Avid gardeners and adherents of summer country life are well aware of the problems associated with the lack of water supply. But the water is constantly needed by plants for watering, animals, owners for hygienic and culinary purposes. How do you just want to open the tap and get it in the required amount, even in country conditions. Do you agree?
We are ready to share with you all possible ways, according to which arrange a summer water supply in the country. Here you will find reliable information about the selection of equipment and the construction of popular types of autonomous systems.
We offer a thorough analysis of methods, valuable recommendations on the choice of the source, laying of the above-ground and underground pipelines. The basis for the information provided is the regulatory documentation and advice of experienced professionals. The information is supported by a selection of photos and videos.
The content of the article:
- Distinctive features of the summer plumbing
- Water source selection
Types of water supply for irrigation
- Collapsible scheme: the pros and cons
- Fixing a permanent system
- Overview of materials and necessary devices
- Instructions for assembling a temporary plumbing
Installation of a stationary system with a pump
- #1. Drafting of the project taking into account the peculiarities of the landscape
- #2. Earthworks - trenching device
- #3. Pipeline assembly options
- #4. Pump connection and testing
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Distinctive features of the summer plumbing
The dacha irrigation system in practice turns out to be a vague and uncertain concept. For some, this is a pair of galvanized buckets and a few hours a day spent on difficult "walks" to the well and back, for others - a long flexible hose, constantly clinging and twisting, for the third - a complex system of pipes leading from the well or pond to all corners of the garden plot.
We will consider the most optimal options, excluding large physical loads during watering and minimizing financial expenses during their construction.
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The device of a summer water supply system at the dacha will eliminate the need to stock up with water, deliver it in labor-intensive ways and save money
External branches of the aqueduct operated during the summer period will provide water for watering plants and caring for the area.
Owners of their own summer water supply will be able to arrange fountains, decorative ponds and swimming pools at the cottage
Outdoor water intake points make it easier to handle food for cooking in summer kitchens and barbecue areas.
Tanks of country baths and showers will not need to be filled with banal buckets if there is a summer water supply system at the dacha
However, introducing a summer water supply into the house makes sense only in the case of organizing a sewage system with a discharge of sewage into a cesspool or septic tank.
A country house equipped with water and sewer communications will provide civilized conditions far from the city
Nothing prevents a bath in a country house if water supply and sewage systems are installed
Plumbing for the organization of watering the site
External water lines
Water for fountains and country pools
Water supply to summer kitchens
Providing water for showers and country baths
Introduction of the water supply system to the cottage
Civilized conditions in the house
Bath for reception procedures
Of course, the seasonal water supply system may have additional functions, for example, supplying a garage with water to wash a car, or providing a summer shower. However, they are possible only when a competent project has been drawn up and there are no complaints about laying a summer water supply system, otherwise, instead of convenient functionality, you will receive many reasons for repairs.
Do not forget that the summer modification differs from the winter in some moments of installation and maintenance:
- for laying pipes do not need deep trenches, and enough grooves to a depth of 0.7-0.8 m;
- during the warm period there is no need for pipeline insulation;
- for permanent systems, it is necessary to think over the drain system (for collapsible communications, the drain occurs spontaneously during the dismantling process);
- temporary collapsible pipelines are connected in series, more serious, stationary - using a manifold.
The difference applies to the choice of pumping equipment. For example, a submersible or surface pump is sufficient for supplying water to the garden from a well throughout the summer period. For a permanent system that operates year-round, requires a powerful pumping station, equipped with a water heater and storage tank.
The main purpose of the outdoor branch of the summer water supply is watering lawns, flower beds, beds, shrubs and trees; he It functions temporarily and is used exclusively in summer (for some regions from early spring to late autumn)
The choice of irrigation system largely depends on the duration of the warm period. Suppose for the severe north, where the summer lasts 3 or even 2 months, it is quite enough collapsible scheme.
And for the southern regions, where plantings begin in early spring, it is better to build a good, strong, reliable stationary water supply.
One of the options for supplying water to the garden plot is a surface pump Al-ko Jet 3000 (capacity - 3100 l / h, power - 650 W). Suitable for pumping clean water from a well or well.
