The content of the article:
Nowadays, there is a great opportunity to provide a country house with all the comforts, including the availability of hot water. To do this, you will only need to purchase good water heaters for the dacha.
Hot water in the suburban area is a prerequisite. Because, despite the weather conditions, the work always boils here. And in cold water it is impossible not only to take a shower, wash clothes, wash dishes, but also to wash your hands well. You can certainly wash in the bath, but it's very unprofitable to heat it around the clock. You can install a container to heat water in the sun, but with cloudy weather and on cold days this will not work either. Therefore, the purchase of a suitable water heater is the best option.
Requirements for the device
Water heater for a country house is slightly different from the device for a city apartment. The device intended for giving, should correspond to several basic requirements:
- Economical consumption of fuel or energy. You need to decide what is more practical and more profitable for you - a wood, gas or electric appliance.
- Suitable volume of tank for the needs of the family. For a summer cottage it is better to purchase devices with a small tank, because they are light and compact. But at the same time it is necessary to calculate the daily consumption of hot water at the dacha.
- Correspondence of capacity with technical capabilities. It is worth consulting with an electrician regarding the possibilities of your electrical wiring.
- Practicality and ease of use.
First you need to decide on what energy the device will heat water. At the cottage, you can use wood-based titanium, a gas column or an electric appliance.
If there is autonomous heating, it is possible to connect the water heater to the boiler.
In addition, you need to accurately determine the required amount of hot water and the time it is heated. The following basic parameters are the geometric and technical properties of the device - its dimensions and shape, efficiency and power. These criteria will affect the duration of water heating and energy consumption.
For example, for a large family it will be convenient to have a storage water heater with a volume of about 200 liters. For a small family, a small flow-through device that will heat the water very quickly will do.
When choosing a water heater for a dacha it is necessary to take into account its defining parameters:
- type of device - accumulating, bulk, flowing;
- principle of water supply - pressure, non-pressure;
- type of energy used - gas, solid fuel, solar, electric;
- the highest heating temperature is 40 - 100 ° C;
- the volume of the water reservoir is 5 - 200 liters;
- power of the device 5 - 8 kW;
- installation method - floor, wall, universal.
Types of water heaters
Choosing the right heating water tank at the dacha is a rather difficult task. Because the stores offer a huge number of different models. To decide which one is best suited to your needs, you must first understand what they are different about.
Wall and floor
Regarding the method of installation, water heaters are divided into wall and floor. Which one to choose depends on the parameters of the house and the purpose of the device.
Wall-mounted water heater for cottages is considered more convenient, based on space saving considerations. Due to its dimensions, the device is suitable even for small buildings. Usually it has a small tank, so it's good for people who consume little water.
The floor water heater has a large size, so for small houses it is not the best option. Nevertheless, the volume of the tank in these models is much larger than that of the wall. It can contain from 80 to 200 liters of water. Therefore, for a long stay at the cottage the whole family it is desirable to choose a floor device.
Liquid, flow and storage
Based on the method of water supply, water heaters are divided into three types - liquid, flow and storage. In this case, the choice depends on the mechanism of the water supply - it comes through the water supply or is brought from the well.
The water heater is suitable for dachas not connected to the water main (such we have the majority). The device is equipped with a tank, which is filled with water manually - a bucket, watering can, scoop. These devices are often combined with a sink or shower.
The flow-through water heater for a summer residence is established at presence of connection to a waterpipe. Heating occurs when water flows through the heat exchanger of the device. For its normal operation, the average head of water is needed. Otherwise it will be either barely warm, or flowing in a thin trickle. Such devices are usually equipped with a temperature regulator and an electronic control panel.
The storage water heater has a large capacity, which can be heated by means of a TET or a gas burner. The main advantage of this device is the ability to stock up the necessary amount of hot water.
The tank of the water heater is protected from the outside by heat insulation and a strong casing. The device is equipped with a control panel, which necessarily contains a temperature controller. If the temperature sensor locks the temperature below the set temperature in the tank, the device automatically turns on.
Pressure and non-pressure
A large range of water heaters are divided into pressure and non-pressure instruments. Both types are connected to the mains and are powered by electricity. The main differences between the pressure and non-pressure flowing water heaters are as follows.
Pressure devices cut into water pipes and are under constant pressure of water. Typically, they are installed by experienced craftsmen. Such devices provide several points of consumption. Allow one person to wash dishes at the same time, and another to take a shower.
The pressure water heaters operate in automatic mode, reacting to the opening of the crane. Their models are presented with different capacities. Therefore, choosing the right country water heater will not be very difficult.
The non-pressure device is installed only on one point of consumption and requires the installation of a special bilge fixture. Therefore, when selecting this type, you will need to install a similar device on each tap. Capacity of non-pressure water heaters is up to 8 kW. Cold water is supplied by a pump or manually. Most often they immediately come complete with a shower or kitchen attachment.
