Autonomous sewage confidently displaces cesspools from the dacha plots and private households. One of the best solutions to the problem of waste disposal is a septic tank Poplar. The device is made in Russia, which, at a relatively moderate price, is of rather high quality.
We propose to understand why the septic tank Topol won popularity among consumers. For objectivity of the assessment, along with the positive aspects of operation, we noted the weaknesses of the treatment plant.
From the presented article you will learn how the unit works and how it works, what are the features of installation and maintenance of a septic tank. In addition, following the practical recommendations, you can choose the appropriate model of the cleaning tank, taking into account the upcoming operating conditions.
The content of the article:
- How does the septic tank "Topol"
- Principle of operation of the device
- Pros and cons of this septic tank
- How to choose a suitable model
- Installation of a septic tank: photo instruction
- Features of operation "Topol"
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
How does the septic tank "Topol"
Externally, septic tanks of this type have a cubic configuration traditional for such devices. The durable plastic tank is covered with a metal lid with holes for ventilation of the device, power supply, etc.
Inside the space is divided into four main compartments through which wastewater circulates.
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Poplar is a sewage station that performs sewage treatment for 95% or more. Chemical, biological and physical natural processes are involved in the processing.
The station building is divided into 4 chambers and is equipped with airlifts for the overflow of sewage during the treatment period from compartment to compartment. Compressors are installed to supply the oxygen required for the life of the aerobes, forcing air into two different chambers.
The body of the sewage station is made of glass fiber reinforced polypropylene, which causes a symbiosis of lightness and strength
The station of high biological cleaning can be established in soil of any type and category. The installation is not affected by the groundwater level.
The strength of the sewage station's hull and the flawless operation of the system allows it to be positioned closer than 4 to 5 m from the foundation
During operation, the sewer station Topol does not emit unpleasant odors, so it can be located near the boundary of the site
Properly connected to the sewer station does not require constant monitoring by the owners. It is enough to conduct a visual inspection once a week.
Every six months, a regular airlift is removed from the stabilizer chamber, the walls and the airlifts themselves are cleaned, the compressor air filter is washed
What is a septic tank Poplar
Technical equipment of the station
Lightweight and durable septic tank
Geological conditions for installation
Distance from the foundation of the house
Device near the border area
Stable performance and ease of maintenance
Cleaning the walls and equipment septic tank
The operation of the Topol septic tank is ensured by two high-quality “Hiblow” compressors manufactured in Japan, which they are distinguished not only by increased reliability, but also by relatively small size compared to domestic analogues.
The deflector and aerator are devices designed to saturate wastewater with air received from the surface.
Filters trap and collect trash that cannot be recycled using bacterial cultures. The movement of wastewater between the individual compartments of the septic tank is carried out with the help of airlifts and overflows.
It should be noted that the device case is made of very durable and environmentally safe homogeneous propylene.
The diagram visually shows the device of the Topol septic tank, which is divided into four main compartments. Stocks circulate through them, moving with airlifts and overflow (+)
High quality septic tanks for cottage with the Poplar logo is provided not only through the use of quality materials and advanced technologies. Before going on sale, the device is tested on special stands, which allows you to immediately diagnose shortcomings and quickly fix them.
The work of septic tanks "Topol" requires a minimum amount of electricity, while they require minimal maintenance, are easy to install and do not freeze in winter (+)
Principle of operation of the device
Septic tanks "Topol", as well as other treatment facilities of this type, work using the principles of biological treatment. It is carried out by introducing inside the sewer capacity of the colony bacterial culturesspecially selected for this purpose.
In the septic tanks "Poplar" are used varieties of aerobic bacteria. For the functioning of these organisms requires constant access to the air, in contrast to anaerobic cultures that can live and develop even in conditions of complete tightness. Microorganisms working in septic tanks are sensitive to the contents of the effluent.
The model range of septic tanks of the Topol brand provides an opportunity to choose a design for the connection of sewer pipes to it at different depths (+)
Aggressive technical fluids, mold, chlorine-containing substances, etc. can affect the number of bacteria. This point should be considered before the start of the septic tank.
The vital activity of aerobic bacteria is also accompanied by the release of a certain amount of heat, which additionally protects the device from hypothermia during the winter cold.
