Small kitchen dimensions make arrangement to pick up for her compact versions, which can be placed in one of the pieces of furniture. These options can significantly save utility meters and centimeters, include built-hood. It takes up little space and does not affect the interior.
With the installation of exhaust technology built-in type can cope with their own hands, if you know all the rules and intricacies of the work. We'll show you how to select the unit for removing exhaust air in the kitchen, show you how to properly install the purchase.
The content of the article:
- Apparatus exhaust art
- Performance filters, control
- Rules of installation
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Apparatus exhaust art
Stretching of this type is often chosen for the kitchen with a small area, since it has a compact size. Of course, the purpose of the device is not limited to the problems of interior decoration. First of all, it is necessary for air cleaning from undesirable impurities which arise during cooking.
Presence allows you to quickly remove exhaust from the room odors emanating from cooking food, couple, dirt, etc. Recessed version fulfills all these requirements, and is compact and a small amount of noise emitted during work.
The disadvantages of such devices include the high price, which is fully offset by a solid advantage. With small dimensions of the device has the necessary performance levels.
Distinguish extracts horizontal and vertical type. The most common are considered first, because they are much easier to install.
One advantage of the built-in hoods - compact size and minimalist design that will fit well into the interior of any kitchen
The device can be mounted in a wall cabinet or in a special box. With a vertical option a bit more complicated, it must be installed directly into the wall, made for these purposes niche. Making this niche complicates installation. When you select a drawing you need to focus not only on its type, but also on the size of the hotplate surface.
By width of the sliding part embedded hoods should coincide with the width of the cabinet in which the device is encased
The width of the device may vary over a fairly wide range, from 45 to 90 cm. It should be remembered that the working width of the hoods should correspond as closely as possible the size of the cooking surface plate.
Only under this rule may be sufficient to achieve the efficiency of the device. The most popular model is considered to be the size of 60 cm.
An important element of the embedded drawing model - a filter for trapping grease. Horizontal hood is necessary before turning to put forward, that it is positioned over the entire area of the cooking surface. Filter the fat is located in the movable part. Some models are equipped with an additional air recirculation function.
Flow exhaust is completely removed from the kitchen exhaust air and circulating device clean it and leave the room
Such devices must be equipped with activated carbon filterThey are more expensive. They can operate in two modes: exhaust or recirculation. Determine the type of drawing to be before the kitchen furniture manufacturing because the cabinet in which the device is installed, should have suitable dimensions.
Popular Now exhaust recirculation good that is returned to the room is not only cleaned, but the warm air. Thus, much of the heat energy used for cooking and heating the air to remain within the house. However exhaust flow type clean the air better.
Another important parameter in the installation of a hood - the vertical distance from the cooking surface to the edge of the hood, i.e. to the bottom of the cabinet in which it is embedded. This parameter is strongly normalized, for electric it should be 70 cm and the gas to - 80 cm.
The distance from the cooking surface before stretching should be less than 65 cm and not more than 85 cm
Failure to do so will lead to a marked reduction in the efficiency of its work, it is possible that damage to the device. In some kitchens it is not possible to install the hood at a distance from the cooking surface at least 85 cm. In this case it is necessary to acquire construction with higher performance than calculated.
Exists plastic ducts with a square and circular cross-section. The round design is used less frequently than rectangular analogues, since the latter occupy considerably less space than a cylindrical channel.
It is preferable to use a plastic version with smooth walls, as they are better able to resist the accumulation of dirt.
Duct embedded kitchen hood should not be too long, do not recommend more than three turns, so as not to impair the operation of the device
Corrugated duct in this respect will create more problems, moreover, the passage of hot air through such a channel is formed an additional amount of noise. The maximum permissible level of sound interference, which can produce extract, is 70 decibels. It's a bit louder than the sound during normal conversation.
Despite these shortcomings, corrugated ducts widely used with extracts, as there are also virtues. Such a structure easy to mount, since it can be tilted and suitably bent. Therefore, do not need adapters or additional elements for a successful installation.
As a special duct corrugated hose can be used for built-in hood. It is easier to install, but it may make more noise than the plastic counterparts
But to turn the plastic duct is necessary to create a special knee. This design promotes the formation of eddies of hot air inside the channel, which is not too useful. To reduce the amount of dirt on the walls of the corrugated duct, during the installation of built-in hood should be a little stretch it.
