Usually this provision is contained in the statute adopted by tenants and agreed with the management company.
For construction debris, old furniture and bulk household equipment are large containers that are installed in some, but not all courtyards
However, there is a small nuance - the content of freon turns the refrigerator from the usual "garbage" into dangerous. If you follow the law, then before sending the unit to a container, freon must be pumped out, and it costs money.
The owners who simply threw the device on the street face a fine of between 1,000 and 2,500 rubles, so it is better to spend this amount on a specialist call, which, by the way, is also not always possible.
Bunkers containers are available only to residents of cities, or at least cities of regional significance.
For example, in Moscow this issue is resolved, and containers with a volume of 8.27 m³ are set up especially for large-sized equipment. In small towns and villages, organized removal of household equipment is a rarity.
Option # 2 - arrange for removal to landfill
What to do if you can’t take out the refrigerator to the courtyard, and transportation to the dump completely falls on the shoulders of the former owner? We'll have to look for a private company engaged in the collection and export of old household appliances, and pay for services on the price.
You should know that not all companies are engaged in overall units, in particular, refrigerators. Many refuse to take them precisely because of the content of freon
During the call of employees, be sure to check if the organization has a license to transport or recycle refrigerators.
They may refuse for another reason. Small companies are not profitable to cooperate with citizens, so they serve only legal entities. If you are lucky, the unit will be taken, loaded into a car and taken to the nearest landfill for approximately 2300-2500 rubles.
In small towns there is another difficulty - there are simply no firms involved in the export of equipment. It is also problematic to dispose of other wastes that are harmful to nature, for example, lamps containing mercury or batteries.
Option # 3 - give the unit a "second" life
Most likely, it was precisely because of the impossibility of “fusing” the refrigerator to the dump in time, that the villagers and summer residents found more than a dozen ways to use it in another capacity.
Lost the main function - to cool and freeze food - the equipment can easily turn into something useful. Particularly attractive for homemade is the body - the bulk and sturdy.
Here are some examples of successful use of the old refrigerator. You may have more interesting ideas.
A photo of
If the body, freed from the shelves, is simply buried in the cellar, it will already be suitable for storing vegetables and canned goods. However, some craftsmen manage to upgrade the device and fully preserve its cooling function.
If to remove the compressor and to pump out freon, the refrigerator turns into an ordinary case. Of course, it would be strange to keep a two-meter unit in a bedroom or office, but the compact model will fit and not clog the interior.
If you plan to breed a bird in the country or in the village, as well as engage in small poultry farming, you can adapt the old refrigerator for an incubator. It is enough to create suitable conditions for breeding chicks.
The original bar for storing drinks in the country will never be over. From the refrigerator you need to get shelves - you get a roomy storage for bottles. If you attach a soft seat to the outside of the door, a comfortable bench will come out
Refrigerator as a cooling cellar for vegetables
The refrigerator as a mini-bookcase and all small things
Refrigerator transformed into a homemade farmer mini incubator
The old refrigerator became a bench with a compartment for drinks.
The fantasy of the owners of the old units knows no limits, and comfortable houses for dogs are born, air dryers, glaciers for the cellar, organizers for tools, smokehouses for fish and meat, dryers for fruits and vegetables.
It should be remembered that the freon that is not used for cooling must be pumped out with the help of special equipment, and not just released into the air.
Option # 4 - to scrap / for parts
Newspaper pages are full of ads about buying used equipment for spare parts. There are also scrap metal collection points where part of the parts can be attributed.
It would seem that you can disassemble the refrigerator and get at least a small benefit, but in practice everything happens differently.
To find out how appropriate it is to disassemble the unit, you should call the organization that made the announcement. Some companies accept only metal parts, others work only with legal entities.
In addition, the delivery of equipment in parts is unprofitable, because in the process of disassembly will have to remove the freon, and this is a paid procedure.
If the model is relatively modern, then some parts (compressor, sensors) can be taken for a nominal fee by private masters who repair the house
Thus, the entire refrigerator for disassembly can be taken only when it is of some kind, that is, it can be repaired or disassembled into parts that are in demand. But more often only serviceable parts are bought, and no one needs plastic.