Water source selection
Productivity, length of the structure and other operational capabilities of the irrigation system largely depend on the water source to which it will be connected.
Here is a list of possible options for watering:
- well or well (relevant for new, newly developed sites, and for the old, long-term possessions);
- a natural reservoir (for example, a pond originally located in the garden plot);
- centralized highway (necessary for water supply of modern cottage villages).
The accumulative reservoir for rainwater, the filling of which depends on the vagaries of the weather, and the cumulative well of the VOC, in which the wastewater that is purified and separated from the insoluble sediment accumulates.
Most often, except for the main source, there is a backup, for example, a large plastic tank located on height of 1-1.5 m. If suddenly the electricity is cut off and the pump stops working, watering is carried out from tank.
Detailed installation of a biological treatment station with a drainage well, from which submersible pump and pipe system (hose) can be organized watering lawns, vegetable garden, garden cultures
A simple, albeit costly, payment solution is to connect to the central highway. The pipe leading to the irrigation site cuts into the main pipe using a tee and a ball valve without shutdown, under pressure, because the pre-installation of the crane allows you to drill a hole through him
Watering from a natural source requires the installation of an additional filter system, because most budget pumps only work with clean water. The filter is necessary and equipment immersed in a well or sand well.
Cleaner water is in an artesian well, but it requires a special submersible submersible pump (popular brands are Jilex, Grundfos, Patriot, Belamos, Caliber).
In place of the old metal barrels came comfortable plastic containers designed to collect rainwater from the roof. An integrated faucet and a connected pump make the irrigation process more comfortable.
Storage tanks are different: metal and plastic, large and small, purchased and homemade. If the area is small, and the reservoir is volumetric, the liquid is enough for several waterings.
The pipeline operating during the summer period can be connected to any of the listed sources, but with a few reservations. Suppose a collapsible design is suitable for working with a plastic container, and for connecting to a well it is better to build a permanent system.
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The easiest and cheapest source option for dacha water supply system is a pond or river located nearby. Pumping is performed by a surface pump, necessarily equipped with a filter on the suction inlet
If you are not lucky with the location of the dacha near the natural source of water, it is better to get your own. For example, a fast-pierced well-needle
As a reliable option for the device of country water supply well serve well. Pumping out of it, as well as from a needle well, is carried out with a surface pump.
The well function with success will be executed by the well bringing exactly the same volume of water. True, the owners need to remember that it needs constant care, periodic washing and control. A submersible pump is required to generate a depth of more than 25 m
The easiest option - open water
Abyssinian well for water supply
Water intake for the well system
Well at the dacha
Types of water supply for irrigation
Before drafting a summer water supply system for irrigation, you should find out which scheme is more suitable: collapsible or stationary. These two systems have the same purpose, but differ in the nuances of assembly / disassembly (folding) and design features.
Collapsible scheme: the pros and cons
The main distinctive feature of the collapsible design is the need for annual assembly and disassembly. In the spring, parts must be assembled, in the fall - disassembled, then all pipes, tubes, hoses and fittings must be cleaned, washed, dried and put in a dry room.
The assembly is made of plastic pipes connected by fittings, flexible hoses and tips for ease of irrigation; head adjustment is performed using cranes
Temporary collapsible plumbing is assembled and disassembled on the principle of the children's designer: you must take parts that are suitable in size, and connect them into a design that ensures the movement of water from the source to the place glaze.
Simplicity of installation and budgetary cost made the system popular: in the supermarkets a lot of ready-made offers from various manufacturers appeared.
The elements of the irrigation system are often sold separately, but the sales assistant can pick up the necessary parts for the finished project - from pipes and fittings to a pump. There are also complete sets designed for drip irrigation, a technology that is fairly new, but already having regular fans.
The device of the drip irrigation system in the greenhouse: the source of water is accumulative metal a tank (barrel) installed at a height of 1 m, as required, flexible hoses are connected by crane
Drip irrigation occurs due to controlled water supply through flexible hoses with small holes located near the root system of plants. The advantage is a metered supply and water saving, in which plants receive the required amount of moisture.
The advantages of any collapsible type are:
- quick assembly and disassembly;
- assembly that does not require special knowledge;
- operational repair;
- budget cost.
