Pear is a very tasty and useful fruit that every gardener grows in the garden. There is a huge number of different varieties, and sometimes it is not easy at early stages of tree development to determine the grade of this fruit.
When a tree begins to bear fruit, sometimes instead of a large-berry variety with excellent taste, the availability of a pear-duck or other less attractive variety on the site than expected originally. But the way out of this situation is very simple - it is enough to plant the tree with a more qualitative process.
In this article, we'll talk specifically about how to plant a pear, how to do it right, and whether it can be planted on different trees.
Table of contents
- Why plant a pear?
- What can be planted with a pear: apple and mountain ash
- Time when you can plant a pear?
- How to choose the right graft?
- Ways to inoculate pears in spring, summer and autumn
- How to properly vaccinate a pear step by step
Why plant a pear?
Plant the tree in order to give it the signs and qualities of another variety. Often a horticulturist for one reason or another does not like the tree growing on the plot.
This tree either gives very small fruits, or the taste of these fruits leaves much to be desired. Sometimes a tree is planted to prolong his "youth".A fresh, young process that will be transplanted to an old tree, after a while, will considerably rejuvenate itand will give a large and stable harvest.
Often, resulting from such a combination of different varieties, the seedling inherits the best qualities of both trees.
Vaccination may be needed when there is absolutely no desire to wait many years before harvesting the first crop, planting the pear seedlings in the ground. It is possible to significantly accelerate the appearance of fetuses with the help of an uncomplicated and time-consuming operation..
What can be planted with a pear: apple and mountain ash
You can plant a pear on the same tree. If a wild tree grows on the site, then the vaccination will allow you to get a high-grade tree with excellent characteristics in a short time.It is not recommended to plant a pear on a pear with different maturation periods of the fruit. In this case, the tree's life cycle is significantly reduced.
If the plot is bogged or the water table is too high, then the pear will not grow in such conditions. Grafting on another tree is the only possible means of harvesting on your own plot.
Grafting on rowan will allow to grow this fruit in such a plot, and given the high frost resistance of mountain ash, it is possible without fear to plant the most late-ripening varieties of pears. The grafted pear on the mountain ash will have a very compact appearance, which will make it easy to harvest the future crop. In the implementation of this vaccination,It should be left on the tree not less than a fourth of the shoots of mountain ash, otherwise the tree will not receive the required amount of substances for fruiting.
You can try to vaccinate on the apple tree. A good result can be obtained if you use as a basis for the grafting of this fruit, quince, irgia or chokeberry tree.
Ideal for this purpose are suitable varieties: Tonkovetka, Severyanka or Svetlyanka. These trees are unpretentious to the conditions of growth and with a correctly conducted operation of grafting a shoot of a more promising variety, it is possible to obtain a significant fruit harvest after 2 years.
Not bad take root pear branch on hawthorn bush, but such a tree will be too covered with spines, which will significantly complicate the harvesting of the future harvest..
Time when you can plant a pear?
Plant the tree in early spring, when the buds on the trees have not yet blossomed. When carrying out the procedure before the active self-movement begins, one can hope for a 100% efficiency of such a graft. If for some reason the vaccine was not able to be vaccinated in time, then you can not wait for the next spring, but to carry out this procedure in the second half of the summer.
Optimum time in the southern regions to carry out this work will be the beginning of spring. In the northern regions, this procedure should be carried out no earlier than the second half of April. In order to determine the optimum time for the picking of the pear, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the air.When night temperature deviations are negligible, you can safely proceed with this operation.Otherwise, the grafted shoots will freeze at night and die..
In summer, the most favorable for vaccination will be the beginning of July. It is necessary to complete such work before August. This month, significant temperature fluctuations are possible during the day, which can negatively affect the grafted plants.
You may also be interested in the following articles on the topic of pears:
- How to properly cut a pear in the fall?
- How and when to remove pears from a tree?
- Useful properties of earthen pear.
How to choose the right graft?
First of all, it is necessary to determine the type of tree, which will become a "donor" for transplanting the branches to a new base.
If you want to get a hybrid large-bred plant, then for this purpose, the pear varieties: Bere-Hardy; Bere-Clercio; Susanna's large-fruited; Favorite is Yakovlev. For proper vaccination of these varieties of pears, it is necessary to separate a small twig with several kidneys.
If the branches are equal in diameter, then a branch of the thickness equal to the scion should be selected as a graft.When the inoculation is carried out "in the cleavage 2 branches of a considerably smaller diameter than the tree trunk where the pear is to be transplanted can be used as a graft..
Ways to inoculate pears in spring, summer and autumn
There are several ways to plant a pear:
- In the cleavage.
- For the bark.
The following tools and materials will be required for the work:
- A garden knife.
- Garden var.
- Plastic bags.
- Tape for tying.
To perform this operation, the branch separates the branch, and a cleavage is made at the cutting site with a knife or an ax. The depth of the cleft should be at least 5 cm. Then, a scion is installed in the cleavage, it is smeared with a garden crock and the trunk of the tree at the site of the cleavage is pulled together by means of a special tape.
Under the bark grafting is carried out when the diameter of the scion is much less than the diameter of the rootstock.To perform this procedure, it is necessary to incise the m-shaped tree bark and insert the stalk into the formed slot. After this, carefully remove the barrel with some kind of cloth or rope. Preferably the junction of the two branches is coated
garden bar to exclude the possibility of infection.
To perform the eyepiece it is enough to make a small incision on the trunk of the stock, apply a scion to it and carefully wind two branches with a special tape for the winding..
How to properly vaccinate a pear step by step
If the tree is inoculated incorrectly, then time will be wasted, the branch will not be taken and It will be necessary to wait for the next favorable period for the implementation of this operation on the vaccinated tree.
The correct vaccination for a small seedling of the pear is carried out in the following sequence:
- Shovel the ground at the bottom of the stem of the seedling.
- The root neck has a t-shaped incision.
- From the cuttings, the "scute" with the kidney is cut off. The cut must be equal to the size of the m-shaped notch.
- With a knife, move the place of the cut to the rootstock, and install a shield with a kidney into the formed slot.
- A polyethylene film tightly tightens the shield to the stem of the seedling so that the kidney remains outside.
3 weeks after the pear vaccination, it is necessary to inspect the junction of the shield with the main trunk. If the kidney is green, then it can be considered a successful operation. In the cleavage it is better to plant 2 new branches, thus it is possible to minimize the probability of death of the scion.
The cleavage can be done on any branch of the main tree, but the most effective is to carry out such an operation from the north side. In this case, the percentage of graft survival is significantly increased.To increase the survival rate of a new branch, it is advisable to use garden vara, which will protect the place of vaccination from damage by insects and microorganisms.
Update the trees available in the garden, you can use the vaccine. To perform this operation, you do not need to purchase expensive equipment or use special knowledge. It is enough to purchase a new type of grapes and turn an apple, quince or rowan garden into a pear grove.
And finally a small video in which you will learn what to do and how to plant a pear step by step in the suburbs:.