What is the name of a wild plum?

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Wild plum is rare in anyone you can find in the garden. This is explained by the fact that the berries in her small size, while the acid and tart.

This plant has its advantages among other fruit trees and shrubs:

  • highwinter hardiness;
  • undemandingto soil conditions;
  • sustainabilityto drought.

The wild plum, from which all the modern plum varieties originated, combined the qualities of its predecessors: the palatability and juiciness of plum and winter hardiness, and color.

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Table of contents

  • Wild plum - general information
    • Vitamins and minerals that are part of the wild plum
    • Useful qualities and harm to wild plums for health
  • The use of wild plum in folk medicine
    • Flowers: the best time to collect
    • Root: how to prepare properly
    • Bark: how to prepare properly
    • Berries
  • The use of wild plum in cooking
    • Jam
    • Jam
    • Compote
    • Wine

Wild plum - general information

Due to the fact that on the branches of a thorn (thorns) there are prickly thorns in the scientific world it is called a wild plum.

This plant is often found in the wild as a shrub, but under certain conditions can grow in the form of a tree. At the age of ten, the root collar of the wild plum can reach 10 cm, and the height of the plant itself is up to 2-3 m.

Wild Plum or Blackthorn

The most common are thorny thickets along the rivers Tsna, Sura, Seimas, Khopra, Vorskla, Northern Donets. The Florovsky region was also famous for its fruit tree plantations. Now in its place is a village called Ternovka. On the territory of the Carpathians and the Caucasus, a blackthorn spreads to the mountain peaks.

Quite an interesting feature of the fruit plant: its flowers appear much earlier than the leaves, there are so many of them that the entire shrub becomes white. During this period, the bush exudes a beautiful aroma, attracting bees.

Every year in August, the fruits of wild plums cover the plant abundantly and become dark purple with red berries.Completely sing the turn after the first frosts, when the content of tanning elements decreases and the berries become more delicious.

Vitamins and minerals that are part of the wild plum

The berries of the wild plum have the following composition:

  • coumarins;
  • acid, malic;
  • tanning elements;
  • catechins;
  • , % of sugars (glucose and fructose);
  • carbohydrates;
  • nitrogen-containing substances;
  • alcohol compounds;
  • steroids;
  • cellulose;
  • vitamins C, E;
  • flavonoids;
  • pectin;
  • mineral salts;
  • triterpenoids;
  • glycoside;
  • carotene;
  • Fatty oils (linoleic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, and eleostearic);
  • prunazine.

Roots containtannic and coloring compounds.Useful minerals in leaves:anthocyanins, flavonoids, vitamins C and E, phenol carboxylic acids.The composition of the seeds includespoisonous glycoside, deaminating hydrocyanic acid.

Useful qualities and harm to wild plums for health

Berries of wild plum favorably affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract.Regular use of plums helps restore the balance of microflora, reduces the risk of gastritis and colitis. Diuretic properties of fruits help to remove toxins from the body.

Berries of wild plum

The fruits of the plum have an anthelmintic effect on the simplest organisms. Due to this, peristalsis of the intestine is normalized, improving its work and metabolism.

Particularly rich in fruits are vitamin P (flavonoid), and regular saturation of the body with this substance stabilizes blood pressure, strengthens blood vessels, normalizes the heart rhythm. It also stimulates the work of the adrenal cortex.

Eating the fruits of wild plum, you can get rid of the unpleasant odor of the iso. The only drawback is the coloring quality of the turn, a persistent bluish color can stay for a few days.

Wild plums are natural antiseptics. Most dentists recommend using as a lotion fruit pulp, fitting them to inflamed gums.

Berries of thorns are categorically contraindicated in acute forms of ulcerative diseases, especially with bleeding.And also patients with increased gastric acidity and at elevated blood pressure.

Amygdalin substance is collected in bones. The constant use of it can have a toxic effect on the human body. thereforepreservation with the bones of these fruits is recommended not to be stored for more than a year.

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The use of wild plum in folk medicine

It is proved that medicinal preparations from different parts of the plant have a curative effect on the human body:

  • antibacterial;
  • diuretic;
  • expectorant;
  • antipyretic;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • diaphoretic;
  • astringent.

All these qualities have found their application in traditional and non-traditional medicine. They are used for general and symptomatic treatment of serious diseases.

