Apple tree is a fruitful tree. Gardeners love these trees, because they are unpretentious in the care and generous to harvest. Only through due care can you get good results. After harvesting, it is worth picking the right fertilizers and providing apples with minerals and vitamins for the next season. Next, we talk about how to properly feed and fertilize the apple trees in the autumn after fruiting.
Table of contents
- Why appleapple in the fall?
- When it is better to feed young trees
- How to fertilize the apple tree in the fall?
- Organic products in September and October
- Introduction of mineral fertilizers
- Foliar top dressing in the autumn period
- Root mixtures
- How to fertilize folk remedies
Why appleapple in the fall?
It is a mistake to believe that in the fall period after the harvest, there is no need for fertilizers. In autumn, a tree, whether apple, pear or plum, needs to be restored after the growing season. Adding apple trees during the rest period is of great importance. This will help prepare the apple tree for winter.
Before you feed, you should water the trees well, so as not to damage the root system.Young plants should be fertilized very carefully.Not all mixtures can come up, some can even harm a fragile horse system.
Top-dressing will help achieve the following goals:
- trees will carry a freeze more easily;
- in the spring trees need nutrients that can be contained in fertilizers;
- will help the protein-carbohydrate synthesis that occurs inside the plant;
- the exact dosage of complex mixtures will give trees the substances they need.
When it is better to feed young trees
Feeding will help strengthen the plant, prepare it for wintering. The timing of the application is from the end of August, so that the apple trees can absorb vitamins and minerals before the frost. This will help the tree to bear fruit for the coming season
Roots will not quickly absorb nutrients.To assimilate the necessary substances from top dressing, apple trees will take about a month.Therefore, in August, when the land is still warm, the trees will be able to get the right substances for wintering..
How to fertilize the apple tree in the fall?
The condition of the soil depends on the type of feeding chosen. First, the soil acidity level is determined. The reason for a poor harvest may be excessive acidity or alkalinity of the soil.
To neutralize the high level of acidity, wood ash, dolomite flour, hydrated lime, chalk is added to the soil.This will help improve the condition of the soil in the root zone. With a high concentration of alkali in the soil, peat and sawdust are used.
Organic products in September and October
In gardening, organic mixtures are often used. They can be added together with basic fertilizers.
Slurry is recommended to introduce into the soil in late September or early October. To create a mixture, take a container (barrel). Fill it with 1/3 manure, then top up with water. You must insist for three days, periodically mixing the mixture. The resulting solution is diluted with water (in the ratio: if the bird droppings are taken 0). Such a lodging is watered by the near-bottom circle or hole.
Manure is taken with the straw bedding, but it is possible without it. Such a fertilizer should be used only after full lapping.Do not use fresh manure for fruit trees.Manure rises in temperature during the process of re-entrapment, thereby damaging the roots of the plant.
Mullein is also used as a fertilizer. It is necessary to make a mixture of cow dung and water (in the ratio: 0).
Litter of birds can improve the crowns of apple trees. Fertilizer is used in dry form or in the form of infusion. For the solution mix the droppings of birds with water (in the ratio: 5). You need to insist for a week or ten days.
Ash is rich in useful elements.As a top dressing it is used both in dry form and in diluted.
Peat perfectly absorbs moisture, thereby improving the soil and normalizes its moisture absorption..
Introduction of mineral fertilizers
Phosphorus and potash fertilizers are also used in autumn to feed fruit trees.They are beneficial after the growing season.Produced by chemical means and include useful substances for plants and soil. Mineral fertilizers are more concentrated.
Potash funds are introduced in the fall, so that by the spring they have managed to assimilate. They contribute to an increase in the yield of the tree, its growth and improvement of the taste qualities of the fruit. For young apples, fertilizer will help strengthen.
Phosphate fertilizers are great for strengthening the root system of young trees. They also play an important role in the formation of fruits.Phosphoric fertilizers do not dissolve in water, so they should be introduced when digging a stump or through a well.
Foliar top dressing in the autumn period
With this method, fertilizers are sprayed onto the leaves of the trees, and not under the root. Sheet plates are able to quickly absorb and assimilate useful substances. The effect can be observed already on the third day, but it will last only three weeks.
Such fertilizers are applied when the plant needs to urgently give the missing nutrient element.It is recommended to carry out foliar mixtures regularly (2 times per season). The first time - with the formation of leaves; second time - when the apple blossoms.
Foliar top dressing should dissolve in water
When topping potassium, apply 1% solution of potassium sulfate.
Complex preparations are also used as foliar top dressing. For example, Stimovit. It consists of humus substances, potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, as well as the necessary elements (copper, zinc, manganese).
Fertilizer is not applied to the trunk, but within a radius of 50 cm from it. There will be thin working processes of roots, effectively absorbing fertilizer.
Sprinkle the trees with a 2% solution of copper sulfate to prevent rot, scab. Fertilizer is brought into the depths of the dug trunks. After the soil is mulched with peat, dry leaf, sawdust or needles.
How to fertilize folk remedies
- Yeast feeding.They are able to improve the growth and development of young apple trees. When watering the stems of the trunk, a solution of live yeast is used. To create a solution you need to dissolve in warm water (9 l), kg of yeast and three glasses of sugar. The resulting solution is insisted for a week. Before using yeast mash diluted with water in a ratio, l to 10 liters of water. Each apple tree consumes 2-3 liters of the mixture.
- Top dressing with ashes.Mix 2 kg of ash and 10 liters of water. The mixture is insisted for 24 hours and in dry weather is introduced into the soil. For each apple, 2-3 liters of the mixture.
- Manganese solution.Has a healthy effect on plants, disinfects and promotes the good development of roots. Once a month, the solution is poured into the trunks.
Quality care and caring for fruit trees yields results. The gardener will wait for the reward for his labors: in the spring the garden will be pleased with the beautiful flowering, and in the summer and autumn there will be a good harvest of ripe fruits in the garden..