Ljubistok - valuable long-term spicy-aromatic, vegetable, medicinal plant. Valuable everything in love - the root, leaves, petioles, seeds. Cultivation is widespread in the south of Russia, in Ukraine. The healing properties of lyubistok are widely used by folk medicine, but there are also contraindications. This romantic name was received by the lover because of the property attributed to him to pricharovyvat lover. Therefore it has numerous popular names-synonyms: dawn, lyubistik, mountain celery, dudochnik, we love, zaborina and others. Girls fascinated lovingly guys. Getting married, sewed his leaf in the hem of the wedding dress, that would be a husband all his life he loved. It was believed that for luck lovage should grow on each farmstead..
- Therapeutic properties of love and contraindications
- Cultivation of love
Many people think that lovers and celery are one and the same thing. Yes, they are very similar to the structure of the leaf, and the smell. But these are two different plants. True, they belong to the same family - celery (Apiaceae). Apparently, from here and their similarity.
In food, leaves, fleshy petioles of leaves, roots are used. The smell is reminiscent of celery, the taste of lyubistok is sharp, brackish-bitter. On dietary, nutritional, medicinal properties, as well as on the aroma of lovage is close to celery. Sometimes it is even called a perennial celery. Used as a spicy seasoning in fresh form in cooking, pickles and marinades, vegetable, fish dishes.
Leaves lyubistok - an excellent seasoning for salads, soups. Especially tasty with it chicken and meat broth. Dried roots also serve as a spicy seasoning, and from fresh cooked candied fruits and jam. Seeds are used for pickling vegetables, bread baking..
Young fleshy petioles can be marinated, and the spicy aroma is well preserved in marinated form. Young leaves have a very stable, strong aroma, so when using you have to be careful, add as a seasoning in a small amount. Young roots and stems are used to flavor confectionery, beverages, and liqueur preparations.↑ to the contents ↑.
Therapeutic properties of love and contraindications
Liubistok is rich in potassium salts, contains vitamin C up to 118 mg%, and carotene content (, mg%) is not inferior to carrots. Especially it contains essential oils (, %), which give a specific taste and aroma. Therefore, lovage is used in the preparation of green oil, as well as a spicy mixture of herbs along with the leaves of parsley, chives with a small amount of black pepper, thyme, rosemary. He has special significance for dietary nutrition along with dill and basil.
A wide application is found in the therapeutic properties of lyubist in folk medicine. With a therapeutic purpose, the root, leaves, seeds are used. The root acts tonifying on the gastrointestinal tract, improves appetite, reduces the phenomenon of flatulence, stimulates the separation of bile, urine, sputum, reduces nervous excitability.
Apply lyubovok with heart diseases, bronchitis, as a diaphoretic, for rinsing the mouth. Children are given young leaves, stems or their broth as an anthelmintic. Decoction of the roots helps to strengthen hair in their premature fall. Fresh, slightly crumpled leaves of this plant relieve the headache of different origins, if they are applied to the forehead. A certain dose of liqueur tincture can cause aversion to vodka.
But there are contraindications. Firstly, children should give decoctions of lovage with caution, only if urgently needed under the supervision of a doctor. And pregnant women are generally at the time of pregnancy to abandon its use. The fact is that its use causes blood flow to the pelvic area and can cause uterine bleeding or lead to a miscarriage. It is not necessary for the same reason to eat, drink decoctions of love to people suffering from hemorrhoids or pyelonephritis.
One more caution. Do not eat lovage for food during flowering - it is believed that it becomes poisonous.↑ back to content ↑
Cultivation of love
Lyubistok can be grown as a one-biennial or perennial plant. The first two years used leaves, and from the fall of the second year you can dig up the roots. During the summer period of the second year, the leaves are cut three to four times, in the subsequent - up to five times. To finish the cutting of leaves of lyubistok it is necessary for, -2 months before the onset of a steady cooling.
The crop of greenery in an annual crop reaches 2 kg from 1 sq. Km. meter, and with two perennial culture - 4-5 kg from 1 square. meter, roots up to 10 kg from 1 square. meter, but provided that the leaves were not cut off. Harvested roots are cleaned, cut, dried, ground into a powder, the taste and aroma of which are more expressive than the spice in fresh form..