Flowers: the best time to collect

This ingredient must be collected before the flowers are opened. Extracts and decoctions of flowers are used for hypertension, constipation, liver pathologies, prostate adenoma, rheumatism and atherosclerosis.

Flowers of wild plum

Preparations from flowers have a diuretic, diaphoretic and sedative effect.

Preparation of medicinal products:

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  • Tincture. To do this, take 2 tsp. crushed flowers and poured 250 ml of cold water. They put off insisting. After 8 hours the preparation is ready for use. Use it for two st. l. 4 times a day.
  • Decoction.It is necessary to take 2 hours. l. crushed raw materials, pour 250 ml of water and bring to a boil over low heat. Eat 100 ml twice a day. The finished product is used as an auxiliary for the prevention of vascular diseases.

Preparations from wild plum flowers have a strong antimicrobial effect, sowidely used for the treatment of skin diseases. Affected places are wiped with a cotton disc moistened in a decoction or tincture.

Root: how to prepare properly

The roots of wild plum should be harvested in autumn. It is better to excavate them at a distance of 1 m from the stem.To prepare a decoction, the raw material is washed and dried at a temperature of + 60 ° C. Take 10 g of ground root pour 500 mg of cold water and cook over a small fire for 15 minutes. Take 3 times a day for 100 ml. For syringing, the broth is diluted 1: 1 with water.

Root of the turn

Root broth has antipyretic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Accept for ARVI and to cleanse the body of toxins and toxins.

Bark: how to prepare properly

It is better to take bark from plants that are to be cut down, and also before flowering. Then it is necessary to rinse and dry as well as the roots.

Prickly branches of wild plum

It is used to purify blood vessels, treat female inflammatory pathologies, furuncles and erysipelas on the body.

Take 1 hour. l. crushed raw materials, pour 250 ml of water and cook for 15 minutes. Take 100 ml three times a day.

Berries

Berries of wild plum gather in late October. To prepare a medicinal preparation /, the berries are dried in the sun or oven for a week.

Fruits of wild plum

For preparation of tincturetake 1 tbsp. l of crushed fruits, pour 250 ml of hot water and insist for one hour. Take (to treat the gastrointestinal tract) on an empty stomach of 100 ml for 4 days

Juice. Berries are cleaned from bones and heated to 70 ° C. Then they soften and squeeze the juice. Used for giardiasis, food disorders and SARS.

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The use of wild plum in cooking

Berries of wild plum are rarely used fresh. But different compotes and jams have a special taste.

Jam

Ingredients:

  1. berries of wild plum kg;
  2. sugar - 3 kg;
  3. water - 1 liter.
Jam from wild plum

Prepared fruit is cooked on low heat for 15 minutes. After, shift to a colander and remove the bones. Return the peeled berries to the former broth, add sugar.

When the sugar is completely dissolved, the jam is cooked for another 15 minutes and poured into sterilized jars.

Jam

For the preparation of jam it is necessary to take:

  1. plums - 1 kg;
  2. sugar - 1 kg;
  3. water 100 ml.
Jam from wild plum

Purified berries are poured with water and boiled for half an hour on a small fire. Then the fruit is wiped through a sieve, placed in a container, add the remaining ingredients and cook for another half an hour. Ready products are placed in sterilized jars.

Compote

For preparation it is necessary to take:

  1. wild plum - 1 kg;
  2. sugar syrup - 50%.
Compote from the turn for the winter

In boiling syrup fill the prepared fruits and cook for 5 minutes. Ready compote is poured into jars with fruits, covered with lids and placed in a container of water and boiled for 15 minutes. Then they roll up.

Cooked from the wild plum compotes and jam with bones can be stored no more than a year.

Wine

For preparation it is necessary to take:

  1. wild plum - 10 kg;
  2. sugar - 3 kg;
  3. water - 10 liters.
Wine from the wild plum
  • Frozen plums bloom for 2 days. After, they are softened, placed in a container along with bones, pour water.
  • Leave in a warm place for 3 days. When bubbles appear on the surface, the mass should be filtered.
  • A liter of wine is added 300 g of sugar. Poured into a container.

From year to yearthe use of wild plum as a raw material for medicines is only growing. Growing a similar plant is beneficial and useful not only in your garden, but also an excellent option for additional earnings.

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