All varieties of cherries differ among themselves in various ways, be it ripening, fruit size or growing region. The most resistant to frost are those cherries that are grown in the northern regions of ( Ob, Ashinskaya, Metelitsa), but are the most fruitful and sweet varieties in the south of the country ( Lyubskaya, Shpanka, Garland). Cherries with early ripening are the most resistant, but their taste is much more sour( Chocolates, Youth), varieties of average maturity are the golden mean( Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Turgenevka).Another sign is the presence of flowers of both sexes, that is, self-fertility( Apkhutinskaya, Yenikiev Memorial).To choose which is the most suitable variety of cherries, you need to know all their characteristics.
- samoplodnye varieties of cherries
- Memory Enikieva
- early cherry varieties
- Miracle cherry
- varieties of cherries average ripening
- late varieties of cherries
- Large varieties of cherries
- Consumer goods Black
- Varieties of undersized( dwarf) cherries
- best varieties of cherries for the southern regions of Russia
- best varieties of cherries to the northern regions
- Altai swallow
- most delicious varieties of cherries for Siberia and the Urals
- Ural ruby
- best varieties of cherriesfor Moscow region, description and care
- Early varieties
- Griot Moscow
- Late varieties
- Mashkin memory
- Self-fertile varieties
- Early varieties
Self-fertile withCortices of the
cherry The self-fruited varieties include cherries that do not require additional pollination of by , and they independently tie both male and female flowers.
Medium-growth tree on which large and tasty heart-shaped fruits grow. The Apukhtinskaya variety starts its fruiting already in the second year after planting, belongs to the late terms of ripening , the crop ripening falls in the middle of August. The tree has good resistance to frost and drought, but it is also prone to fungal diseases.
Memory of Yenikiyev
The tree grows up to 3 meters in height, the crown of medium density, spherical shape. Fruit weight reaches 5 grams of , so they can be considered large. The shape of the berries is oval, the color is dark red. The flesh of cherries. The memory of Yenikiyev is very tasty and juicy. The variety is characterized by the presence of a large bone .The tree begins to bear fruit already for 3-4 years of life, the period of full ripening of the crop falls at the end of June. Up to 15 kilograms of fruits can be collected from a single cherry. It has moderate resistance to frost and drought.
Early varieties of cherries
Cherry varieties that ripen from early June to mid-July are called early .Their berries are less sweet, and the trees are characterized by good frost resistance.
A tree of such a cherry of medium height, with a crown shape resembling an inverted cone. Berries differ in sourish taste and dark and claret color. Pulp of a rich red shade, dense, with easily separated bone .Variety Chocolatnits tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to many diseases, self-infested. Brings a steady harvest.
This variety is a cherry-cherry hybrid. A tall tree with free-growing branches is shaped like a ball. In addition, the attachment of branches to the tree is quite weak, so when the crop appears there is a risk that they will break. The taste of berries is sweet and sour, on average, their weight is 4 grams .The color of the fruit is dark red, the shape is rounded flat. The first harvest Shpanka brings to 6-7 years of life, but at the age of 20 years you can get up to 60 kilograms of cherries from a tree. Fruiting occurs from late June to early July .The variety is highly resistant to frost and drought, needs pollinators.
Spray cherries with a low, slightly drooping crown. Fruits of the Youth variety are large in size, their mass can reach up to 4.8 grams, the skin and pulp have the same dark maroon color. The stone is well separated, and in the taste of the cherries themselves they feel a slight sourness, such berries are perfect for preservation and freezing. The first crop appears on a 5 year old tree, fruiting mainly occurs on last year's wood. Youth is a frost-resistant grade. It has moderate disease resistance.
Cherry tree with medium growth force. The crown of the tree needs constant shaping, with the free form of growth it looks like a cone, and the fruits will accumulate at the very top. The taste of berries is sweet, sweet, in all their external characteristics they resemble sweet cherry, they can reach a weight of 9.5 grams. The variety is samobesplod, needs pollinators. The tree begins to bear fruit from 3 years of life, while bringing a large, stable crop. You can collect the fruit in early June. Miracle cherry is resistant to frost and most diseases .