There is a drawback - the need for assembly / disassembly. Many do not like finding hoses on the surface. They interfere with movement and spoil the appearance of the site, but if you think about a neat, disguised arrangement of flexible hoses (along tracks, along the edges of lawns or beds), the problem will be solved.
With the specifics of assembling an independent system of HDPE pipes, a photo selection will be introduced:
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The assembly of a temporary summer water supply is best carried out using pipes made of cross-linked polyethylene. No sediment is deposited on their inner walls.
Flexible polyethylene pipes easily fit into coils convenient for transportation and storage.
If delivery of drinking water from a well or well is planned, it is better to choose pipes with appropriate marking. It is not necessary to buy them for watering.
For the connection of HDPE pipes, they produce a wide range of corner, tee, transitional and connecting fittings, which greatly facilitate and accelerate the process of assembling the pipeline
PND fittings and pipes are suitable for multiple assembly / disassembly, retain flexibility and tightness after years of operation.
Polyethylene pipes are suitable for partial replacement of metal pipelines and branches of PP pipes. Connect to old pipes with adapters
Temporary HDPE pipelines can be laid in an open way, they are resistant to UV rays
Polyethylene pipes can be laid in shallow trenches. The main thing is to arrange them so that the water supply system is not damaged when loosening the beds and moving around the territory
Spout with tap for water
Coil of flexible pipes loya system
The priority is drinking category
Details for connecting pipes to the system
Collapsible watering systems
Application in the repair of water lines
Underground water line laying
Fixing a permanent system
For the device of a constant summer plumbing they dig trenches, by this it reminds the communications operating throughout the whole year.
In contrast to the winter system, the summer modification pipes are not tied to the level of freezing and therefore are located at a shallow depth - about half a meter, a maximum of 0, 8 m. The depth of occurrence depends on the place of installation: the more “active” the plot of land above the pipes is, the deeper they are are lying.
Elements of construction consist of plastic, metal-plastic, rubber or silicone; regardless of material the walls of pipes and connecting elements must be sufficiently thick and durable to withstand water pressure and soil
Mandatory detail - the drain valve, which is necessary for the procedure of draining water at the end of the season. It is installed at a convenient point laid down by the slope of the pipeline, so that water can flow out independently. The procedure is carried out before the onset of cold weather, without waiting for the negative temperature, otherwise the water will freeze directly in the pipes and damage them.
In addition to the pipeline, located under the ground, necessary water faucets, derived to the outside. They are mounted in points located in close proximity to irrigation zones - in the garden, in the garden, near flowerbeds and lawns, as well as at the garage.
Flexible hoses with convenient spray nozzles are attached to cranes for more effective irrigation or spraying of plants.
Installing a water tap on a vertically located plastic pipe, embedded in an underground highway - a design that is suitable for plantings on open ground and for the greenhouse
Pluses of permanent plumbing:
- communications do not interfere with the movement of people and transport;
- pipes are protected by a layer of soil from damage due to external influence;
- spring does not need to be installed, and at the end of the season - dismantling;
- preparation for conservation is simple - drain the water from the pipes.
The downside is the higher cost and extra earthworks. If depressurization occurs, it is impossible to quickly determine the emergency area.
The assembly of the system of rigid polymer pipes has its own characteristics:
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The stationary dacha system constructed for irrigation of beds is not necessary to be buried in the ground. But for this you should choose a pipe that is resistant to UV radiation. It is important to provide a bias for the conservation of the system at the end of the season.
By analogy with systems operated year-round, water lines are supplied with shut-off valves. It is necessary to disable branches before repairing.
If you wish to automate the process of switching on / off the pump unit, the system will need to include a hydraulic tank and a pressure switch.
Before the device of the summer water supply from polypropylene pipes, it is necessary to carefully consider their location. Such pipelines are connected by diffusion welding and do not understand.
From polypropylene pipes it is possible to organize the crane on the street, convenient for filling buckets
If you plan to lay the suburban water supply system in the ground, you must make several copies of the plan, so that you do not look for a place to connect the branches and the location of the reinforcement
The pressure in the water line will help to form a cumulative tank, which it is desirable to install on the overpass
The route for laying your own summer water supply system should be laid so that it is impossible or too difficult to damage while moving around the site.
