There is no person who does not know the taste of a pear. These juicy and sweet fruits will not leave anyone indifferent. And what compotes and jams are obtained from them!
NowadaysPear can be found almost in any garden plot.
This tree, like any plant in the garden,requires some care. To year after year it yielded a good harvest, you need not only watering and fertilizing, but also competent pruning..
Table of contents
- Correct formation of the crown of a young pear with the help of trimming
- When it is better to trim the shoots and tree branches
- Summer care
- Is it possible to trim branches in winter?
- Scheme of pruning in spring
- How can and need to prune the pear in the fall, rejuvenate it
- How to form the crown of a column pear
Correct formation of the crown of a young pear with the help of trimming
Since the pear belongs to a photophilic culture,It is necessary to monitor the density of its crown.
What gives the correct pruning of the pear:
- abundant, regular fruiting;
- further development of culture;
- creating a solid skeleton;
- convenience in harvesting;
- good access by spraying.
If pruning is done irregularly or incorrectly, then the crown will become denser, as the tree will begin to give all its strength to the cultivation of young growth. This will reduce the yield and reduce the size of the fruit.
Another plus of timely pruning branches: pear tree is quite high, andpruning branches will stop its growth upwards. Thanks to this, other garden trees and bushes will get more sunlight.
Crop pear, instructions for beginners:
When it is better to trim the shoots and tree branches
You can trim a pearand in spring, and in summer, and in autumn, and even in winter. Pruning at a particular time of year pursues its goals.
Summer is donesolely on an emergency basis. It happens that in the spring, when pruning, several branches were viewed, and they began to develop intensively, shading the already appeared fruits on other cut branches. In this case, summer pruning is possible.
Also at this timepinching of young shoots is carried out. It is much easier to remove them now, until they become stiffened, in addition, thanks to this cutoff, the transformation of leaf buds into fruit leaves occurs.
Is it possible to trim branches in winter?
Winter trim has some advantage. It lies in the fact that at this time of the year, when frost is on the street, all plants, including the pear, are in a "sleeping mode".
Therefore, it is much easier to transfer wound wounds, healing occurs more quickly, and in the absence of juice, wood becomes more pliable.
Scheme of pruning in spring
Spring pruning of a pear is considered the most important for a plant, it gives a guarantee of a good harvest. In spring, as is known, kidney budding occurs. This requires sunlight.
If in some place the crown turned out to be thickened, then a darkening will appear, accordingly, there will be no flower buds, so there will be no fruit.
To avoid this,Pruning should begin with a one-year-old seedlingwhen its height reaches 50-60 cm.
Crop the top about a quarter of a length, which will stimulate the lower branches to grow and form the right crown. Branches in the neighborhood cut off "on the ring."
Pruning "on the ring" is done clearly on a kind of influx, located at the very base of the branch. If you leave a large knot, this will lead to decay, and if you remove the branch flush, the wound will heal very long.
The branches that serve as the basis of the trunk should be left, they should not be more than four.
As the tree grows up, young shoots on it grow smaller. To correct this situation and increase the amount of young growth on an aging tree,it is necessary to regularly prune the crown, rejuvenate it.
Spring work on pruning pears is recommended to beginafter the establishment of warm weather, in the absence of night frosts and a solid plus at day temperature.
But it is also impossible to be late with this, it is important to have time to prune until the circulation of wood juice has begun.
After the spring pruningDo not apply nitrogen fertilizers to the pear. This can adversely affect the taste of the fruit. After winter hibernation, the tree itself actively draws all the useful substances from the earth..
How can and need to prune the pear in the fall, rejuvenate it
Necessarytreat the autumn pruning with great care. Ahead of winter, if you remove too many branches, the tree will be difficult to survive in the coming frosts.
The fact is thatin September(namely, this time is best for autumn pruning), the tree juice continues to circulate, although it becomes slower.
The tree will begin to spend the substances stored for the winter period in order to "heal" the wounds left after cutting.
Scheme of correct autumn pruning:
- First remove the dry and diseased branches, so that in the winter when they fall they do not maim the healthy branches.
- Find the branches that grow at right angles to the trunk and also remove them.
- Remove the branches that interfere with the development of fruit bearing. The remaining branches, which seem superfluous, should only be shortened to remove them in the next year.
- Do not leave large knots, and cut off "on the ring" (see. higher).
You may be interested in other publications:
- Detailed description of the pear variety Marble.
- How to properly plant and transplant a pear in the fall.
- A detailed description of the pear variety. Simply Maria.
A young pear should be cut every autumn, and even twice a year, starting from the second year after planting. Reason: slow growth and poor tolerance of cold winter.
Adult Trees of Early VarietiesIt is possible to cut off ripening from the second half of August to September 15-20. The procedure is the same:
- removal of damaged branches;
- thinning of the thickened crown;
- removal of branches affected by the disease;
- shortening of shoots not older than one year.
At a later date, shortening is not recommended, since the possibility of freezing of shortened branches increases, which will lead to a decrease in yield.
Autumn pruning pears - this is the most effective wayreturn a good harvest from an aging tree. This pruning can be called rejuvenating.
In addition, if earlier to form the correct crown was not necessary, thensuch pruning will provide an opportunity for thinning, which will lead to the appearance of young fruit-bearing shoots.
If the pear is more than 18 years old, then it is recommended to cut it once every five years..
How to form the crown of a column pear
Not so long ago in the Russian kitchen gardens began to appearcolumn pear, already managed to conquer the hearts of our gardeners. From her tall "sisters" she is notable for her unpretentiousness in her care.
The main advantages of a column pear:
- always gives a rich harvest;
- On the same plot of land, more trees can be planted;
- well gets accustomed;
- gives great results;
- resistant to various sores;
- frost resistant.
In the first year after plantingYou can not allow the blossoms of the pear to make the seedling gain strength for further growth.
Next year you need toTo make so that in one inflorescence there is a maximum on two florets for prevention of a young tree from an overload by fruits.
Advice to beginning gardeners: before trimming you need to pay attention to the apical bud. If it is healthy, then the tree has a central conductor.
If this kidney is damaged, then other shoots appear. Of these, the strongest should be left, the rest removed.
Often it is not necessary to subject the columnar pear to circumcision, in order to prevent the increased formation of branches. In a young tree shoots should not be cut, but shortened, not forgetting to leave a pair of kidneys.
This should be done closer to the autumn. The most important thing is to remove all lateral shoots growing in sides. The central conductor can be cut in only one case: if its development is not enough. Then you should leave two or three kidneys.
Althoughpear requires constant care and delivers a lot of trouble with pruning, she gives herself unreservedly with her divine fruits, giving the gardener joy and pleasure in the results of his work..