The tree has a medium height and spherical shape. Brings beautiful dark red fruit with a pleasant sweet-sour taste, the stone is easily separated from the pulp. The shape of the berries is round, evenly flattened, the weight reaches 5 grams .The grade the Baby Differs in good transportability, immunity to fungal diseases and frost resistance. The yield is inferior to other varieties of , you can get 17 kg of cherries from one tree. Their full maturation falls at the end of June.
Varieties of cherries with medium ripening
Mid-early varieties are called cherries, which ripen in mid-summer, they have the best taste.
Vladimirskaya is one of the oldest varieties grown in the central regions of Russia. Tree bushy, bark of a grayish shade .The branches grow in a downward direction, so the crown shape is called weeping. On one inflorescence about 5-7 flowers of gentle white color gather. The leaves are matte green hue, elongated, gradually sharpening to the base and top, biconicular edge. Fruits are sweet and sour, slightly fibrous, well suited for any form of processing. The color of the skin is dark red, almost black, the weight of the berries does not exceed 3.7 grams, the shape is rounded flat. The first fruiting begins in the 3rd year of , the ripening of cherries takes place at the end of July. This variety tolerates winter cold, but spring frosts can completely destroy the inflorescences, and accordingly the entire crop. It grows best in central Russia, with good care it can yield 25 kilograms of fruit. In the northern regions, the yield drops sharply to 6-7 kilograms .Vladimirskaya needs pollinators and additional protection from diseases and pests. If the berries are not picked on time, they will begin to crumble very quickly.
Cherry grows to 2.5 meters, the crown of the tree is sprawling, but rare. The leaves are narrow, oval, dark green. Forms inflorescences of 3-4 flowers, medium size with rounded petals. Fruiting occurs on last year's annual wood .Most often, the berries are single, sometimes two. Cherries varieties Zhukovskaya medium size, up to 4 grams, dark red color, heart shape. The flesh is tender, juicy, with a dessert taste. Disease resistance is average.
The tree grows to medium size, the flowers are large, white. The berries themselves are evenly rounded, the peel is bright red, the flesh is orange. They have a sweet and sour taste, the bone is easily separated .Good immunity to various diseases, frost resistance is normal. Variety Kharitonovskaya needs additional pollination.
A cherry tree of this variety grows up to 3 meters, forming inflorescences of 4 white flowers. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs. Berries are wide-heart-shaped, large-sized, with weights up to 6.5 grams .The skin color is dark red, the flesh is juicy, sour-sweet, the taste rating is normal. The first crop ripens at 5-6 year of life, full ripening occurs in early July. Turgenevka tolerates winter frosts, but can die when the spring frosts appear. It is highly resistant to diseases, needs pollinators. The variety brings a good, stable crop.
The tree grows medium in size, the crown is wide, spreading. Fruiting occurs on the bouquet twigs, berries are round in shape with a hole in the stem, the weight can reach 5.5 grams. Maroon color skin, juicy pulp, dessert taste with easily detachable bone .Such berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for processing, they are well transported. The tree begins to bear fruit at 3 years of life, the ripening of the fruit of the variety Morozovka falls at the end of July. The harvest is stable, up to 500 kilograms from the weave .The variety is resistant to frost, drought and disease. Needs pollinators.
Late varieties of
cherries. Late varieties ripen most recently, at the end of summer and early autumn, .
The variety is intended for cultivation in central and southern Russia, very picky about soil fertility and quality of care. Forms a large crop with blood-red, transportable fruits with the mediocre taste of .These berries are ideal for processing. The tree is self-growing, but with additional pollination it gives higher yields. The young tree brings up to 26 kilograms of fruit, and the adult to 60. Lyubskaya does not have frost resistance, often undergoes various diseases.
Bushberry cherry with shoots raised upwards. The weight of one cherry is about 4 grams, the shape is round, the color is bright red. Pulp with good taste, bone is easily separated. The presentation of berries is at the highest level, they are resistant to cracking. The generous variety gives an annual, abundant crop, ripens in the autumn .The tree gives its first cherries already in 3-4 years. Generous is characterized by high frost resistance, can easily tolerate even spring frosts, also the variety is not amenable to attack by pests, tolerates drought well. Susceptible to diseases, especially fungal.
