Sweet cherry is in every garden, so every owner chooses for himself those varieties that are most to his liking.If you are interested in delicious, fragrant and large berries, then the sweet heart of a bull is a good option. That is why it is worth talking about this variety in the most detail, the description and characteristic of which is given below..
Table of contents
- Description of the sweet cherry varieties Bullish heart
- Fruit characteristics
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Planting and care
- Growing conditions
- Features of the variety
- Diseases and pests
Description of the sweet cherry varieties Bullish heart
Trees are medium-sized, the crown is pyramidal, compressed, of medium density. The shoots are straight and even, light brown in color. Inflorescences on two or three flowers. The leaves are very rich in green color.
Ripening occurs around the first half of June.And vegetable farmers are advised to harvest at once. Since prolonged presence of cherries on the tree can lead to the appearance of cracks in the berries.
Immediately after planting, the tree grows rapidly and grows. By 4-5 years, it begins to bear fruit and somewhat slows its growth.
The variety is frost-resistant.It normally tolerates winter with temperature -20degrees Celsius.With this fruit buds and the wood itself, nothing will happen. If the indicators on the thermometer fall significantly lower - 20 degrees, the tree can get stressed and not bear fruit for one year. That is why in places with severe winters, it is not necessary to plant a cherry heart.
Many cherries, which are grown on the territory of Russia, do not have the ability to self-pollination. Among them is Bull's Heart. Therefore, to get a full crop, you need to plant several trees in one place, otherwise the tree will give a very small percentage of the ovaries, usually no more than 10%. Pollinators for each other may be different grades, but it is necessary that the timing when they bloom, coincide.
The fruits are large and beautiful. The average weight of one berry is 7-8 grams. In form, as is clear from the title,The cherry resembles the heart of a bull.The skin is smooth and shiny. When the berry ripens, it takes on a purple-red color, almost black.
Flesh is dark red color, dense consistency, juicy and saturated to taste. If you assess the taste of berries - definitely five with a plus.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any variety has its advantages and disadvantages. Let's consider them in detail later in the article.
Positive qualities of sweet cherries bullish heart:
- highsustainabilityto various kinds of diseases;
- beautifultaste qualities;
- ability to eat fresh, andcanned, juice, jam or jam;
- high resistance to low temperatures and frosts;
- good crop yields.
Negative qualities of the variety:
- after harvest fruitquickly deteriorate, so they should be immediately processed;
- under certain weather conditionsberries can crack, for example, if long lasting wet weather is replaced by dry and hot gusts of wind.
Since the fruits themselves are large and juicy, they are even poorly stored in the refrigerator. For such berries you need to constantly monitor so that they do not deteriorate. And it is better to pick cherries if necessary and immediately to process them..
Planting and care
Cherry shows a high resistance to a decrease in temperature, soIt can be planted in spring and autumn.But still it is worth giving preference to spring. After all, this will allow the tree to live well in a new place under favorable conditions.
When choosing the site of the planting of the seedling, it is worth remembering that the sweet cherry loves light and warmth, and does not tolerate drafts. Therefore, the southern side of the land plot is the best option..
Soil must be fertile and water-permeable. In order not to damage the root system of the seedling, the sewage must be deeper, m from the surface of the earth.For this variety loamy and sandy loam soil is best suited.If the land is bogged, do not plant the tree.
Planting seedlings is recommended not closer to each other than three meters. While the interval between the rows should be about five meters.
Bury the seedling need to gradually, several times shaking it for a good filling of the pit with soil.Make sure that the root neck remains on the surface.At the same time, a dressing gag is installed.
At the final stage of tree planting, it is recommended to water abundantly with at least three buckets of water..
Cherry Bull's heart prefers a moist environment, so special attention is paid to watering the tree. It should be abundant, but not frequent. Once a month will be enough. For a plant just planted, there are three buckets of water, for a mature one - six.
To produce watering the tree you need the whole vegetation period of its growth,from the appearance of the first green and the fall of the last leaf. In this case, special attention is paid to the autumn watering, as the plant needs to be stored with moisture for a whole winter.
After planting, the sapling does not need fertilizing, it needs enough fertilizer, which was used immediately. While in subsequent years it is recommended to use humus previously diluted in water.
As mineral fertilizers it is recommended to use superphosphates and nitrate. Their application should be carried out in extremely small doses and with significant intervals of time.
Ripening of fruits occurs in average terms:under favorable conditions - this is the middle of June, in other cases - the middle of July. Cherries need a lot of light and heat, so that the fruits are well ripe and have their attractive appearance and good taste..
Features of the variety
- berriesdiffer heart-shaped, why the name of the variety has gone;
- you can eat berries in fresh form.They are very juicy and delicious. But the canning fruit also succumbs well. After heat treatment, the cherries acquire a dark red color;
- cherriesallows harvesting of large berries. And there is a certain pattern, the better the soil - the larger the fruit.
Diseases and pests
The bovine heart variety is highly resistant to various kinds of diseases. To protect young seedlings from rodents, it is recommended to wrap its trunk with sacking. Plus, this will allow to warm the plant for the winter period.From the attack of rodents can be protected in the following ways:
- scatter around poisons from rodents;
- tie the trunk with branches of spruce;
- tie the trunk of the seedling with a ruberoid.
Sweet cherry bull heart is very popular. Because its fruits are large, tasty and fragrant. Care of seedlings is not difficult. But herewith the safety of berries after their failure, a problem arises,they need to be processed immediately. Therefore, it is worthwhile to evaluate all the pros and cons before growing such trees..