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Attached equipment for motoblocks has always been of special interest for masters of self-builders. A simple and at the same time universal device of the power unit of medium and heavy motoblocks allows creating several types of mounted implements. And this means that all these relatively simple devices will make a motoblock, a real competitor to a modern tractor.
Homemade attachments for motoblocks
For medium and large-capacity motor blocks, suppliers and manufacturers now offer a huge number of attachments and attachments that provide mechanization for many operations. However, despite such attractive offers and ready-made variants of delivery of kits, many owners prefer to make hinged equipment for the motoblock with their own hands. And the reason is not that homemade products are cheaper. Far from it, if you take the cost of materials, then this is absolutely not the case. The problem lies in another. The handmade inventory for the motoblock, it is in the majority universally matched to its qualitative parameters, tools that meet the needs of a particular person.
This approach to the formation of a fleet of agricultural machinery makes it possible to take into account in the design and assembly of inventory all possible features of both the site and the owner.
The developed equipment for the unit is conventionally divided into equipment:
- universal purpose;
- narrowly specialized direction;
- The auxiliary equipment and devices, allowing to simplify the management of the motor-block.
The universal means include, first of all, adapters and all sorts of trailers that make a motoblock universal transport platform both for the transport of goods, and as a convenient transport facilities. Individual models of motoblocks are able to reach speeds of up to 25 km per hour. Although the comfort of the mini tractor is still far away, but no longer have to walk.
Narrowly specialized types of equipment are most often intended for a total of 1 or a maximum of 2 operations. However, this is exactly the most demanded from the point of view of consumer qualities tools for quality soil cultivation, maintenance of crops, fodder harvesting and even construction. In part, it should be noted that among the special-purpose self-made items, relatively simple types of tools prevail - plows, cutters, hillers. This is something that can be made from improvised materials and with the help of the simplest power tool. But more complex elements are made with the help of aggregates from other equipment.
And, of course, what makes control easier - a counterweight to a motor-block, weighting wheels and anti-slip chains all this allows you to work with the unit all year round.
Homemade for motoblock
The question of how to begin to design hinged equipment for motoblocks is quite reasonable. The fact is that almost all motor blocks are equipped with trailing devices, a factory sample, designed to use standard types of equipment. It is necessary to clarify, at the same time that it is the standard equipment that does not satisfy the customers' requests - The towing systems are too delicate and fragile when used in harsh conditions operation.
For domestic motoblock trailers are mainly made of steel welded, but for mass Chinese production is mainly cast iron, or an alloy of metals. It is clear that for one body plow, even the most powerful adapter of cast iron can not stand.
Therefore, the first thing that needs to be created is that it is hooked to the motoblock with its own hands for the plow. Here, the basis of the design is better to adopt a standard scheme - the adapter is a hinge with the possibility of fixing the plow in different positions, which is especially convenient for plowing small plots, when a plow is used with both left and right heap.
The adapter itself is recommended to be made with the possibility of fixation not only in the vertical, but also in the horizontal planes with the help of lanyards and bolted connections.
This option will help to use it for plowing, and for hilling, and for installing a seat adapter for a mower or rake for turning hay on haymaking.
Universal trailer to motoblock
The presence of the trailer provides mobility, because it's one thing to drive a motorbike with already installed units, another, when a plow, a milling cutter or a potato planter is simply loaded onto the trailer and transported by the motoblock.
Calculate the parameters of the trailer equipment for the motor-block should be based on its capacity, the principle here is simple - 1 liter. from. means the possibility of transporting 100 kg of payload on a trolley. The simplest and most reliable is the uniaxial trailer with a load on the central axis. And although the load capacity of this trailer is small, only up to 500 kg, this is enough to install a seat on the trailer and drive the motor-block sitting on the trailer.
The most difficult thing here is to pick up the necessary components. It is easiest to use finished parts. For example, a hub for a motoblock with its own hands is made from automobile, for cars. This allows the use of standard car wheels and tires for equipment of the unit. On the other hand, the hub from the VAZ classic is perfect for making other useful homemade products, such as grousers, winches, weighting wheels.
For the trailer, a rectangular tube structure is mainly used, but both the channel and the I-beam can be used as the frame base. It is better to provide the sides for the trailer with removable ones. It is preferable to immediately provide for the possibility of installing several types of boards on the platform:
- wooden or metal for transportation of bulk cargo;
- light, mesh for harvesting green mass for animals;
- folding, with the possibility of increasing the useful area for the transport of hay.
But in order to be comfortable to navigate on the roads it is worth making wings on the motor-block. If possible, install mud flaps on them immediately. After all, not all roads have asphalt and hard surface.
A motor vehicle with a trailer can be called a vehicle according to the legislation, it is impossible today, but this does not mean that the trailer should not be equipped with light-signaling means.
It is imperative to install at least 4 retro-reflective elements on the trailer - 2 red in the back and 2 white in front. This will help the driver determine the wagon in the dark.
Soil cultivation tools - plow and plow for the motoblock with their own hands
Before you make a hitch on the motoblock for tillage, you should decide what is more important and prioritize the issue of the site's processing technique. For large areas used for planting potatoes, root crops, cereals, the optimal option would be a plow for a motor block with their own hands. Make it easier and easier. But for the beds for vegetable crops, to process the strips between the rows of the garden or the final treatment for planting, it is better to make a cutter. This will greatly facilitate further work.
With the ready coupling on the motor-block the most difficult in the manufacture of the plow is its shape. The body has a complex shape for molding and therefore it is better to make a plow of several components. The coulter for the motoblock with its own hands is better made of steel. A great effort that this element will experience should not lead to its deformation. Moreover, it is the vomer that is responsible for the depth of lowering the plow.