As already mentioned, the device is divided into four main sections. First, the effluents enter the receiving chamber, where they are intensely saturated with air and come into contact with bacterial cultures.
Active aeration is performed using compressors and allows you to immediately solve several problems:
- creates a favorable environment for the successful functioning of aerobic bacteria, which improves the quality and speed of waste treatment;
- crushes the incoming pollution, making the contents of the working environment more homogeneous;
- allows you to separate from the total mass of waste and bring to the surface of the part of recyclable inclusions.
Under the influence of bacterial cultures, the active release of sludge sediment begins, which initially remains in the water in the form of suspended particles. After that, the airlift moves the prepared runoff to the second branch - aero-tank - to continue their processing. Here, silt content is being formed at a more active pace.
For removal of purified water from the septic tank “Poplar” should be created filtration floore or filter well. Water can be used to irrigate a site or fill a decorative pond. This continues the aeration of the working fluid.
With the help of another airlift, the wastewater treated with bacteria enters the third compartment, which is called the sump. As the name implies, the working fluid is here for some time, so that the sludge contained in it accumulates downwards in the form of sediment.
Remaining after settling, the water goes through additional filtration and through overflow enters the fourth compartment, from where it is discharged into the ground or into a separate drive.
If for some reason water cannot be drained from the sump by gravity, for this purpose use drainage pump.
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The liquid component of the effluent separated from the sediment, clarified and disinfected during processing, is easiest to dump into the gutter
A more complex and expensive option is the discharge of treated wastewater into the ground. Before that, it must go through an infiltrator or similar groundwater treatment station.
Depending on the budget and the volume of wastewater, arrange either a few drainage trenches, or a filtration field from a perforated pipe complex with a filtering bed.
If there is no free space on the site for the construction of a horizontally oriented filtering system, absorbing wells are built with a 1 m soil filter instead of bottom.
Collection of clarified water in the ditch
Infiltrators for receiving effluent
Filtration field from the complex of drains
Absorbing Tire Well
The resulting water can be used for irrigation or to meet the technical needs of the site. Although the degree of wastewater treatment using a septic tank “Poplar” is quite high, it is still not recommended to use such water for drinking, cooking, washing or taking a shower.
The resulting neutral sludge is disposed of using airlift in a container provided for these purposes. To do this, periodically use a special hose and the ability to switch the direction of the air flow.
The neutral sludge tank should be cleaned regularly, as well as the collection point for purified water, otherwise the drains in the device can reach the level of overflow. Neutral silt is an excellent fertilizer, it can be simply applied to the soil on the site, thus improving the state of the landscape.
Pros and cons of this septic tank
When comparing the advantages and disadvantages of a septic tank poplar, it can be noted that the former are significantly larger than the latter. Customers who have installed such an autonomous sewer and have been using it for some time, note the reliability of the device, its high quality and stable operation.
Septic “Poplar” looks like an elongated plastic cube with a solid metal cover. The main part of the building is located underground, so the noise from its work is not audible.
The range of septic tanks "Topol" is quite wide, they differ in performance, which allows to satisfy and requests owners of small cottages, and the need of large cottages, and even provide high-quality sewage with small village.
All models of septic tanks manufactured under this brand are delivered almost ready-made, which makes it much easier arrangement of autonomous sewage.
Installation of equipment usually takes one working day, in some cases it may take two days. Exceeding the two-day installation period is extremely rare and is usually associated with the occurrence of abnormal situations.
Installation work is usually carried out with the help of common construction machinery: an excavator that will dig a pit and a mobile crane for gently lowering the tank into this pit.
Septic "Poplar" comes almost in the assembled state, so it is easy to install it yourself. The case of the device is characterized by increased reliability, since it is made of high quality materials
With a very strong desire and the presence of a brigade of fellow builders, the installation of a septic tank “Poplar” can be done even manually, so as not to spend money on renting special equipment. The use of high-quality materials and equipment, as well as the design features of the device, make it almost impervious to corrosion.
Colds to such septic tanks are also not terrible, since the body material has reduced heat-conducting properties, and aerobic bacteria actively release heat energy. All this makes the “Topol” quite resistant even to severe frosts.
