Characteristics dishwashers impressive - 18 liters of water and 1.5 kWh of energy 12 sets dishes. That's a lot or a little? European table set standard type consists of 11 items. How to suggest a talented authors from the pages of the Internet, it is composed of: three plates and spoon, knife, fork, cup, cup and saucer. 11H12 = 132 - more than a hundred items of 30 cents, if converted to dollars utilities. Condensation drying in the dishwasher, in addition refers to the energy-saving technologies.
The benefits are obvious:
- The process is automated from beginning to end;
- The cost is low;
- Respect for the container.
90 detergent tablets sellers are asked to 800 rubles, the only things missing to complete the work cycle, from loading dirty instruments and ending with delivery of clean and dry tableware. Tablet destroys unpleasant odors, reduces the hardness of the water reduces the surface tension of the droplets for fast drying, copes with most pollution.
There are restrictions on:
- dishes of precious metals;
- cracked plate;
- most plastic and wooden products.
When installing items in the dishwasher observe basic requirements. Items securely placed to the baskets and trays. Each cycle ends with drying. Most models refuses to shut down without removing the droplets from the plates and cups.
Dishwashers are available in three versions (height, width, depth):
- Full-length (85, 60, 60).
- Narrow (85, 45, 60).
- Compact (45, 55.5, 46).
These groups with defined dimensions. Manufacturers adhere to the established rules. Without leaving your home, assess the space and think about where to put a new dishwasher.
International Classifications evaluate the dishwasher in three planes:
- Power consumption.
- washing class.
- drying quality.
The first parameter is estimated to be consumed kWh. Range extends from A +++ (less than 50) to D (above 90). Other valued group marked with the letters A to G. Class of drying in the dishwasher valued special index ID. For example, for models, designed for 8 or more devices, the parameter is greater than 1.08, for the other - 0,86.
Every Liter is assigned the following value range:
- more than 1.08;
- 0,86 — 1,08;
- 0,69 — 0,86;
- 0,55 — 0,69;
- 0,44 — 0,55;
- 0,33 — 0,44;
- less than 0.33.
The lower limit of the range here is not included. These figures, evaluating the effectiveness of the dishwasher drying, say little person view, not devoted to the intricacies of the calculation of the parameter. In light of this fact to the procedure proposed briefly available.
Drying efficiency index
For the calculation of the parameter uses the fictitious reference dishwasher with certain characteristics. The European Union promises to regularly update the public counting method in the Official Journal, and constantly required to indicate the product of mathematical numbers operation.
In tests carried out at least five measurements. Logarithm of index ln (ID) is calculated by summing the logarithm of the ratio of elementary drying efficiency for each measurement series. The numerator is the test parameters of the product, and the denominator - the reference. The resulting sum is divided by the number of tests.
The resultant ratio calculated erection of e (the base of natural logarithm, 2.71828182 ...) to the power ln (ID). It is easy to notice that the drying of the dishwasher, does not differ from the reference, received an index of 1.
Do not be afraid of complexity of calculations. The drying takes a value 0 - 2, selected from a table describing the results of the operation. The larger the number, the better the efficiency.
Evaluating subject amount wet stains and traces left behind after drying. When leaving the dishwasher dry plates at 100% is assigned a value of 2. Occurrence of drip or not more than 2 tracks the total area in the range 50 mm2, drying efficiency dropped to 1. Appliances with the worst performance is assessed 0.
Since it is impossible to divide by zero, the drying efficiency of the dishwasher reference is not zero, in contrast to the test samples, and are assigned lower ratings. The standard does not provide a specific value (but they say that the search for better information in the Official Journal), need not be an integer. The implication is that the value of the drying efficiency of the reference dishwasher will serve as a unit. In fact it can be easily explained. Parameter measurement standards are called units:
- Meter - a unit of length;
- second - unit of time;
- decibel - A unit volume.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that, unlike the class of energy consumption, which literally improve indefinitely, placing a plus sign after the letter A, the drying rate index is no longer a fixed value and quite attainable ideal, above which rise already impossible. In this case, the reference index of drying machine fit in efficiency class B. It is easy to see from the previous section information.
Now that you understand how to count mysteriously sounding parameter index drying efficiency and determine the product class, it's time to move on to consider how designers implement theory into practice.
Dishwasher is equipped with a drying views:
Species listed in increasing energy consumption. Condensation dryer passes through semi-natural. Moisture evaporates on their own, going on the heat exchanger or the inner walls of the chamber. Drops trickle down the drain. Condensation drying process delays to a maximum power consumption close to zero.
Visible processes does not occur from the outside it looks as if the dishwasher has finished, but does not turn off. In fact, just the equipment waits for plates dry out.
Active drying is based on the circulation of air. Wet hot flushes rise upward path includes a heat exchanger where the droplets are deposited on the cold channel walls, and the air under the influence of natural processes falls down through the pipe and re-enters the drying.
the minimum energy required to remove the resulting heat consumption slightly increased. Active drying golden mean act in the dishwasher. This reduces the time for a complete cycle.
The last mode is considered a forced air dishes. It is known that the wind dries faster, the moisture is carried away by passing a stream. Turbosushka dishwasher minimizes cycle of additional power consumption costs. This option is indispensable when maximum speed is required.
Despite the variety of design implementations dryers, dishwashers, separate class for each type is not provided. Each manufacturer decides independently how to raise efficiency. Active and condensing drying may be assigned to Class B, along with the equipment Turbo. Presumably values at the same time at different ends of the range, but the standard does not provide specific figures bring, to distinguish the product in this respect is difficult.
Besides drying performance of dishwashers characterized sinks and power class. Resultant abbreviation consists of three letters, for example, AAA. By the way, this feature will not only feature dishwashers. It is also marked, and other home appliances.
We can not say that the size of the dishwasher is uniquely determined by the type of drying, but it is obvious that a large interior space of the dishes harder to dry. Since the volume of compact models is relatively small, equipped with sophisticated technical means difficult.
Like most appliances dishwashers produce free-standing and embedded. In the latter case, the device put inside the cabinet, door covered with mind cycled section is not different from the environment.
Dishwashers built with Turbosushkoy company BEKO resemble the nightstand, which is easy to slide under the table. Find different designs for nooks in the kitchen, choose the appropriate one.
Most models refers to the AAA class, the most effective. Further progress is possible to optimize energy consumption, there is every manufacturer is trying to do the impossible in order to reduce user costs on utility bills. In contrast, drying dishes dry class limited output duty cycle.
Select the device, based on scientific considerations. Efficiency class now calculate yourself!