Since the XVIII century, Russian farmsteads were adorned with colorful Pavlov chickens. The almost extinct breed, the description and photo of which can be viewed below, is again gaining popularity among poultry farmers..
Table of contents
- Description of the ex-terrier
- Disadvantages of the exterior
- Historical reference
- Pavlovian cocks
- Species of breed, photo
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Production characteristics
- Breed assignment
- The weight
- Features of the content
- Coop or paddock
- Housing arrangement
- Diet and diet
- Care for chickens
- Reviews of poultry farmers
Description of the ex-terrier
- Headloose, rounded, small.
- Pappuscompressed from all sides, looks like a helmet, a curl.
- Around the eyes and cheeksprotruding feathers, going down under the beak they form a beard and tanks. There is a tight collar over the entire length of the neck.
- Comb and lobessmall, underdeveloped. The base of the crest is next to the parietal part, located across the head.
- Beakstraight or slightly curved, thin, with a nasal septum prominent from the side. The nostrils are uplifted. It can be pink, yellow, black and blue.
- Eyesyellow or black. Slightly bulging. Medium size.
- Pavlov's chickens in appearance remindpheasants. The case is horizontal, compact, massive, compressed. The back is of medium length.
- Plumagepatchy, mottled. At the beginning and end of the feathers are black. The middle is white or golden in color. There are black-and-white, silvery, black-golden, fawn, white colors of Pavlovian hens.
- Tailfluffy, elegant. Raised up by a fan.
- Wingswell developed. Flight feathers tightly pressed to the body, sometimes protruding beyond the contours of the wing.
- LegsThey are feathered from the outer and inner sides. On the shins "hawk clone" ("hawk patella") - bent at the ends of feathers elongated in the form of spurs.
- Four fingers are feathered with small feathers.Pawsdark, blue-black colors.
Disadvantages of the exterior
A bird at an exhibition is rejected if:
- Excessivefinesseor lack of feathers on the legs.
- OutsiderColourin color.
- Fifthfingeron the foot.
- Excessive size or absencebeard.
- Large sprawlingcrest.
- Leg colorinadequate to the basic.
Crested chickens with unusual plumage and "capercaillie" legs were struck at the end of the XVIII traveler P. FROM. Pallas, who saw them in the village of Pavlovo, Nizhny Novgorod province.
In the year before last at agricultural exhibitionsPavlovsky chickens were more than once recognized as "royal"and received the status of the best national breed. However, by the end of the XIX century interest in decorative birds disappeared, and after the revolution the Pavlovian breed disappeared altogether.
Only in the 80s of the last century attempts were made to revive the standard Pavlovian bird. As a result of the crossing of Dutch breeds, Sultan, Faverley and la-fresh breeders have achieved the desired result..
According to the constitution, the color is the same as the chickens, onlysigns of gender.
- Eyesblack, brown, cherry.
- Lushcollaron the neck.
- Cheststronger than the females puffed forward.
- Tapered to the tailback.
- Large, full, verticaltailwith long, wide, curved caudal tail.
- Plusg short, all shades of gray. Spurs long, developed.
Species of breed, photo
The catalog highlightstwo subspecies:Pavlovian silver and Pavlovian golden.
The predominant color of the pen is white.
Golden-brown plumage. At the end of the feather, the brown color turns into black, forming a fringing that turns from the tuft, neck to shoulders, back and waist to form the letter V. External protective tail feathers and down wings have a spotted coloring. The feathers of the first order wings are brown on the inside, with a golden hue, and the outer ones are dark..
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the advantagespoultry farmers call decorativeness, unpretentiousness, low feed intake, a high percentage of young animals, early ripeness, good taste qualities of eggs and meat.
Disadvantages:the danger of buying chickens of doubtful breed, a relatively low productivity..
Refer toearly maturing decorative group. However, given the rather high egg-laying, fatness, high preservation of young animals and hatchability, it can be conditionally defined as meat-egg breed.
Diluted on farms, household plots, rural farmsteads. Characteristics of the breed and feedback from farmers can be viewed below.
Chickensdo not belong to giants. Petushki gain weight, kg. Adult cocks reach -3 kg. Chickens - 2 kg. The meat is delicious, tender.
The indicator is average.A year from Pavlovsky chickens receive from 150 to 300 eggs. The shell color is white, creamy, beige. The weight of the oblong egg is 50-65 g.
Chickens have a developed maternal instinct. The preservation of chickens, thanks to the care of the mammals, exceeds 90%. Poultry farmers often use Pavlovian chickens to incubate chicks of other breeds.
Pavlovsky chickens are active, mobile, like to run. Distinctivebehavioral trait- fussiness, the ability to fly over obstacles changing the direction of flight.
Roosters are distinguished by cockiness. Despite the belligerence of the males, the chickens get along well with other breeds of birds - ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowls..