Works septic tank, located mainly underground, completely quiet, the process of processing waste is not accompanied by any unpleasant odors.
On the surface there is only a neat cover with a concise design, which practically does not affect the state of the landscape. If desired, this element is not difficult to decorate.
Maintenance of septic tanks "Poplar" is also not particularly difficult. Owners of the device hardly need to invite a team of vacuum trucks.
The lid of the septic tank slightly protrudes above the surface of the soil, it looks neat, so it will not spoil the landscape design of the site and will fit into it organically
Of course, sludge must be removed regularly. It is a substance useful for the soil, which can be safely applied to the soil on the site.
When disposing of this biomass, there will be no problems with the odors characteristic of drains, as it happens in the process of pumping out cesspools. Clean water from biological waste treatment is suitable for watering or washing the machine.
Resourceful owners of suburban areas successfully use this liquid for fountains, ponds or other similar decorative elements on the site. But it is not recommended to pour recycled water into the pool.
The drawbacks of the septic tank "Topol" are the same as those of other structures of this type. First of all, critics note the dependence of the device on the availability of electrical energy.
But if the food is absent for a short time, this does not affect the state of the septic tank negatively. In this case, the biological treatment process does not stop, although its speed slows down a bit.
In case of prolonged shutdowns, it is recommended to control the amount of waste so that the capacity does not overflow, or use an alternative power source.
Air lifts and overflow of a “Poplar” septic tank are narrow tubes that can easily be clogged due to inorganic contaminants such as films, wool, construction waste, etc.
The weak point of the septic tank “Poplar” is the air-lift, which is easily clogged if small particles of non-recyclable waste, such as plastic film, fall into the sewer system. As a result, it is often necessary to clean the airlifts.
It is very simple to prevent this problem, it is enough to protect all the sinks with special protective nets and not to forget to control the nature of the pollution that is drained into the toilet.
Finally, for the safety of bacterial cultures, household chemicals containing chlorine, as well as aggressive acidic or alkaline components, will have to be abandoned. The death of microorganisms and the problems associated with this phenomenon usually do not immediately become apparent.
As a result, it may be necessary to thoroughly rinse the septic tank from incompletely treated wastewaters and re-colonize the bacteria in it. You can use the purchase of funds, for example, “Dr. Robic”.
How to choose a suitable model
Septic tank “Poplar” models differ in performance, which is reflected in the device name. For example, "Topol-5"It is intended for service of the house in which five people constantly live,"Topol-8"Designed for a cottage with eight tenants, etc.
These two models, as well as “Topol-10”Considered the most popular in private housing.
This table allows you to accurately determine the performance and other characteristics of individual models of the septic tank “Topol”, taking into account their modifications (+)
We should also mention the smallest device from the family of these septic tanks - “Poplar 3”. It is characterized by low productivity and reasonable price. Suitable for small cottages that are used only in the summer.
Of course, the name of the model is a very conditional indicator, should be guided by the exact technical characteristics of each device:
- “Topol-5”- performance 1.1 cub. m per day, salvo discharge not more than 250 liters;
- “Topol-8”- performance 1.9 cu. m per day, salvo discharge not more than 470 l;
- “Topol-10”- performance 3.3 cu. m per day, salvo discharge not more than 490 l.
Other models of these septic tanks are more productive, for example, “Topol-15”Can be used for simultaneous processing of runoff from several small houses. “Poplar-150”- a powerful device that will satisfy the needs of a hotel or a small settlement.
In addition, there are three special modifications of the Topol septic tanks designed to improve its work in particularly difficult conditions:
- ETC - devices with forced drainage of purified water;
- Long - models in which the sewer pipe is inserted at a depth of 0.9-1.4 m due to the increased groundwater level;
- Long OL - combined modification combining the forced pumping of water with the possibility of low installation of the sewer entrance.
A septic tank model should be chosen not so much for the number of residents as for a specific amount of waste. If it is supposed to serve not only the house, but also the pool or bath located on the site, it is better to give preference to a more powerful model of septic tank.
It makes sense to take a sewer device even more if in the near future the number of permanent residents increases or guests frequently stop in the house. However, to acquire an overly large septic tank “just in case” is not worth it. Purchase of the device, its installation and maintenance will cost more, but these costs will not be justified.