The plow of the plow should be the most solid metal. This is the part of the plow that cuts into the ground and cuts it into a layer. Strength and strength of this element will allow to work with the plow both in the conditions of the cultivated arable land, and do preliminary processing of the virgin soil. Despite the complexity of the design of the blade, it is quite easy to make. For a curved blade, it is better to take an already prepared round or oval shape. From it, according to the drawing, make a dump. Jugs for this usually use large pipes from 350 mm in diameter or gas cylinders. The blade is almost perfect in shape.
One of the questions about how to make a plow for a motoblock will be the manufacture of a field board - a stabilizing element for a plow that sets the direction of its movement when working on a plowed field.
SoHo with your own hands for the motoblock as well as the plow is assembled from several elements. However, to use the plow in the cultivation of the soil, it is better to provide a heap of reinforcement, so that during the treatment the soil is loosened as much as possible while turning the formation. In the design of the plow, it is better not to provide a frontal blade, but a double-sided blade with reinforcing bars.
Cutter for motoblock own hands
Attachments for a motor block in the form of a dredger can be used mainly for light and medium aggregates. For heavy models with a separate power take-off mechanism and transmission of torque to the trailing units for the motor block, the chain cutters will be optimal.
The simplest milling cutters for loosening the soil can be four segment saber milling cutters. Structurally, such a milling cutter is a pipe on which saber cutters are rigidly placed. For medium and light units, the semi-axles for the motor block are collapsible. So you can adjust the width and speed of tillage. If two segments are installed on each side of the reducer, the processing speed is much higher. True, the width in this case will be small. For semi-axes of two or even four elements, the grip width can be increased up to, meter.
Mounted units for the motor block with their own hands are made from a profile pipe. The profile is easier to install on the gearbox. Yes, and articulate them when building much easier and easier.
Simply insert them into each other and secure with studs. Semiaxes for motoblock with their own hands are made of a square or hexagonal pipe with thick walls. For 1 set of milling cutters you will need:
- pipes for the body of the semi-axis with a wall thickness of -3 mm in length of 50-80 cm;
- for connecting segments of a pipe of smaller diameter 50-60 cm in length;
- 8 saber elements for the working organ;
- clamps on semiaxes - 4 pieces;
The mills themselves are recommended to be made of steel strip thickness of 5 mm or more. The best solution for making mills is the use of forged metal. In this case, the strength is higher and there is no need to often sharpen the tool. It is recommended to use the drawings of the most successful models - saber, curved or cutters with a triangular pointed element - in the development of the shape of the milling cutter for the motor block.
Disc harrow for motoblock
One of the most popular types of attachments for a motor block during the care of plants in the summer is a cultivator. You can make a polisher for a motoblock with your own hands:
- According to the example of a classic cultivator in the form of a trailed ripper;
- in the form of disk hillers, used to treat root crops.
The processing technology involves the passing of a motor block between two rows of crops or when using a multi-hull cultivator of three or even four rows.
Ripper stumper can have several types of tools installed in one casing:
- two two-plate plow-flat cutter;
- 2 disc harrows for formation of ridges;
- two discs for plant protection.
Disks of plant protection for the motor block by their own hands are usually made of sheet steel. Depending on the purpose of the device, to which they will be applied, their diameter is calculated. For mills, usually the diameter is less than the cutters by 5-7 cm, and for the cultivator they must be 30-35 cm in diameter. Just during the milling of a site, plants usually have a small height. But the cultivation is carried out when the plants reach significant growth, and their breakdown at this stage may result in the loss of vegetable culture.
Disks of medium size can be universal, with a diameter of 20-25 cm. In this case, it is necessary to provide a universal type of attachment to each of the types of attachments.
Auxiliary equipment for motoblock
Among the necessary improvements in the motoblock in the form of attachments, it is recommended that, in addition to the above, the following elements:
- wheels with grousers for working on loose soil;
- hinged scoop-blade for snow removal.
For the construction of the wheels used as propulsion units of the motoblock on the plowed field, wheels with rubber tires are used. How to make wheels for a motoblock with grousers yourself will be prompted by experience and ability to work with finished structures, for example, with steel wheels from car wheels.
For this you need:
- 2 steel wheels from the car;
- corners 25x25 cm;
- electric welding;
- tape measure and pencil.
The corner is cut into segments of 35-40 cm. The rims of the disk are divided into equal segments. It is best if they are 8 or 10. The marks are made and the corners are welded in places of marks.
The self-propelled lift for a motoblock should be made from a piece of pipe with a diameter of 100 mm. The lift itself is made in the form of a roller on the bracket. It, if necessary, changes its position and makes it possible to raise the motor-block on the support. In the normal position, the lift shaft is in front of the unit and is used as a support roller for overcoming ditches and ruts.
A bucket for a motoblock with your own hands is recommended to be assembled in case you plan to use it as a snow plow.
The bucket can be made:
- of sheet metal with a thickness of -2 mm;
- Hard plastic with a knife at the bottom of the metal strip;
- from plywood thickness of 8-10 mm or OSB plate 10-12 mm.
The bucket is rigidly fixed on the frame of the motoblock. For ease of operation, it is possible to make a rotary device for changing the angle of inclination of the cutting plane to the road surface.
To make the bucket work for a long time, a support ski is placed on the bracket ahead. This will make the cleaning more safe. The cutting surface will be at a certain height above the ground and do not touch the ground.
Improve your home mototechnics to your requirements can be without great expense. After all, attachments to the motor-block can be assembled independently, all done with their own hands.