Trustful and friendly towards people. Tied to the hen house, do not try to escape.
Features of the content
Coop or paddock
Birds are unpretentious. Thanks to rich, dense feathering, high motor activitywithstand frostin unheated, sheltered from the wind. But the optimal is the availability of a spacious, warm, equipped chicken coop.
Poorly tolerate cells, limited space. Due to natural mobility, chickens need regular walks.
In summer, the stay in the shed is reduced to a minimum, leaving the entire daylight hours on the yaw.
The coop should have an area of at least 3 m², a height of up to 2 m.window presence.
The wall is made with a heated door. At an altitude of about 80 cm fill roosts. Nests (35x35x30 cm) are fixed on the walls, put on the floor, spread from the inside with hay or straw. The floor is warmed with hay, straw, sawdust.
Feeders are periodically washed. Better if they have legs, then the chickens will have less food to spread out.
Diet and diet
Chickens favorably differ from meat and egg-meat breedslow feed intake, undemanding to the diet. In the summer they peck green, worms, insects.
In winter they switch totraditional diet:grain, wet poultry, mixed fodder, bran, vitamin supplements. With the correct feeding per one bird of the Pavlovian breed, only 50 g of mixed fodder is consumed per day.
In winter, a third of the diet should be a solid feed. The rest is a pouch.
The daily ration of Pavlovian laying hens must include: grain, juicy vegetable mixtures, feed of animal origin, mineral supplements.
Chickens from which it is planned to receive eggs for breeding young animals and hens should receive protein foods, vitamin complexes.
Protein feeds includeMeat, meat, fishmeal. Whole and skimmed milk, curd, yogurt. Vegetable products are legumes and flour from them, meals, cakes, yeast, nettle.
Pavlovsky chickensin the early daysfed with cottage cheese, hard-boiled eggs, mixed with wheat, corn kernels or boiled millet.On the third daybegin to feed fresh alfalfa, clover, nettle, boiled potatoes, carrots.
From the fifth dayyoung animals should receive wet and dry mesocarpas, milk and animal feed, green leaf, carrots, tops, coniferous and grassy flour, yeast.
Chickens' chickens should be filled by the end of the day.
From the variety and balance of feed depends the rate of growth and safety of chicks.
The chicks are fed on a tray.Put drinkers with warm milk or clean water at room temperature.
When chickens do not have the ability to get pasture food adhere topower mode:
- Feed3-4 times a day.
- In the morningbirds get a third of cereals, after a couple of hours - a wet mash.
- In the eveningfall asleep the remaining rate of grain.
Care for chickens
Pavlovskychickens fluffy, quickly feathers. At birth, spotted, dark. Growing feathers are golden, silvery with speckles of black color.
For the breeding of chickens, eggs weighing 60 g are collected.Chickens are taken out under a brood hen or in an incubator.
Pavlovsky hens are caring hens. They independently heat the chickens, cover them. They are learning to look for food, make sure that the chicks are not lost.
For hatchery chicks enclose a special place. Install heating appliances: reflectors, electric lamps from 100 to 150 watts, special heating pads.
- 1-5 daytemperature + 30 ° C.
- 6-10 daysthe temperature should be reduced to + 26 ° C.
- From the 10th dayWeekly reduce the temperature by 3 ° C to + 18 ° C.
The thermometer in a room for young animals is suspended in a half meter from the floor.
When supercooled, they lose their appetite, gather at the source of heat, climb on top of each other, jostle, trample on the weak.
Overheating can be seen by the open beaks. Nestlings drink more often, dissolve wings, lie, refuse to feed.
Pavlovsky Chickensresistant to diseases, colds.Due to the consumption of a large amount of green feed in the summer have strong immunity. Poultry farmers with a large livestock vaccinate chickens from diseases of Marek, Newcastle and Gambor.
Not the most expensive breed of chickens. The price of chicken is 300-500 rub. The cost of adult elite birds from 500 rubles.
Reviews of poultry farmers.
And what kind they are heartfelt, when I go to them, then I have to pat them all, talk, pokokoshat with them about life, a very interesting breed. So beauty and soulfulness in one bottle. Poultry Forum
Good breed! It is necessary to support the poultry farmers who grow this breed of chickens in order not to lose the legacy of their ancestors. Informational portal Rosselkhoz
With regard to the characteristics of care, then, despite the unpretentiousness of attention to yourself, this bird, like any other livestock, of course, requires. Business and agriculture
By their economic qualities, chickens do not differ from birds of other breeds. It's just a kind of beautiful flower garden, transferred to my house. And sometimes it's nice to realize that you can admire the creation of old masters of the past. Bird carrying golden eggs.
They are alreadynot bred on an industrial scale. Most of the Pavlovian chickens can be found in private farms of enthusiasts for the revival of the native breed..