It is worth noting that it is impossible to replace one nozzle with another. All component parts are completed at the factory. Therefore, before buying, you need to pay special attention to the components of the device.
These models are not recommended for installation in a large house, but perfectly suitable for small country houses.
Classification of water heaters by heating method
The most important criterion for choosing water heaters for cottages is the type of energy used. According to this feature, there are 4 types of devices:
- wood or solid fuel;
In our country are popular solid fuel, gas and electric water heaters. Solar devices are used very rarely.
Wood and solid fuel water heaters
The device consists of a compartment for fuel and a container for water. A chimney is installed for the chimney. Water is heated by the combustion of wood, coal and hot smoke emanating from the furnace through the chimney.
There are a lot of disadvantages to this device, and often they outweigh all the pluses. The main disadvantages are: high fire hazard and the need to constantly add fuel to the compartment.
Solar water heaters
The devices are powered by solar panels - long glass tubes filled with a special compound. They absorb solar energy and produce from it a constant electric current.
On the one hand, solar water heaters are very economical. But on the other hand, on cold and cloudy days they can not absorb enough solar energy to completely provide the family with warm water.
Gas water heaters
These devices have a simple design and can work with a small head. In addition, fuel for them is much cheaper than for other options. But such devices also have some disadvantages: the need for systematic preventive inspections and maintenance, noise at work and unstable water temperature.
The gas flow-through water heater has a simple mechanism of operation. It receives cold water, moves through special heat exchange channels, and as a result it gradually heats up. The water temperature depends on several reasons: pressure, automatic mode settings and frequency of use of the device.
Gas accumulator water heater - water is heated in the tank by burning gas. This type of water heater for dacha is very effective and can guarantee the uninterrupted supply of large amounts of hot water. Disadvantages are high costs, but with built-in automation, its efficiency and efficiency are significantly increased.
Electric water heaters
Such devices are purchased not only for a city apartment, but also for a cottage. In particular, if the gas is not supplied to the dacha. Electric water heaters for cottages are very convenient to use, but for their normal operation you need a good water pressure and the absence of power interruptions.
In the electric flow-through water heater, the water is heated by means of a heater installed inside the device. Cold water moves in a spiral and is heated. Its advantages are good economy, and disadvantages - in low efficiency. The greater the pressure of water, the cooler it is, the smaller - the warmer.
Cumulative electric water heaters for cottages have a similar mechanism of operation, as in flowing water heaters. Only water does not flow, but stay in the tank, which is heated by TEN. Pros are composed of an uninterrupted flow of hot water. Minus the need for additional time for heating.
Electric storage water heaters
Simple and modern devices - boilers, which consist of a reservoir of water for cottages and a heating element TEN. The capacity of the tank is usually 10 - 200 liters, and the power of the heating element - 8 kW. The duration of heating depends on the volume of the tank, the power of the heating element and the temperature of the incoming cold water. For a 10-liter tank, it will be enough for half an hour, for 200-liter tanks - about 7 hours.
In addition, electric storage water heaters for cottages include: magnesium anode (protects against corrosion internal reservoir), heat-insulating layer (allows to keep heat), thermostat (temperature adjustment), external housing, safety valve.
The storage water heater has several advantages:
- permanently retains hot water in its container;
- in the temporary absence of electricity supplies previously heated water;
- it is possible to program work at night, heating water for a morning shower or in order to save electricity;
- at a high location is an element forming a head in the system.
Electric instantaneous water heaters
In flowing water heaters for cottages, water does not accumulate, it is heated when it flows through the heat exchanger. And electricity is consumed only during the use of hot water.
Flow devices are equipped with a special heating coil or heating element. The spiral heating element heats water up to 45 degrees and needs warming up. But it works well with hard water and does not need to be cleaned. TANovye flowing devices heat water very quickly to 60 degrees, thanks to this saves electricity.
Some instantaneous water heaters are equipped with an electronic power regulator, thus maintaining a stable temperature of warm water.
Flowing water heaters for cottages have such positive qualities:
- provide unlimited consumption of hot water;
- compact, easy to remove and take away for the winter;
- do not dry the air;
- do not require special maintenance.
Electric water heaters
Many dachas have problems with water distribution or completely lacking a water supply system. Therefore, the water heater for filling with a heater with a heater is still in great demand. Water is simply poured into the tank, and after a while it is heated to the desired temperature. Then it is fed through the tap, which is located at the bottom of the tank.
Advantages of self-heating water heaters:
- Sturdy container for heating water from stainless metal, which will last a long time;
- simple device of the device, which does not require special preparation for mounting and subsequent use;
- models with heaters of different power;
- The presence of a thermostat, which eliminates the possibility of evaporation of water and, as a result, breakdown of the device.
