The best sorts of cucumbers? Is it correct to put this question? Is it possible to answer it? I think no. The question was initially incorrectly posed. There can not be one or more varieties of the best, because some varieties of cucumbers are good for pickling and the best they can be only for those who are going to make blanks for the winter. But there are also such varieties that will be best for eating fresh, in salads, for example. I, stopping at the counter with seeds, always get lost - a huge number of bags - my eyes run out. What plant? What seeds to buy? How to understand? Let's try together. Most importantly, carefully read the information on the back of the bag. I, by the way, always read and I wanted to buy all of them, but I understood that my kitchen garden will be planted only with cucumbers.
- Cucumbers of salad type - white-cheeked - best for salads
- Black-cucumber cucumbers are the best for pickling
- Dutch hybrids of cucumbers, beet
- German varieties and hybrids of the cornichon type
- Classification of cucumber varieties by branch character
- With weak branching
- With limited branching
- With self-regulation of branching
- With moderate branching of lateral shoots
- With a weak branching of lateral shoots
- With active branching
Then I started to return the packets to the place, but the result was this - I did not always get the harvest I wanted, not the one I was counting on. The reason for this is in my headthere was no clear systematization, classification of varieties, species of cucumbers. I, reading the description, paid attention not entirely to the information that followed. So how do you figure out which ones are best? What will we put? How to choose them correctly for yourself?
By purpose of the variety are:
- salad - with white thorns, the skin is always soft, tiny tender seeds;
- salted - with coarse growth, lose flavor.
- self-pollinating (parthenocarpic),
- bee pollinated varieties.
By the rate of maturation:.
- early varieties (sprinters) - they quickly, amicably give a harvest, quickly grow old - cease to bear fruit;
- late - extended fruiting, more resistant to disease.
Cucumbers of salad type - white-cheeked - best for salads
Always gentle, sweet. With a thin skin. Ideal for salad. Perfectly salted. They are unpretentious, fruitful. For salting are not suitable - they usually turn out soft, without a crunch. Fructification is long. They are also called cucumbers in the "Asian shirt". All Chinese varieties and hybrids are salad. These include such as "Chinese snakes "Chinese heat resistant F1 "Emerald Flux F1 many, many others.↑ back to content ↑
Black-cucumber cucumbers are the best for pickling
These are predominantly Russian varieties or hybrids. They are excellent in pickling. Through a rare hillocks the brine gradually penetrates, dense flesh does not soften. The main thing with such a salting is the length of time, low constant temperature. No others are suitable for cold salting. Only these. That is, varieties with sparsely located black spines. They include such things as "Zasolochny "Aquarius hybrids "Nightingale F1 "True Colonel F1 "Lilliput F1 and many others.↑ back to content ↑
Dutch hybrids of cucumbers, beet
Their distinctive features - they have small fruits, medium-sized tubercles, with spines, which are located more often than in Russian varieties. This type of peel is called a "Dutch shirt". They have a bouquet blossom - sometimes up to 10 ovaries have one bunch, long fruit. Ceps are good for pickling. Harvesting can begin no later than they reach a length of 5-7 cm. Experts advise them to add as much seasoning as possible during their marinating. Overgrown fruits become stiff, hard, tasteless. Cucumbers of this type include, for example, hybrids "Ecole F1 "Tempo F1 "German F1 others.↑ back to content ↑
German varieties and hybrids of the cornichon type
The rest of the species are characterized by shallow tuberculation - the entire surface is covered with small tubercles with spines, which are located so close to each other that the fetus appears fluffy. Zelenians are small, dark green. When washing the fruit, the thorns are destroyed, tubules are obtained, through which the marinade quickly and evenly penetrates the fruit. When marinating, the number of seasonings can be reduced, and the tips can not be cut. These cucumbers are also good in salads. The best of them are grades "Graceful hybrids "Othello F1 "Liberle F1 "Adam F1 others..
More cucumbers are classified
- in relation to light (shade-tolerant and light-loving),
- by the presence of parthenocarpy,
- by the nature of the branching of plants (active, limited, weak).
Classification of cucumber varieties by branch character↑ back to content ↑
With weak branching
Than good or bad? They can be planted more often, since they occupy little space. They quickly, amicably give a harvest, then stop fruiting. On the one hand it is convenient, but they do not grow long, making room in the greenhouse for other crops.↑ back to content ↑
With limited branching
More preferable for greenhouses, their fruiting is more stretched. This type has several subspecies.↑ back to content ↑
With self-regulation of branching
What is interesting about this subtype? I consider these cucumbers the best for those summer residents who do not have the opportunity to often come to the country. That is, you collected the harvest, poured everything - left for a week. While you are absent, they grow up to a certain size, that is, practically, do not outgrow themselves, limit the growth of shoots, the growth of fruits. The best of them are hybrids - Buyan. F1, Boy with finger F1, Matryoshka F1, Farmer F1, Marina Grove F1, Clean ponds F1.↑ back to content ↑
With moderate branching of lateral shoots
They can be grown on vertical trellises. These are hybrids of a long period of fruiting. Good for growing in greenhouses, as it will not be all her braided shoots. Great popularity is enjoyed - Ant F1, Grasshopper F1, Mazai F1. This is the best of cucumbers with a moderate branching of shoots..
With a weak branching of lateral shoots
Weak branching does not mean any shortcoming. These are the earliest cucumbers, but for someone it is the best, important criterion - the crop can be harvested after a month. Up to 6 plants can be placed on 1 square meter. Plant them best in a greenhouse, on a warm patch. These include hybrids Cupid F1, Bouquet F1, Regina-Plus F1.↑ back to content ↑
With active branching
These are varieties with powerful lashes. They are better to grow in the open ground, but not on the trellis. The best of this type of cucumber is Phoenix, Phoenix-640.
I hope this article will help you to understand the many varieties or hybrids, their kinds. And, when buying seeds, you will already know exactly what information on the sachet of seeds is worth paying attention to, what to plant, what to expect from the future harvest.
I now always know what cucumbers I will buy. I do not know the names in advance. But I know with what qualities I need plants.
For example, I know that I need a variety or a hybrid for open cultivation for growing. These qualities are possessed by cucumbers with active branching Phoenix, or Phoenix Plus, or Phoenix 640.
I definitely want to have cucumbers self-pollinated parthenocarpic, very early for the greenhouse. The hybrid Masha F1 corresponds to these requirements. Harvest is always high, cucumbers tied with a bundle. Are good in salads, in conservation, small size. Do not really like that this hybrid with a moderate branching of lateral shoots, so it requires a formation. But the amount of harvest, high taste, resistance to the most common diseases with interest overlap this shortcoming. Actually, this is not a flaw, just this property requires increased attention during the growth and formation of shoots. In addition, it is very important that this hybrid is practically not susceptible to the most dangerous cucumber diseases - cladosporium, cucumber mosaic viru, owdery mildew, relatively resistant to downy mildew..
For me, these are the best varieties of cucumbers-we have been planting them for years. Plus I still choose one or two varieties, a hybrid. Be sure to pay attention to the appointment (salad, salted, universal), maturity (early or not), resistance to diseases, ability to pollination (self-pollinated, bee-dusted), species branching..