Option # 5 - profitable to exchange for a coupon
An interesting solution is to buy a new model instead of an old one with a big discount. Promotions of this kind are sometimes held by large online stores, for example, Eldorado. Where did this practice come from?
After careful calculations and analysis of statistical data, we learned that Russians use 2-3 times more electricity than citizens of other countries. This is due to the use of old uneconomical equipment.
As a result of discussions of the problem that had arisen, it was decided to withdraw about 39 million from the population by 2020 refrigerators and freezers by exchanging for energy efficient models.
The exchange program was liked by both consumers and companies that sell equipment in large quantities. Thanks to her, the level of sales of brands to be replaced has increased significantly
What does the consumer win? At a minimum, he receives as a gift a free export of the old unit, as a maximum - a discount of up to 10% (rarely more) on the new model.
From what side not to look, it is useful and profitable opportunity to update a kitchen arsenal and to utilize bulky waste.
Features of professional disposal
If you are lucky and in your city there is at least one company engaged in the collection and recycling of refrigerators, the disposal procedure is as follows:
- Call to the company to apply;
- negotiation of payment terms, conclusion of a contract;
- removal and transportation of equipment by employees of the enterprise;
- delivery to the warehouse or landfill, where freon is pumped out and subsequent disassembly;
- sorting of plastic, non-ferrous and other metals, electronics;
- pressing and shipment of waste to processing plants.
At the enterprises for dismantling and pressing environmental standards are observed, therefore environmental pollution does not occur. The disposal process is carried out under the supervision of regulatory authorities.
A photo of
Special equipment with old equipment enters the enterprise and unloads equipment on street platforms or in hangars
To make it easier to disassemble and press, equipment is laid out on separate piles: refrigerators for refrigerators, machines for machines, etc.
For pumping refrigerant use special equipment. The procedure does not last long, about 3 minutes, after which the unit is subject to disassembly
Large-sized household equipment is difficult to store or transport because of large volumes, so refrigerators, washing machines, gas stoves are pressed
The refrigerator is placed in a special compartment, fixed it and include a press. The mechanism slowly compresses the case until it turns into a compact box.
After passing the press a large pile of old refrigerators turns into a pair of stacks of compressed equipment, occupying a minimum of space.
Often, containers are brought to the dump with refrigeration equipment. Plastic parts are recycled and packaged in bags; paper and cardboard are made into “cubes”
The latest models of refrigerators have electronic control units. They are dismantled in a special workshop along with computers, laptops, TVs
Step 1 - Acceptance of Old Equipment at the Site
Step 2 - Sorting Household Appliances
Step 3 - Pumping Freon from Refrigerators
Step 4 - preparation of pressing equipment
Step 5 - pressing the old equipment
Step 6 - Storing Pressed Briquettes
Step 7 - Packing Paper and Plastic
Step 8 - Disassembling Electronic Parts
As you can see, such enterprises do not produce a full-scale processing cycle - this is just a transshipment base.
But household appliances are dismantled, sorted, packaged and sent to the mills, where recycled materials are recycled and allowed for re-production.
Solving the problem abroad
Recycling recycling - a sphere in which we are far behind foreign countries. If you calculate the percentage of recycling in Russia, the results are depressing.
Perhaps, compared to 2011, when the studies were conducted, the situation has changed in a positive way. However, the difference in such an item as the disposal of waste (landfills) can hardly be significantly reduced in 7 or even 10 years.
Responsible approach to the disposal of technical waste are Japanese. They have developed an effective recycling program, and they also pay a separate tax.
In Europe, schemes are thought out, thanks to which the manufacturer is responsible for recycling - after the life of the product, he takes the refrigerator and sends it for recycling.
In developed countries, special events are provided, for example, the annual collection of large-sized equipment. Old refrigerators are put on the street, and municipal transport collects them and transports them to processing plants.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
If you had to get rid of the old refrigerator, then you imagine the process of removal and transportation. Where the technology goes further, you can learn from the videos.
What happens at the processing plant:
How to get rid of bulky waste:
How does the free recycling program:
Unfortunately, the problem of recycling is not completely solved. Old refrigerators continue to appear from time to time on sites with garbage containers, and freon, thanks to irresponsible users, enters the atmosphere and destroys the ozone layer.
To save nature and not to harm yourself, you should properly dispose of household appliances using only legal ways..