Flowering cherry with spreading branches- a charming garden decoration. A large number of varieties of cherries pleases any gardener and lover of its fruits.
The tree can also be interested in its shape, which can be represented in the form of a tree or a bush with branching branches.
To the tree could please with its shape, abundant harvest, it is necessary to look after it with care and thoroughness.Cherry pruning acts as the main care..
Table of contents
- Nuances of the procedure: when to do this and how
- Scheme and features of spring pruning
- Correct pruning in summer
- Is it necessary and how to do this in the fall?
- Want to know the gardener
- How to form a cherry tree in the spring
- How to trim a bush cherry
- Features of circumcision of young cherries
- How can you rejuvenate the old tree for a good harvest?
- Do you need to trim the branches of a felt cherry?
- Tips for beginners: the process of pruning in detail
Nuances of the procedure: when to do this and how
The most important in the vitality of cherries isneat pruning in the spring.
Formation of the crown begins after reaching the tree age of four years. Since cherry culture is thermophilic, it does not like frosts and the very operation of pruning.
For this, the best period for this will bethe second half of March, to exclude cases of frost. Terms can vary for each climatic zone.
The beginning of circumcision should be madebefore the beginning of the sap movement. First of all, the frozen and diseased branches are cut off so that they do not infect the tree itself, and branches that drink tree juices or damaged ones.
AnyCut the slice with ointment after trimming or with garden sauce. Pruning also depends on whether it is bushy or tree cherry..
Scheme and features of spring pruning
Spring pruning is the keyto form a fruit tree. With regular pruning for several years, you can limit yourself only to pruning during this period of the year.
At what time is it best to start pruning a cherry? The summer resident with the experience will give an unambiguous answer - in April.
You are sure to be interested in our publications:
- Benefit and harm of cherries for the human body.
- Planting and caring for a felt cherry.
- 32 best varieties of cherries.
The cherry tree is a heat-loving tree, so shortening of the branches should beginafter they are swollen buds.
This operation will determine the frostbitten branches for the winter and decorate the tree crown for the summer season.
This should happen in this way:
- Remove branches that thicken the crown, branches that grow upward, should be cut off under the base, leaving branches that run parallel to the ground.
- With an escape length of up to thirty centimeters it should not be touched. Remove only those branches that will interfere with the development of the rest. At the end of the event, podrezhte the barrel. It is enough for him to rise above the frame at a distance of up to twenty centimeters.
The work should be carried out before the juice begins to flow, so that the tree does not get sick and then restores for a long time.
Greater attention to yourself will require pruning felt cherry. After the development of the seedling for the first year, it is necessary to shorten the branches to half a meter, next year remove about a quarter of the lateral branches.
Felted cherry does not yield yields, having a thick crown, so leave strong branches and shorten them to ten centimeters, all remaining shoots should be removed right up to the bottom.
Pruning in spring:
Correct pruning in summer
Has an auxiliary role. When the tree is in a growing condition, any incision will be prolonged for a long time. When removing the branches in the summer, it turns out that they were dragging the nutrients in the spring for nothing.
In the summer, you need to do a crown correction, removing the diseased branches.
The branch affected by the disease must be removed and burnedand it does not depend on the pores of the year. This will prevent the spread of the infectious disease in the suburban area!.
Is it necessary and how to do this in the fall?
Spring pruning will help the tree to wake up after winter, and the performance of such work during the autumn period will help prepare for a prolonged winter.
Cherry is a stone fruit crop, it is recommended that it be cut off in summer and autumn. The beginning gardener is afraid to shorten the branches of the cherry tree in autumn, which can harm the tree.
The best time will be when the juice movement slows down, which indicates the end of the growing season. Cherry is a plant that is heat-loving and cuts must be delayed until it freezes, otherwise the branch will dry out.
Seedling, ready to meet for the first time in the winter, is not subject to pruning, as it may not survive the winter cold.
The scheme of work is as follows:
- It is necessary to remove branches that interfere with other normal development. Skeletal branches that form the crown can be an exception;
- it is better to cut small branches in the spring;
- when removing branches, approach the pruning in terms of carrying out a rejuvenating effect on the plant, which should lead to an increase in fruiting;
- the tree should not have branches leaving in the form of an acute angle from the trunk;
- any of the sections must be treated with a wax or other special means.