Installation of a septic tank: photo instruction
Understanding the step-by-step technology of the installation of a sewage treatment plant will help to make the installation yourself or monitor the actions of workers.
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Step 1: You do not need to order powerful equipment with a forklift to transport a light sewer station.
Step 2: Before installing the structure, a pit is designed, the height of which should be equal to the height of the hull. Bottom of production is poured with sand and rammed
Step 3: In order to move the sewer station to the foundation pit, it will take three / four people
Step 4: Holding the middle part and the bottom of the case with the tensioned cable, it is carefully immersed in the pit
Step 5: If during the verification of horizontal position of a closed roof, deviations are revealed by the building level, the position of the hull is leveled by adding under the rubble or sand bottom
Step 6: Trenches for connecting sewer pipes are laid to the septic tank installed in the excavation pavement, a route is laid and pipes are inserted
Step 7: Compressors and airlifts are installed in the submerged sewer housing and connected to the power supply.
Step 8: After checking the efficiency of the sewer system and the station, the trench and the pit are filled with rolled out soil during development.
Development of a pit for installation of a septic tank
Moving the body to the excavation manually
The process of immersing the body in the pit
Position alignment as necessary
Connection of sewer pipes to the station
Installation of technical equipment of a septic tank Poplar
Arrangement of the area around the neck
Features of operation "Topol"
The manufacturer claims that septic tanks “Topol” need minimal maintenance efforts, and this is true.
Device owners are required to regularly perform the following simple steps:
- ensure that no contamination hazardous to the septic tank falls into the sewer system;
- inspect the device regularly for damage;
- control the level of liquid in the tank to prevent its overflow;
- dispose of accumulated sludge in a timely manner;
- right prepare a septic tank for winter.
The list of substances that are poorly combined with the order of biological treatment, is quite wide. In addition to the previously mentioned chlorine-containing substances, as well as acids and alkalis, you should pay attention to many technical fluids: gasoline, oil, paint, antifreeze, etc. Pour these substances into such sewers. can not.
Each cleaning agent will have to be checked for compliance with the requirements of a septic tank, and it is recommended to use aggressive household cleaning products no more than once a week.
To prevent the device from clogging, virtually any non-degradable, non-organic contaminants such as sawdust, small debris, rags, film, etc. are excluded from draining.
Safety net installed on each drain in the house will prevent small inorganic garbage from entering the septic tank, which will prevent clogging
The list should also include pet hair, bacteria do not have time to process it, which leads to clogging of airlifts. Large volumes of plant waste can also be dangerous, especially if they are poorly ground. Caution should also be exercised when disposing of unnecessary drugs.
If for some reason a small amount of debris or aggressive substances fell into the sewage system, do not panic. But the system should be monitored more closely to immediately identify the problem and fix it.
In some cases, you should not do the repair yourself, it is better to contact the experts. This recommendation is particularly relevant if the warranty period is not over.
A visual inspection of the Topol septic tank should be carried out at least once a month. Check the status of the drive for sludge, namely the level of its filling. In addition, you need to inspect the drain for purified water, it should not be clogged.
The lid of the septic tank should also be raised, make sure that the structure has no internal damage, and also evaluate the smell of the contents of the septic tank.
Compressor gaskets are gradually becoming dirty, which can cause damage. These elements should be replaced periodically with new ones to prevent septic tank damage (+)
A change in the usual smell, especially the appearance of stench, may indicate that the number of bacteria in the septic tank has decreased to a dangerously low level. In this case, it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause of the death of microorganisms, as well as to fill their number to the required level.
In septic tanks, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are used that process wastewater, decomposing them into purified water and neutral sludge.
To clean the receiver from sludge, you must first turn off the compressors. Then a mass of neutral sludge is pumped out of the reservoir using a drainage pump. You can immediately apply this fertilizer to the soil or compost it in a special pit.
Provided proper maintenance and operation of the septic tank "Poplar" can serve for about 50 years.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
This video footage is a description of the device and the principle of operation of the Topol septic tank:
Septic tanks "Topol" is a reliable autonomous sewage system, made to the highest modern standards. Proper operation, regular maintenance and proper installation will ensure this device a long uptime.
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