Lubistok in appearance somewhat resembles celery. But it has larger shiny leaves with wedge-shaped teeth at the edges. The stem is hollow, branching, reaching a height of 2 meters. Apparently, the folk names of this plant have evolved from here - the doorman and the zaborina, since it is planted near the fence so that it does not obscure other plants in the garden.
In the first year after sowing, the lover makes a large rosette of leaves. On the second one - he shoots and gives seeds. Flowers are small, light yellow, collected in inflorescences umbrellas. Blossom lovage in the Kuban in May-June, the seeds ripen in July. If they are not needed, the stems are regularly broken out so that they do not grow more than 8-10 cm.
Lyubistok - the plant is cold-resistant, frost-resistant. Seed shoots appear at a temperature of 5-7 degrees. The optimum temperature for growth and development of love is 20-22 degrees.
Awakening of the buds, the growth of leaves in spring with a long-term culture of love begins at a temperature of 3 degrees, which makes it possible to receive early greens in April. And when covered with a film in February-March, they get greenery 7-10 days earlier.
You can get greens love in the winter. For this, 2-3-year-old plants are excavated in autumn, laid down for storage, poured with sand. The roots with an intact apex bud are planted in the soil of the greenhouse close to each other.
The distillation takes place at a temperature of 10-20 degrees. Therefore, the green of the lover can be driven out even in a film greenhouse without heating. Leaves grow for a month to 18-25 cm, they are cut. For, -3 months of greenery in a heated greenhouse receive 6-8 kg of leaves from 1 square. meter.
Lyubastok can be grown on any soils, but it is better for rich humus chernozems, although direct imposition of manure does not endure, as the quality of the roots decreases, the flesh becomes loose and darkens during cooking. For the same reason, it is not possible to make high doses of nitrogen fertilizers..
Lyubistok demanding light for the first 2-3 years, when there is an increased increase in the mass of the root. Then it can be grown in shaded places.
Lyubistok is a moisture-loving plant. In droughty periods, in the absence of watering, the aerial part dies out, and can die at very hot and dry weather altogether. Excess moisture is also fatal, since the complete dying of the roots occurs.
If the task is to get more leaf mass, then after each cutting of the leaves, fertilizing is carried out, and, if necessary, watering.
Propagated by a lover sowing seeds in the soil, seedlings, bush division, sprouts. When propagating with seeds, it is necessary to sow as early as possible, even in the "February windows". This is due to the fact that the seeds contain a lot of essential oils that prevent the germination of seeds. And with early sowing in moist soil, these inhibitors are washed away. As a result - amicable shoots.
It is possible to free seeds from these inhibitors if they are soaked before sowing in water with a temperature of 40-45 ° for, -2 days with frequent changes of water (every 3-4 hours). A good effect gives the bubbling of seeds in the water with air 18-24 hours. Prepared seeds are sown with a row spacing of 70 cm.
In the first year of life, plants are first thinned down by 10 cm, then by 20 cm, in the second year by 40 cm from each other. During the growing season, loosening, weeding, and fertilizing are carried out. For the 2-3rd year, it is necessary to introduce between the rows of litter of humus (2-3 kg per 1 sq. Km. meter) with sealing in the soil. You can make top dressing with a fermented mullein or bird droppings, diluting accordingly: and: 0. 15-20 g of superphosphate extract are added to the bucket of the solution.
In order to get greens in the first year, they grow seedlings. For this purpose, the seeds are sown in pots (2-3 seeds each) or seedlings according to the scheme 5 × 5, 5 × 6 or 6 × 6.
Before emergence, the temperature is maintained at 20-25 degrees, and with the appearance of single sprouts, it is reduced to 10-12 degrees by 7-10 days, which prevents the seedling from stretching. Then the temperature is again raised to 15-20 degrees. Two weeks after the emergence of seedlings seedlings are fed with a solution of mineral fertilizers per 10 liters of water: ammonium sulphate 15 g, superphosphate 25 g. The solution consumption is 5 liters per 1 sq. Km. meter. Two weeks later, the dressing is repeated. The age of the seedlings is 50-60 days..
Planting seedlings lovage spend in the Kuban in the first or second decade of April. The landing scheme is 70 × 30 or 60 × 40 cm. In the future, care is the same as in a non-cropped culture.