Device system for watering the area
Shut-off valves of the water supply system
Equipment for the automation of plumbing
Open construction option
Arrangement of water intake points on the street
Laying in the ground water lines
Accumulative tank for a reserve of water at the dacha
Places for laying dacha system
Overview of materials and necessary devices
The summer water supply system consists of the following elements:
- pump equipment;
For comparison, in the construction of the winter needed pressure control devices (hydroaccumulatorpressure gauge pressure switch), automatic protection, water heater.
There are many options for automated systems that allow you to regulate and control drip or greenhouse watering.
The scheme of automatic watering in the greenhouse, collected from flexible hoses. Pumping equipment that supplies water from the storage tank is powered by solar energy.
Conventional plumbing pipes made of plastic, polypropylene or polyethylene with a diameter of 20 mm to 25 mm are more suitable for embedding into the ground. Polypropylene products with reinforced layers are particularly durable, for example, the German Banninger pipes for hot water supply, which have a characteristic green color.
However, medium-strength white PVC pipes are suitable for small, low-branched schemes.
Hoses should not be placed in the ground, but used on the surface. If you still decided to build a permanent plumbing exclusively from hoses, then choose products with thick walls, reinforced with nylon fibers. Their service life is usually at least 15 years.
Fittings (tees, couplings, clips, plugs) should fit the diameter, ideally - and the material. Prefabricated structures usually have the required number of connecting and fixing elements to ensure tightness
The only volatile element of the system is a surface or submersible pump. It should be selected on the basis of their data on the source of water and the characteristics of the equipment itself. For example, the best option for a pond is a drainage pump, for a well, a deep well, and for a well a fairly inexpensive submersible model of the type "Kid" or "Stream".
Instructions for assembling a temporary plumbing
For the device of the seasonal "tinkering" you will need a set of pipes and fittings that are suitable in diameter, and a pump for the forced supply of water. To correctly calculate the amount of consumables, make a draft in the form of a sketch, on which you must specify the length of all highways and junctions.
Driving irrigation scheme that provides irrigation of greenhouses, beds on open ground and garden plants. The object for the reserve of water is the accumulative tank installed on the supports, therefore the use of the pump is possible, but not necessarily
For arranging drip irrigation, it is enough to purchase a ready-made kit equipped with instructions.
To assemble according to a self-made scheme, proceed as follows:
- lay out the pipes according to the drawing, determine the places of the water points;
- if there are enough elements, connect them with fittings;
- attach additional details (nozzles for watering);
- connect the system to a pre-installed pump;
- test the plumbing work.
With the pump on, check the pressure at all points and the tightness of the communications. To prevent hoses and pipes from tangling under your feet, try to think over the scheme so that they do not cross the places of active movement and the road for the movement of vehicles.
If you constantly use surface water supply, use different ideas for easy installation. For example, when building a garden path, lay cross-section pipes with a diameter of 50–100 mm in several places under its base. For the winter, they can be closed with plugs, and in the summer they will serve as a kind of tunnel for the installation of water pipes and hoses.
BUT in this material You can read more about the choice of flexible hoses for watering.
Installation of a stationary system with a pump
The main part of the permanent irrigation water supply system is placed in the ground, so the selection of parts and installation must be carried out with special care. We offer a universal scheme of laying of highways, suitable for simple and extensive networks.
#1. Drafting of the project taking into account the peculiarities of the landscape
Planning, taking into account all the nuances of the subsequent assembly, is half the success, therefore, even before purchasing the necessary materials Make a diagram with the designation of important objects (water source, irrigation points, all buildings, paths, beds and plantings).
Using a tape measure, measure the required sections and calculate the length of the pipes and the number of fittings.
The approximate scheme of the device summer water: 1 - storage tanks for rainwater; 2 - accumulative reservoir in the garden; 3 - raised tank for drip irrigation in the greenhouse; I - II - tie-in nodes in the main highway
Consider how best to arrange the trenches relative to the tracks, buildings, watering areas. Count on a shallow depth - 0.3-0.4 m, but for potentially dangerous places it should be increased to 0.7-0.8 m.
