Apple Tree Pink Pearl is one of the most unusual varieties of fruit tree, which is obtained as a result of selection works. Of particular interest to gardeners are the fruits of the tree, radically different from other varieties and the relative unpretentiousness of the apple tree.
Knowing all the features and considering all the individual requirements of the variety of apples, Pink Pearls, they can be grown in their own plot.
Table of contents
- Origin and description of the variety of apples Pink pearls
- Requirements for soil and climate
- Rules of landing
- Soil Preparation
- Planting a seedling
- Care of the apple tree
- Additional fertilizing
- Preparation for winter
- Pests and diseases
- Pests of apples with red flesh
- Reviews of gardeners
Origin and description of the variety of apples Pink pearls
To its appearance, the variety of apples Pink Pearls is obliged to the American breeder Albert Etter. In 1940, after many years of work, several apple varieties were bred.
The greatest impression on botany was produced by the unusual appearance, aroma and taste of apples derived from the famous apple tree of Nedzwiecki. The original external characteristic became the reason for the name - Pink pearl, which was patented in 1944, and the following year they were presented in catalogs for gardeners.
Variety of apples with red pulp Pink pearlsIt is widely distributed in the states of California, Oregon and Washington among amateur gardeners and on an industrial scale.
Apples of sort Pink pearls have a special color and a structure of flesh. It:
- fruits of medium size;
- a delicate translucent skin of yellowish-green, less often plum color with numerous whitish spots;
- juicy fine-grained pulp, painted completely or partially in crimson-pink color;
- taste sweet and tart with notes of grapefruit and raspberries.
A variety of apples Pink pearls are especially appreciated by people who adhere to a dietary diet. In the fruits of the apple tree there are few calories, many vitamins, iron and fiber. Thanks to the original taste and preservation of useful properties after heat treatment, apples are used in cooking in combination with many products, including meat and fish..
Requirements for soil and climate
Apple-tree Pink pearls refer to autumn-winter varieties with average frost resistance. Fruit tree can withstand a temperature drop of up to 30 °. The tree is responsive to sunlight and better develops in well-lit areas. The southern regions will be the most favorable for cultivation of apple trees, and in the northern regions it is recommended to inoculate into the crown of zoned frost-resistant varieties.
Apple Blossom Pink pearls are a medium-sized tree, reaching up to 7 meters in height. It begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting a 2-3 year old seedling.Fruit ripening is at the end of August,but if you push the harvest for a month, they will become more saturated and sweet to the taste.
If there is an opportunity to vaccinate, then it is better to take varieties of apples with pink pulp for grafting:
- The pin.
When choosing a landing site, it is important to consider that the tree loves light and heat.Therefore, it is necessary to avoid nizin, shaded and blown areas of the northern winds..
Rules of landing
Saplings can be planted in spring and autumn. Each planting period has its advantages. If the tree is planted in the autumn, then during the winter its roots adapt to the soil and strengthen, and with the appearance of the first heat in the spring it will actively develop.
This period of time is more suitable for southern regions and chernozem-rich soils. Favorable time for planting from September 20 to October 15.
The advantage of planting in the spring period is a good strengthening of the tree before the winter, which ensures a stable transfer of low temperatures in the first year of development.Planted seedlings in the period from April 20 to May 10. The peculiarity of spring planting is frequent and abundant watering in the first weeks of development of the seedling, this will help to avoid the drying of the roots.
For apples with red pulp, you need to choose the place where the groundwater lies at a depth of, meters. At a chosen place for planting, a hole of 80 cm depth is excavated, which is best prepared a week before planting. The bottom of the pit is further loosened by 25 cm in depth.
After that, the pit is filled 1/3 with humus soil, which is saturated with fertilizers:
- superphosphate (200 g),
- sulfuric acid potassium (80 g),
- wood ash (200 g),
- manure (3 buckets).
Minerals and organics are mixed, adding fertile soil to them.Thus, the root layer is provided with adequate nutrition, and an optimal substrate is formed for the rapid adaptation of the seedling to a new location.
The rest of the pit is filled with turf soils until a hillock forms, which rises 15 cm above the ground level. In the middle of the prepared landing site, you need to drive a wooden stake 50 cm above the ground level.
Planting a seedling
Despite careful selection of the seedling during the purchase, before planting it should be inspected once more. Decayed and injured parts of the roots and stems are cut out with a sharp knife to a healthy tissue. The roots of the seedlings before planting are recommended to be dipped in a clay-mucky chatterbox, which contains growth regulators that stimulate the active development of the fruit tree.
The first stage of planting apples. Pink pearls are the location of the seedling from the north side of the prepared cola, and care must be taken to ensure that the roots spread out in different directions evenly.It is necessary to make sure that there is no void left between the roots, for this the stem is shaken slightly when filling with a substrate.
After the roots are sprinkled, the soil is slightly compacted with legs and added to the turf ground. Around the circle a hole is formed, into which 2 buckets of warm water are poured and covered with earth. The soil around the seedling is mulched with peat, straw or manure - this will protect the roots of the young tree from drying out. The seedling is tied to the peg with a free loop by twine..
Care of the apple tree
Variety of apples with pink flesh Pink pearls require more intensive care in the first years of their development.
In the first year, for a full-fledged development of the seedlings, there are enough fertilizers that were introduced during planting. In subsequent years, the apple tree needs to be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers:
Exhausted over the winter, the soils do not provide the nutrition necessary for the fruit tree. In the spring period it is especially important to apply nitrogenous fertilizers in the phase of bud swelling. They are introduced into the basal circle, having previously buried the soil to a depth of 10 cm. For spring feeding are suitable:
- urea (500 g), diluted in water (50 L);
- a solution of manure and water 1: 8;
- bird droppings, diluted in water 1: 15.