Want to know the gardener
Bushnut and tree-like varieties of cherriesrequire different approaches.
The tree cherry does not need to cut off shoots all in a row, it traumatizes the plant. It should be gradual shortening of the crown until it reaches a height of 3 meters..
With rapid growth, when the length of branches increases by forty to fifty centimeters per year, it is necessary to dilute the branches, which will lead to the formation of the correct crown.
With a decrease in the growth of the tree, the branches that do not give fresh branches should be cut off.
Bush-cherry can be cut bolder, shortening all branches to fifty centimeters. Skeletal and secondary branches should be cut in two stages.
When cutting skeletal branches in the current year, processing of secondary branches may be postponed for the next season.
When processing such a cherry, pay attention to the young growths. It is necessary to leave fructifying vetias, so as not to reduce the yield of the tree.
How to form a cherry tree in the spring
Processing cherries is a process that requires accuracy. The branches located below seventy centimeters above the ground are removed,Cutting should be done at an angle, removing branches that are intertwined. The crown should be given a vase-like shape.
Annual shoots shortened slightlyto get lateral branches and new bouquet twigs. The height of such a cherry should not be more than three and a half meters.
How to trim a bush cherry
It needs to be thinned out thoroughly. Spring pruning of this variety of trees has several characteristics due to its tendency to thicken, resulting in chopping fruits and loss of yield.
Branches below the crown should be to the trunk no more than forty degrees, so as not to lead to further fracture of the crown. To create a powerful skeletoncutting branches that seek to compete with the main trunk.
Shoots are left in plants that have grown to eighty centimeters, they are shortened to the kidneys. Work follows the tool with a good sharpening.
Features of circumcision of young cherries
Spring pruning provides a strong, fruit-bearing plant, which has a good crown and a strong root system.First you need to define the leader branch- the strongest vertical branch.
In order to form the crown, leave five branches, which can be located at a distance of ten centimeters from each other and sent to different directions.
Shoots that grow diagonally or at an angle should be cut off, the shoots on the trunk should be removed to strengthen the tree's nutrition. Pruning of intersecting branches is mandatory.
A bush cherry performs fruiting on shoots, the age of which is one year. Therefore pruning cherries in the spring period should be done with special care.
Pruning of cherries:
How can you rejuvenate the old tree for a good harvest?
Mature cherry also requires rejuvenation, the spring pruning of which will lead to an increase in yield. But you do not need to delete a lot of branches at once.
Ash branching bush cherryspeaks about the need for pruning. The branches are cut in half or a third.
Skeletal and semi-skeletal branches should be cut to sleeping buds. In one year, it is necessary to trim the skeletal branches, on the other half-skeletal branches, so it is necessary for the plant to have enough strength for fruiting.
Tree-like variety rejuvenates differently. One-year-old shoots need to be shortened a little, because fruits appear on them.
The crown is rejuvenated if the base of the skeletal branches is bared, and within a year they grow no more than fifteen centimeters. When the branch shrinks, you need to cut it.
Do you need to trim the branches of a felt cherry?
Such a variety brings juicy and tender fruits. Fruiting begins the next year after planting, having a high yield. This can be achieved by proper care and timely pruning.
Pruning should be done every yearbecause the crown is thickened. The crops are given annual shoots. But they need to be shortened by a third with a length of shoots exceeding sixty centimeters.
Spring pruning of cherriesimplies the elimination of patients who have injuries or branches directed inwards. After pruning, at least twelve strong branches must remain.
Spring pruning should be carried out, given the condition of the tree and its varietal accessory. Young trees in this case will achieve a high yield.
Tips for beginners: the process of pruning in detail
Pruning of the seedlingswill require a careful attitude with him and patience. The cut should be done with attention, without leaving the stumps, because after them the gum appears on them. Formation of branches should be made to the outside of the inside of the crown.
Prune the branches of a cherry treeperhaps with their sufficient strength. It needs thinning to lighten the crown for the sun's rays.
Pruning of a bush cherry: running places are well thinned, dry ones are removed. To prevent the multiplication of pests, the cut branches are burned.
Carrying out the pruning of the cherry will allow the tree to heal, to clean the crown, to raise the yield, to destroy pests..