Do not forget about the inset drain valve - it is traditionally mounted near the water intake, respectively, the slope of the pipes should also occur in the direction of the source.
The more points of water pumping, the less often you have to carry a flexible hose. Mentally break the garden (flower garden, lawn, garden) into small areas and plan the installation of hydrants with a device for attaching a hose or sprinkler.
A sample list of materials and tools that will be required to assemble a watering system:
- pipes with a set of tees, squares and fittings;
- flexible hoses;
- cutter and soldering iron for plastic pipes (hacksaw for metal);
- ½ ball valve;
- pump for installation in the well.
The presence of various parts and their number depends on the requirements of a particular project.
#2. Earthworks - trenching device
Digging a shallow trench will require a single tool - a shovel. Buckets or a car for the removal of the soil is not needed, as it is necessary for backfilling.
The complexity of the event depends entirely on the quality and composition of the topsoil. It is easy to dig the soil with a high sand content, even with numerous plant roots; it is much more difficult to remove ORS with the inclusion of clay components.
Excavation work at the dacha: preparation of trenches for the installation of water pipes. Every turn of the trench - plus one compression elbow to connect the pipe pieces
On the way of laying communications, there may be buildings that will have to be walked around the perimeter (for example, a barn or a pool). Small country objects can be overcome by slightly deepening the trench. Suppose communications, laid under a flowerbed at a depth of 0.7 m, will not interfere with digging and caring for plants.
It should be remembered that every turn of the pipeline will reduce the efficiency of the system and will increase the load on the pumping equipment. Therefore, when developing a piping system layout scheme, it is necessary, if possible, to choose paths with a minimum number of turns, or better with their complete absence.
#3. Pipeline assembly options
Previously, when metal pipes were used, it was necessary to deal with steel parts, cutting and assembling which was more laborious. Now they use plastic pipes, which are interconnected in two ways - by welding or fittings.
The first technology is a bit more complicated, but the result is more reliable. Before welding, it is necessary to prepare polypropylene pipes - cut into fragments of the required length. For the central highway, a pipe with a diameter of 20-25 mm is suitable, for branches - 10-20 mm, so cutting can be done with scissors or a roller cutter.
For welding, you need a special welding machine - soldering iron with heater and compact control unit. As a result of heating, the pipes are soldered with fittings, forming a monolithic hermetic structure.
The process of joining polypropylene pipe and connecting angle by welding. For reliability, it is necessary to withstand all stages: heating to the desired temperature, fixation and cooling
Before you start welding, carefully read the instructions and remember the rules for using the welding machine. For example, you can not cool pipes with cold water or compressed air.
After assembling the pipe construction, there is no need to backfill - you first connect to the pumping equipment and check the work.
#4. Pump connection and testing
As a rule, at the time of construction of the irrigation system, the pump is already installed. If not, then it is necessary to choose a model suitable for a particular source (for example, a well) and install it according to the instructions.
The submersible pump is immersed in water and fixed at some distance from the bottom, the surface pump is installed near the well, covering it with a protective casing.
Watering "directly": a flexible hose with a nozzle-watering can is connected to a submersible pump that pumps water from a well. The scheme is also relevant for the pond or storage tank.
The crucial moment is testing. After connecting all the elements into a single system, turn on the pump and check the tightness of the water supply system. Pay attention to the quality of watering - whether there is enough pressure in the most remote points. If everything suits, you can backfill, lightly tamping down the ground, and start using the summer system.
Maintenance concerns mainly pump operation. The pipeline requires only preparation for winter conservation. To do this, open the tap and drain the water.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
To understand what the summer irrigation system looks like and learn more about its installation, use the helpful and informative videos.
The option of arranging the dacha water supply system with connection to the well:
The following video will discuss how to build plastic water supply yourself:
Detailed overview of elements for the irrigation system:
As you can see, the device of a summer water supply system for irrigation can be done by any summer resident who can handle a pump. If you have any questions or difficulties, we recommend contacting professionals involved in landscape design or equipment of suburban areas water supply systems.
Concerned about the arrangement of the summer cottage water supply? Or maybe it was already possible to carry out its own installation and you have something to share with our readers? Please share your experience, write your comments, ask questions at the bottom of the article.