The content of the article:
Peach is a delicious fruit, but in the beginning you need to work a lot to get a good harvest. Peach diseases and its pests keep the grower in suspense all season of vegetation. Peaches grown far from their home countries with warm climates are prone to a variety of diseases. We report on the most common ailments of the tree and about protection measures.
What diseases affect the peach
All fruit crops are affected by one set of diseases, but each species is predisposed to some of them. And just like a plum moniliozom, a peach is affected by curly, more often than other diseases.
Other expected diseases of peach:
- fruit rot;
- powdery mildew;
The complex of year-round protective measures is aimed at the prevention of diseases, the destruction of pests and increasing the yield of wood. If you survive the agronomic calendar, you can prevent the outbreak even in an unfavorable summer. Look at the photo: peach diseases and their treatment, requires strong preparations and protective clothing for the worker.
Klyasterosporiosis or leaf dyspepsia refers to fungal diseases. At the beginning of development, leaves appear as if punctures, then violet spots appear, the tissue in the circle disappears and a perforated leaf appears. Simultaneously, spores spread to the entire terrestrial part of the plant. Sometimes the same signs on the leaves give an overdose of copper-bearing fungicides. If it is a peach fungus disease, it will quickly progress.
When the disease manifested itself, it can not be defeated by popular means. It is necessary to use fungicides, such as Scor, Crystalum or Delan, in a double dose, if guided by the instruction.
Powdery mildew can spoil the development of peach on the coast of the Black and Azov Sea. For the middle band, this disease is typical for melons and berry crops. In the beginning, the leaves of the tree stand, as if they were sprinkled with flour. Later the leaf is deformed, the shoots become thinner. The taste of the fruit is changing. The fight against powdery mildew is carried out with the help of Topaz, a fresh mole rattler, a cutting of infected shoots. Effective against powdery mildew the colloidal sulfur.
Observance of the technology of cultivation, prevention of disease of peach and struggle with them, as in the photo, will keep a healthy garden.
Disease leaf curl is the most dangerous
The overwintered spores of the fungus sprout into shoots and leaves in early spring, wintering on the plant remains of last year. The causative agent of leaf curl disease is introduced into the leaf. The first sign is the formation of red blisters on the leaf blade. But if the leaves have already sagged on the tree for 2 weeks, the disease is powerless.
Fungus is introduced into the plate for 5-8 days to the offspring. The leaves are destroyed, and together with mature spores they fall to the ground. Young branches of fresh or year-old growth and their wood are damaged. The buds of this year are being deformed, and there will be no harvest in the next season.
How to treat the disease of peach curl of leaves? Immediately! As soon as they saw the first signs - young leaves, still green, started to swell, immediately it is necessary to apply copper-containing fungicides in the recommended dose. At the same time, it is necessary immediately to start sanitary pruning, scrap, plucking the sheets, until the disease has captured the entire crown.
Specialists and practitioners argue that among the varieties of peach, some are more resistant to leaf curl:
- In memory of Rodionov;
- Simferopol early.
How can one fight the curly leaves on peach folk remedies? In the eradication of the disease, the main thing is speed. Effective drugs are not many. If the disease was found at the beginning, you need to manually remove the leaves, cut off the twigs on which they are attached, and necessarily burn.
Spray the wood with a mixture of sulfur powder and lime-pushers, sprinkle 1% with colloidal sulfur, but only on a hot day, so that the temperature is above 25 degrees. You can use Biostat. For the second treatment, prepare a 3-day infusion of tobacco dust. It can be sprayed with a mixture of slaked lime and clay suspensions, applying it to the leaves after each rain flushing or shedding. Practitioners warn that if fresh galls appear, you need to switch to fungicides.
Preventive methods of combating curly peach begin in the fall. It is during this period that it is necessary to clean the kitchen garden of the winter tenants. As soon as the air temperature dropped to 10-5 degrees, the time of prevention comes:
- Inspection and sanitization of the trunk, broken branches.
- Prestugolny circle free from all remains, burn leaves and branches, soil loosen or put fresh manure throughout the area, not digging, let there be a crust. This feeding for 3 years.
- In the spring, make the processing on buds with copper fungicide, and then prune. After processing Topsinom M, but before the appearance of leaves.
On the young leaves to spray the means Champion. In the future, if there are swelling, 10% of Mullein's infusion will cope with them. A neglected garden will be rid of diseases for 2-3 years.
This is the answer to the question of how to treat the peach from the curls of the leaves. The scheme is used in private gardens in Ukraine. Systemic treatments allow you to get rid of the main fungal diseases even in warm rainy years.
The basic principles of disease control are the ability to grow a healthy strong tree. Then it will itself resist disease and pests. To do this, you need to find a light slope, with a barrier from the northern faith. No shading peach tolerates. He loves fertile soil, regular watering and deep standing of groundwater. If the winter is to grow, the tree will wake up. The roots will withstand winter cold +25 degrees 3-4 days, and 35-38 degrees - several hours. Trimming trunks and manure in the trunk circle will help reduce the danger of frostbite.