Breeding rabbits has been very popular recently. As the popular joke says, "rabbits are not only valuable fur, but also 3-4 kilograms of dietary, easily digestible meat."
Well, on top of that, there are also fans of decorative rabbits, for whom these cute little animals become real friends. Like any living creatures, these pussies can get sick from time to time. The article will discuss possible eye diseases in rabbits, how to prevent, in time to recognize and how to treat.
Table of contents
- Existing eye diseases in rabbit
- How to treat conjunctivitis, if the eyes are watery, fester and sour?
- What should I do with myxomatosis?
- How to cure exophthalmos?
- Disease - dacryocystitis
- Why does a corneal ulcer occur?
- Treating epiphory
- Prevention of the occurrence of rabbit eye diseases at home
Existing eye diseases in rabbit
Eyes from nature in rabbits are endowed with the ability to survey almost 360 degrees around. This feature helps in the wild nature of the animal in time to see the approach of the enemy. Therefore, the organ of vision is extremely important for these animals. Diseases of the eyes in rabbits can be divided into three categories:
- caused by birth defects;
- infectious nature;
- inflammatory diseases;
Depending on the choice of treatment. At times,Treatment is possible only through surgical intervention. In some cases, the animal is only liable to sleep.
How to treat conjunctivitis, if the eyes are watery, fester and sour?
A fairly common in humans eye disease occurs in our smaller brothers. Conjunctivitis in rabbits is both bacterial, and infectious, as well as allergic. Depending on the type of disease, treatment is selected. Allergic type occurs against the background of allergies, the main symptom that distinguishes this species from other forms is the presence of itching.
It is treated with the help of antihistamines, which are selected by a veterinarian.Infectious arises from the ingress of foreign small particles into the eye. Often, the inflammatory process occurs against the background of a lack of vitamin A. With this form, swelling and reddening of the mucosa is observed, the eye is intensely watery. Treatment of the diseased organ of vision follows a weak solution of boric acid or manganese.
Purulent conjunctivitis is caused by pathogenic bacteria. Rabbits fester or eyes turn sour, when the form is run, the animal is unable to break the eyelids. Treatment requires washing with antiseptic solutions to remove accumulated pus, as well as antibiotic treatment as directed by a doctor. Usually, the antibiotic is selected after taking a sample for resistance.
What should I do with myxomatosis?
This disease refers to species caused by birth defects. It is manifested by purulent conjunctivitis, tumors on the nose are possible. With this diagnosis, the upper eyelid is not of ordinary shape, but undulating. At the same time, incorrect growth of eyelashes provokes inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Usually observed in rabbits up to 14 days of age.Treatment consists in the plastic surgery of the eyelid.The causes of the appearance of such anomalies are not established. There are suggestions that this is justified by a genetic predisposition. Another version is that a similar mutation is caused by some still unexplored species of bacteria or viruses.
The causes of the disease can include diabetes, especially in individuals of advanced age, bacteria, as well as transferred encephalitis. Symptoms include opacification of the ocular lens. It is treated depending on the causes of the onset.
Disease on the background of increased intraocular pressure. The only thing that attests to this is the convexity of the eye itself.The condition is very painful, visual acuity is disturbed, more common in older rabbits, but in some cases may be congenital. Most often the affected organ has to be removed, in rare cases, maintenance therapy is prescribed..
Also you may be interested in the following articles on the rabbit theme:
- The main reasons for the treatment of diarrhea in rabbits.
- Treatment and prevention of rhinitis in rabbits.
- The main diseases of the ears in rabbits.
Inflammation of the cornea. With this disease, the cornea becomes turbid, the patient has photophobia and purulent discharge, tearing. Treatment is carried out with the help of antibacterial ointments or cleansing antiseptic solutions. In addition, an analgesic
Causes of the disease can be in head injuries, infections of a viral or bacterial type. The disease can be chronic. Symptoms include an increase in the pupil in size against the background of photophobia, edema of the iris and tear.
In chronic form, the possible adhesion process of the iris and lens, inflammation of the retina.It is treated with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as means based on atropine to eliminate adhesions.
How to cure exophthalmos?
Individual ophthalmic diseases of the rabbits may be associated with the teeth. Why is this happening? So, dental inflammation against the background of incorrectly spent teeth in these animals leads to exophthalmus - an ailment, in which eyeballs literally exit from the orbits.The only possible way to alleviate the condition of the animal in this case consists of removing the affected organ of vision, as well as the tooth,which contributed to the development of the problem.
Disease - dacryocystitis
Inflammatory process, due to the obstruction of the lacrimal canal, is called dacryocystitis. It is often found in small rabbits. In newborn animals, the problem passes, as a rule, by itself, with good care.
In the blocked lacrimal canal, the pathogenic bacteria begin active activity, as a result of which pus often appears from under the eyelid. As a treatment, drops with an antiseptic effect are used to suppress bacterial growth.
Why does a corneal ulcer occur?
Most often, corneal ulcers are caused by mechanical damage. For example, during a fight with other animals, but there are other reasons that only a qualified veterinarian can accurately determine. For example,ulcers can be a consequence of chronic blepharoconjunctivitis.
With a corneal ulcer, corneal epithelium damage is visible to the naked eye. The process is accompanied by swelling of the eyelids, tearing. In the absence of adequate therapy, organ loss can occur literally within a few days.
Epiphora is similar in symptomatology with dacryocystitis. With this disease there is a blockage of the lacrimal canal. Often the inflammatory process is caused by excessive growth of the roots of the teeth, namely the incisors, which results in the blockage of the nasolacrimal passages.Also, some birth defects may lead to the disease, for example, eyelid twisting, abnormal growth of cilia.
Veterinarian medical appointments are made based on the cause of the disease. In the event that the problem is caused by abnormal teeth growth, the teeth are to be removed. In other cases, lavage of lacrimal ducts is performed, antibacterial therapy is prescribed..
Prevention of the occurrence of rabbit eye diseases at home
How to cure eye diseases in a rabbit at home? To prevent ophthalmic problems in animals it is recommended to approach with all responsibility to the issues of keeping rabbits. A number of basic rules that must be followed by the breeder of these cute and affectionate animals:
- Placing a cage with eared four-footed in a zone without drafts.
- Full nutrition, rich in vitamins and minerals, in particular, food, enriched with vitamin A.
- Timely vaccination.
Now you know what to do if the rabbit is swollen or festering and eyes appear cones on your ears. The health of rabbits largely depends on how much the owner invests effort, coupled with love and care for his pet.
Good care, timely preventive measures and sincere attachment to the four-legged eared friend are the key to a long and healthy life of pussy. The main thing to remember is that we are responsible for those who have tamed us.