Consumption for one apple tree is 15 liters.
The second top dressing is done in the phase of tying the first fruits with sodium fertilizers. To do this, you need 1 kg of nitrophosphate and 20 g of sodium humate to dissolve in 200 liters of water. The resulting nutrient solution is spilled into the near-bottom zone, consuming 3 buckets for each apple tree..
For young trees that do not yet bear fruit, autumn fertilizing with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers is important. They are introduced into moist soil during digging or diluted in 2 tbsp. l. in 10 liters of water and spill the soil around the trunk, spending 2 buckets on one apple tree.
Young apples need frequent watering, at least 4 times a season. Water is evenly distributed on the soil in the near-trunk area of the tree.
Formed around the apple tree, water holes 10-15 cm deep will help to avoid unwanted exposure of the roots during watering. ATIt is essential that moisture reaches the depth of the active roots, in the apple of the Pink Pearl variety it is 60-70 cm.
Depending on age, the tree needs different volumes of water:
- annual seedlings 2-3 buckets;
- two-year-old apple trees 4-5 buckets;
- three-year or more trees of at least 5-8 buckets.
The timing of irrigation depends entirely on climatic conditions. The first moistening is performed before the bud opening. If hot and dry weather is established, trees up to five years old must be watered at least once every two weeks. For adult trees, the second irrigation is carried out after the flowering phase, during the mass setting of the fruit.
The last watering is carried out during the ripening period of apples 2 weeks before harvesting. Irrigate during harvesting and after this does not follow, it can lead to active development of young shoots and to weakening of the tree before the winter period.
Correctly formed crown of apple trees is the guarantee of fruit quality and quantity of harvest. Trees of apple cultivars Pink pearls begin to be cut off in the first year after planting. The optimal time for pruning is the period of rest of the seedling.
To do this, choose a late fall, it is important that the air temperature is not less than -10 ° C. Pruning in severe frosts leads to fragility and vulnerability of apple trees to diseases.
Deformed, withered and frozen branches are removed. Apple pruning is done every year, not allowing excessive development of lateral branches and the top of the tree.
Preparation for winter
Lime solution is used for whitening the lower part of the apple tree trunk. This will protect the tree from the appearance of frostbites during temperature changes, which are the cause of the formation of rot.Lime layer prevents possible sunburn in winter and spring, protects against rodents.
Adding insecticides to the solution is a good prevention against pests that remain to winter in the bark. Young apple trees are whitewashed without preparation, and in adult trees the dead bark, lichens and moss are removed. The best time for whitewashing is the third decade of autumn, when torrential rains stop and a stable minus temperature is established.
Insulation with a layer of mulch will prevent the roots from freezing. To do this, weighed the truncated circle to a height of 30-40 cm, and applied a layer of peat 5 cm. To avoid breakage of side branches under the weight of snow, they are tied to the trunk..
Pests and diseases
Fruit tree is most susceptible to the appearance of fungal diseases - scab and powdery mildew. In diseased trees, cracks, rot and cropland are lost, and the fruits grow irregularly.
The increased dampness can provoke one more kind of illness - fruit rot, which grows on ripening apples and can completely ruin the harvest.
Complex treatment of apple trees against fungal diseases:
- Destruction of the source of infection - diseased leaves, fruits;
- Spraying of the stubble circle with 10% solution of ammonium nitrate;
- use of the drug in the early spring;
- spraying with HOM (4%) after flowering;
- wood treatment with 7% urea solution before winter.
Autumn destroy or dig in all affected plant waste. Many gardeners fight fungal diseases by spraying with a solution of common salt (1 kg) and water (10 liters). The treatment is carried out before budding.
Pests of apples with red flesh
The most dangerous for apple trees are wood pests - bark beetle, scabbard and mites. They climb inside the bark, which greatly complicates the destruction work. To reduce the number of pests, the bark of the tree is treated with a solution of urea (7%) or copper sulfate (7%).
No less dangerous for the apple tree are pests that eat leaves and fruits, sucking most of the nutrients from the tree:
- fruit path,
- apple aphid,
- apple tree,
- leaf roller,
The first treatment from pests is important to do before bud blossoming, getting the solution on the exposed kidneys can lead to a burn. Spraying is carried out with a 7% urea solution, the wood and soil under it are treated.
At the same time, protective treatment is made to increase resistance to diseases and pests, and preparations are used: Zircon and Ecoberine. Work on the destruction of pests are carried out before flowering or after within 5-7 days..
Reviews of gardeners
Elena: These are unusual apples that were bred in California, and scientists are still working on them. The acquaintances who tried them speak of an unusual taste with surprisingly berry notes. Fruits do not lose taste and light during cooking. Do not become brown and do not oxidize. It is interesting that the variety was excreted for more than 20 years. The next year I plan to put in my place.
Sergei: We have such an apple tree. Fruit coloring during harvesting should be greenish-yellow, then they crawl out and acquire a golden hue, which means that apples are ready for use. Often the fruit is quickly crumbled from the tree.
Albina: I read about apples Pink pearls about three years ago, I was burning with the desire to plant myself on the site. Unfortunately, the seedlings destroyed the rodents. Now they have put everything in order, we will wait for the results. The trees are only one year old, they develop and look very good, the leaves and stems are healthy. Saplings bought in the nursery, where I was given detailed instructions, which greatly facilitated the landing and care.
Landing in the apple orchard apple cultivars Pink pearls are attractive for gardeners interested in exotic plants and aesthetes, which will not leave indifferent the unusual flowering of the fruit tree. The high yield and long storage without processing will provide the whole family with vitamins and minerals for a long period..