Lovers of mushrooms in our country, more than enough! Only here to hike in the forest for a "quiet hunt" need the attendant weather and certain climatic conditions. Not everyone thinks about growing mushrooms at home, and even almost on an industrial scale. Most consider this a fantasy. However, everything is real. And how to grow mushrooms in a greenhouse or at home, we will talk further.
Table of contents
- What mushrooms can be grown at home
- Technology of cultivation for beginners
- Breeding of mycelium
- Other ways to grow mushrooms at home
What mushrooms can be grown at home
The very idea of growing mushrooms at home poses a choice of a specific type.All varieties suitable for domestic breeding do not need special material costs or additional efforts.The only exceptions are mushrooms, but an experienced gardener will cope with this problem. The choice should be made, first of all, proceeding from the desired profit. All varieties of fungi, suitable for growing a house, can be classified into two main types:
The first include Shiitake, oyster mushrooms known to all, as well as winter honey agarics. But to the second - not less popular champignons and rings.Even in the presence of small areas, the harvest can be collected superb.That is why these varieties are recommended for growing on an industrial scale..
Technology of cultivation for beginners
The bulk of the time, which is needed for growing mushrooms, is spent on creating mycelium. However, the advice of experienced mushroom growers suggests that it is better to grow this material on your own. After all, even the best and most reliable suppliers from time to time greatly reduce.Mushroom can be grown in two ways:
- in the grain substrate;
- on wooden sticks.
The choice depends on what kind of mushrooms it is planned to grow.
Breeding of mycelium
Mycelium is grown in a certain substrate. It is recommended to take care that its chemical and mineral composition is as similar as possible to the one in which fungi grow in natural conditions. The composition of this environment must be selected again, depending on the type of mushrooms grown.
For example, shiitake feel more comfortable in wood, mushrooms - in compost, but oyster mushrooms prefer straw.With proper care, chopped straw, as well as sawdust, can ensure the harvest of any of the listed species of fungi.However, the substrate must be of high quality at the same time. This is provided by its dryness, lack of mold, as well as unpleasant odors and foreign impurities.
The mycelium is the basis in which there is a large number of sprouted mushroom spores. Once this base is placed in the substrate - the process of active growth begins. Initially, one can observe only the appearance of thin threads, which eventually turn into edible mushrooms.
To acquire high-quality planting stock is only in specialized stores. Give priority to the wood, which contains viable mushroom spores. They will be more resistant to disease. Than planted from a grain mycelium.You can buy and ordinary fungus spores.Only in this case it will take more time and effort to grow your harvest. The procedure will resemble the cultivation of any culture from seeds. Beginners should avoid this method..
To obtain the maximum yield, it is necessary that the mycelium spread as comprehensively as possible in the compost. This requires that the planting is warm. They can be heated using a special electric cushion. Heat is only needed during the incubation period.Once the mushrooms go into the growth phase, they should be kept cool.Good for this glazed and insulated balcony.
As a rule, shoots appear in the third week after planting the mycelium. Willingness to harvest is determined by a hat. Cut the finished mushrooms only with a knife, so as not to injure those that are still in the soil and are just preparing to harvest. The finished collection can be used both immediately and after pre-freezing..
Other ways to grow mushrooms at home
In addition to basic, there are also additional ways of growing mushrooms. True, they do not bring such a large-scale result and are used primarily by children as experiments. For example, on logging, you can grow some types of mushrooms. For thisfrom deciduous wood cut logs up to half a meter long.Do this no less than 2 weeks before settling with mycelium.
In the resulting workpiece, the holes are made in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 10 cm. After this, you need to compact the sticks with mycelium. A hammer can be used for this procedure.
The logs filled with mycelium are placed in the basement and are waiting until it fills the whole space. The procedure is long and can take up to 1 year. The key conditions are temperature and humidity.
A method of growing mushrooms on the coffee grounds is known.It contains many trace elements:
Such an environment is ideal for chicks. In addition, the coffee grounds should not be subjected to additional sterilization. The downside of this method is that getting a large quantity of freshly squeezed cake at home is very difficult. I'll have to ask him at the nearest cafe. Containers for growing can serve as ordinary bags for freezing or containers for ice cream.
The mycelium must be mixed with the oil cake, and then tightly closed the container.For storage, it can be identified under the sink. The germination time will be about 1 month. Once the surface has turned white, a small hole must be cut at the top of the bag. Through it, you have to spray 2 times a day. A week later, you can see how little mushrooms begin to grow.
Cultivation of white mushrooms and other species at home for beginners - the occupation is very fascinating and useful. The needs of his family can be fully met, even without special skills and large areas. The main thing - patience and desire to see the result. You can grow them all year round!.