Honey agarics are one of the most popular mushrooms, as you can not only gather them in the forest, but also grow them yourself in your country house or balcony. Summer and winter variety of monkey is best suited for breeding at home. They are not capricious and do not require much effort, even for a beginner.
. Contentsboth at home and in the summer cottage or garden. The best time for planting landing material outdoors is in April-May or in August , and in the house( warm balcony, basement) throughout the year.
With a uniform and high level of humidity, the mycelium develops rapidly, which favorably affects the growth of fungi. The building must be well ventilated, it may be a window or built-in ventilation. Light for the growth of fungi is needed is not bright, you can grow almost in the twilight. Only then the caps of the mushrooms will be pale, but this will not affect their taste. At the country house for planting again it is better to choose a shady place so that the wood on which the mycelium is located does not dry out.
Cultivation methods in the summer cottage area
You can grow your mushrooms by the following methods:
- in the basement on the bags;
- on logs;
- in greenhouses;
- in banks;
- on the stump.
In the basement on the bags
The room before landing must be disinfected. In the basement all year round there must be good ventilation. In the winter time it needs to be heated.
bags. For the soil for mycelium inoculation, use:
- ground straw;
- foliage trees;
- wood sawdust ;
- husk sunflower seeds;
- ready blocks substrate.
All vegetable components are steamed with hot water for 12 hours for decontamination from pests and mold. After cooling, add the mycelium again( according to the manufacturer's instructions) and mix well. Then lay out the mixture in a dense plastic bags from 5 to 50 kg. Knotted bags are placed on racks or suspended in the basement.
After three days in the bags, holes are made in the bags around 5-6 , see . After 14-20 days, the fungi will germinate and become visible.
logs You can grow mushrooms on them both in the street and in the house at temperatures from +10 to + 25 ° С.A log of larch wood should be not rotten, but wet and with bark.300-500 mm long, with a diameter of 200-500 mm. If it is dry, then it is soaked in water for two or three days. After that, they pull it out and drain it.
You can grow mushrooms on logs in three ways:
- In the logs, holes are made 1 cm in size, 4 cm long, and 10-12 cm apart. They insert the mycelium on wood sticks. Hands should be completely clean. After that, the logs are wrapped with plastic wrap, having made several holes in it so that air can pass inside. They are then transferred to a damp, darkened room. At 20 ° of heat, the log will acquire a mycelium of agony over a period of 3-4 months.
- In the backyard area on the shadow side of the , they dig a hole with the depth of 15 and see and pour it over. Then the wood is laid into it with the mushroom stick laid in a horizontal position. Soil around the planting sprinkled with wood ash to scare off snails. Watering is carried out regularly so that the earth does not dry out. Covering the leaves for the winter.
- logs You can also put logs prepared in in a barrel or barrel and put them on the balcony. For normal growth you need to constantly maintain the temperature from +10 to + 25 ° С and high humidity.
In the greenhouse
Greenhouses and greenhouses are well suited to the temperature and level of humidity for growing mushrooms. Logs, stumps, logs moistened and placed in a greenhouse. After that, holes are made in the wood and the mycelium is laid again, or they can be poured with a solution containing the spores of the fungi. Landing is regularly watered to maintain humidity, and also monitor the temperature of the air. It is also possible to grow mushrooms in greenhouses in banks, packages or on substrate blocks.
This method of cultivation of experience allows you to do without homestead plots. The bank can be put on the balcony or on the windowsill.
For the growth of mycelium is the substrate - a mixture of sawdust( better larch) and bran in a ratio of 3: 1.For one day, it is poured with water, then squeezed and not tightly compacted.
After the mixture is cooled, a hollow is made into it to the bottom of the jar with a clean stick and the mushroom mycelium is placed. The container is covered with a lid with holes and covered with wet cotton to maintain humidity. Bank clean in a dark and warm place. As it dries, the cotton wool is moistened.
Mycelium will sprout in a month, and after 15-20 the first mushrooms will appear. As soon as the mushrooms come out, put the container on the windowsill on the north side, or darken it from the sun. When they reach the lid, they remove it and the neck of the jar is wrapped in a wide strip of cardboard. This will help the spirits to keep during growth. To preserve moisture, mushrooms are sprayed with water. As the crop grows, the crop is cut, and the remaining legs are pulled out. In 14-20 days, new mushrooms will grow.
Cultivation on the stump
Mycelium is planted on the stump in a warm, but not hot, season. In the forest, on old stumps or trunks of trees, a mycelium is found and part of it is separated along with a piece of wood. For cutting in the stump, cut out the grooves, and put the pieces of mycelium in the size 1-2 , see , and then cover with moist moss or sawdust. The soil around it is watered, not allowing drying.
Spore breeding method
Chooses caps of ripening mushrooms with dark brown color from below. Put them in a container and pour clean water on the 24 hour. Then, without getting them out of the water, rub them with your hands. The resulting mass is filtered. A solution containing spores is poured over stumps or logs with notches made in them. Thanks to them, the wood is better soaked. After which they are covered with wet moss or sawdust. Spores germinate for a long time, mushrooms will grow only in 1-2 years. After the mycelium has grown on wood or stumps, it can be propagated. For this, its part is carefully separated and transplanted to a new place.
You only need to buy mycelium in specialized stores, , since the goods are stored in them in the right conditions. If during the cultivation of winter mushrooms in the tanks, the temperature has risen high, then they should be removed in the refrigerator for several days. The temperature should be no more than + 8 ° С, but not less than + 4 ° С.