Tree of medium height with a spherical crown. Leaves with a wide plate, glossy, green, edge crenchatny. Cherries are small, the average weight of one berry is 3-3.5 grams, the shape is round .The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant, the flesh is dense. The variety produces an annual, abundant crop that ripens in early August. The robin needs additional pollinators and protection from diseases. Frost resistance - medium .
Large varieties of cherries
Varieties of cherries with large dessert berries are not inferior to cherries to their taste. But compared to other varieties, they are whimsical to the climatic conditions and the quality of care.
Consumer Goods Black
Low-growing tree with very tasty berries with dark skin almost black. The flesh is juicy, tender, with an easily detachable bone. Ripen on fruits Consumer Black in early June, moderate-yield crop .It has low resistance to frost. The tree needs additional pollination.
A medium-sized tree can produce an annual harvest. Berries are sweet, juicy with dense pulp and easily removable bone. Ripening falls in the middle of July. The variety does not tolerate frost badly; in the rainy season there is a risk of rot. Volochaevka forms both female and male flowers, self-bearing.
A low tree whose weight exceeds 10 grams. Berries are bright red, with delicate and juicy pulp .The harvest of the variety. The meeting is stable and annual, ripening falls on the 20th of June. The variety tolerates frost and drought, is resistant to fungal diseases.
Varieties of short-growing( dwarf) cherries
The trees in such varieties do not grow above 2.5 meters .They are very convenient for breeding and harvesting the crop, so they are very popular among gardeners.
Bushy cherry with a wide crown, its maximum height is 2 meters. The peel of the berries is dark, almost black in color, the flesh is blood red in color .Fruit weight is 4-5 grams, taste is good. Cherries ripen in mid-summer and are well transported. Anthracite is resistant to frost, drought and fungi.
A small tree forms a spherical crown. Berries of claret color, with the same pulp in color, their weight varies between 3.5-4.2 grams, are well transported. The taste is sweet and sour. Harvest period falls on the beginning of July .The resistance of the Bystrinka variety to frost is average. There is a risk of damage by moniliasis.
A tree rarely exceeds a 2 meter height, an oval-shaped crown. On average, one berry weighs 4 grams, the color of the skin is maroon .Most often, the fruits of Mtsenskaya variety are processed. Trees have good resistance to frost, drought and most diseases. They also have an attractive appearance, which is why they are often used in landscape design.
The best varieties of cherries for the southern regions of Russia
These varieties have excellent taste, low or medium frost resistance. They can only be grown in warm climates.
On average, the tree grows up to 3-4 meters, the foliage is average. Fruiting occurs on annual shoots. Fruits are large, juicy, red. Differ in fine taste. Grade Sasha is frost-resistant, rarely exposed to diseases .The first fruiting occurs in the 5th year of life, early ripening.
The tree is 3 meters tall and has a large amount of foliage on its branches. Variety Garland is characterized by the presence of inflorescences, of which there are 5 fruits each. The berries are very large, juicy and tasty, the color of the skin is slightly darker than the flesh. The first crop can be harvested in mid-June as early as the 3rd year of .The tree does not need additional pollination.
The best varieties of cherries for the northern areas
It is considered the best variety for the northern regions. A low-growing shrub, whose growth does not exceed 1.5 meters, can tolerate frosts up to -55 degrees .Also has drought tolerance. Berries of dark color, with dense pulp of slightly knitting, sweet-sour taste. The bone is small, easily removed. Flowering occurs from the beginning of April, the first harvest gives shrubs at 4 years of age.
Low shrub, which grows only 130 centimeters. Fruiting occurs on annual growths. The berries are small, dark red in color, with good taste and a small, well separable bone .Fruit ripening falls in the middle of July. Ob is able to withstand severe frosts and droughts, but is highly susceptible to pests. The variety is self-fertile and does not need pollination.
Low-growing bush, not more than 150 centimeters high. The berries are round in shape and medium in size, have excellent taste and juiciness .Fruit ripening occurs in mid-July. The yield of the variety is very different from the trees growing in the southern regions, and is only 5 kilograms. The Altai swallow tolerates frosts and droughts well and is immune to many diseases. It is also a pollinator for many varieties of cherries.