Filling water heater "Moidodyr"
Like electrical appliances, a water heater for a dacha can be installed in the kitchen (with a small capacity) or in the shower. The most accessible and practical version of this heater is the Moydodyr system. The device is located directly above the sink. The tank for used water is placed in the cabinet below.
Modern models of "Moidodyr" heat the water to the required temperature automatically, they are equipped with protection against "dry" heating and overheating. The water heater is compact and very convenient to use, in addition, no need to buy a dishwasher in addition. However, when choosing this option, you need to consider that the tank is small. Therefore, its functionality is very limited.
Water heater for shower
This device is a reservoir with a volume of 50 - 150 liters with an integrated heating element. It is equipped with a thermostat, which makes it possible to regulate the heating temperature. The water heater for the shower is equipped with a protection against "dry" switching. Water is poured into this apparatus by buckets or by means of a pump. The most cost-effective device is Sadko. It can be mounted over a summer shower or over a bathtub.
When installing a water heater over a shower, sunny days can be used for heating on sunny days. This will save energy. And on cloudy days it is better to use TEN.
Water heater with shower cabin
For convenience, you can buy a water heater with a shower cabin with a shower. This device consists of a heater, a cabin, a shower head, a shower tray and a curtain. These designs are made with or without electric heating. In the latter case, water is heated only from the sun's rays.
In the suburban area such a device can make life much easier, especially in the absence of running water. You just need to pour water into the tank, heat it and use it for your own needs.
Which water heater should I choose for a summer residence?
Choosing a water heater dacha, first you need to clarify the initial parameters of the wiring. This will determine the maximum power of the device that can be connected. If necessary, you can change the wiring or proceed from what is.
It is also necessary to calculate the necessary amount of hot water for country needs. Each procedure takes an unequal amount of warm water.
The power of the device depends on the water consumption for each task:
- for washing dishes suitable capacity 4 - 6 kW;
- The use of a shower requires a power of 8 kW;
- to get a bath you need 13-15 kW, in this case you need a three-phase water heater.
For a summer residence, at a pressure in a network of 220 volt, it is better to buy small devices capacity of 3 - 8 kw.
In addition, buying an electric water heater, you need to take into account its size and weight. These parameters play a decisive role in the installation.
Popular models of water heaters
Now let's move on to a brief overview of popular models of well-known water heater manufacturers. The full characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of each device can be found on the websites of sellers and customer feedback.
Electric flowing water heater Atmor BASIC:
- type - unsystematic;
- power, kWt;
- heating rate l / min., when turned on, the water is heated for 5 seconds;
- thermostat - 2 keys for switching the mode;
- the average cost is 4500 rubles.
Electric water heater Delimano:
- type - flowing non-pressure;
- power - 3 kW;
- the heating rate is 5 seconds to 60 degrees;
- thermoregulator - is, with an indicator;
- the average cost is 6000 rubles.
Sadko Electric Shower Water Heater:
- type - bulk;
- power - 2 kW;
- volume - 110 liters;
- the heating rate is 60 minutes to a temperature of 40 ° C;
- the average price is 3000 rubles.
Electric water heater Alvin Antik:
- type - liquid for shower;
- power - 5 kW;
- volume - 20 liters;
- the heating rate is 1 hour to 40 degrees;
- thermostat - from 30 to 80 degrees;
- is equipped with a thermostat;
- the average price is 6000 rubles.
Electric water heater with a washbasin THERMMIKS:
- type - bulk;
- power - 5 kW;
- the volume of the tank is 17 liters;
- After heating the water to 60 ° C it is automatically switched off;
- the average price is 2500 rubles.
Electric water heater Zanussi Symphony S-30:
- type - accumulative;
- power, kWt;
- volume - 30 liters;
- heating rate - for 1 hour water is heated to 75 degrees;
- thermostat - on the body;
- the average price is 8000 rubles.
Electric water heater Thermex IF 50 V:
- type - accumulative;
- power - 2 kW;
- the volume of the tank is 50 liters;
- heating rate - per hour up to 75 degrees;
- safety valve;
- the average price is 12500 rubles.
We are all used to buying the technology of famous brands, not considering the products of Chinese and Korean companies. To date, this is a wrong approach. Most large concerns transferred their production to China. And the quality of some Chinese manufacturers deserves approval.
Therefore, today, buying a device of a famous brand, there is a possibility of overpaying not for the quality of the goods, but for its fame. A water heater for a dacha with an unfamiliar name can be much better, more functional and much cheaper. In order not to get into a mess, when choosing a manufacturer, we recommend that you carefully read the device's documentation.