If desired, a circular cross section such a construction can be made square to the duct took less space. This is another advantage of this type of structures. Good quality of embedded models demonstrate such extracts like Bosch DHL 545 S, Shindo MAYA 60 SS / BG, Elica KREA GFA WH / F / 60, Miele DA 2270, Sub-Zero Wolf, and others.
Performance filters, control
According to the sanitary standards for kitchens recommended a tenfold air change every hour. Therefore, when calculating the drawing should focus on performance volumes kitchens, expressed in cubic meters. To do this, multiply the length, width and height of the room, and the result is increased tenfold.
For example, for the kitchen area three to four meters and three meters ceiling height required performance hood (3 m x 4 m x 3 m x 10) of 360 cubic meters per hour. This is the minimum value.
The seller is advised to take the kitchen hood with some reserve power. If the device performance will be lower, he just can not cope with cleaning the kitchen air from pollution. For information on how to calculate the capacity of the cooker hood detail written here.
Grease filters vary in composition as:
- organic (based syntepon);
- paper (based nonwoven fabric);
- synthetic (acrylic-based);
- metal (aluminum or steel).
Paper filters - a one-time option, they must be replaced with new ones every time when they become dirty. Synthetic analogs can be washed, but it should be done very carefully, because they are easily damaged. From time to time they have to be replaced, too, though not as often as paper.
Metal filters are the most reliable, they are resistant to wear and tear tape. Coal varieties, which are used only in the units with recirculation, also can not be cleaned. They must be replaced in good time, otherwise the drawing performance can be significantly reduced.
Choosing the hood, should pay attention to its management style. Electronic control usually allows you to:
- automatically adjust the level of performance;
- change modes;
- configure to activate or deactivate the device in the automatic mode;
- lighting switch built in the presence of motion near the plate;
- light indication state filters, etc.
Among the useful features built-in cupboard hoods is possible to note the remaining play mode: fans while running after turning off the hood so as to maximize the complete removal contamination.
Additional ventilation mode allows you to automatically run exhaustion at low power at regular intervals to maintain optimum air circulation in the room the kitchen.
Rules of installation
To begin the installation you need from furniture, which will be built in an extract. If the cabinet is the right size, it is possible to continue with the normal mode, just by doing the necessary holes in the furniture, but it is not always possible. A small unit with parameters of 50-60 cm is usually placed in a standard cupboard.
All dimensions and specifications should be read carefully before installing the hood in order to correctly pick up the necessary elements and make the appropriate connectors
If it is not, then the owner of the kitchen are two options: to order a new furniture or to dismantle the wardrobe, to use a special box for drawing. The latter option has certain advantages, since the bottom of duct were collected separately, and then secured therein hood and only after that the entire structure mounted on the wall.
It looks like a box into which the hood. Construction is collected separately and then attached to the wall or furniture, it is more convenient, you put the device directly into the cabinet
On top of the hood mounted facade, so apparently hood looks neat and stylish. Solve the problem of lack of space can and using the minimum size device - 45 cm.
Such a model can be placed even in a very small enclosure. But we should remember that the compact in this case obtained at the expense of performance.
It is necessary to consider this point to not get the right size extractor is unable to cope with the required volume of work. If the cabinet is suitable in size, in its bottom have to make a hole under the hood because of its size. Sometimes it is more convenient to completely remove the bottom. At the top of the cabinet will also need to perform an opening for air.
At the top of the cabinet intended for recessed installation drawing, it is necessary to make a round or square hole for air duct
It can be round or rectangular configuration, all dependent on the type of duct. Often use flexible corrugated structure with a circular cross section, but there are also plastic ventilation ducts with a rectangular or square section.
Duct connects the hood with a hole in the wall, leading to a common air ducts in an apartment building or on the street, if it is a private building. Another cut will need to perform on the rear side of the cabinet to secure the device and install the outlet.
After all the necessary openings in the cabinet are ready, you can proceed directly to the installation device. First the hood is fixed in the cabinet or box. In this case, make sure that the moveable part of the device freely extends to the desired width.
Part embedded hoods extends so that it covers the entire surface of the plate. Only this attitude will effectively clean the air in the room
Thereafter, the connector duct is attached via a clamp to the top of the device. This mount, experts recommend to make split that left open the possibility for simple disassembly. Some artists use the sealant immediately, but professionals do not always approve of the decision.
To built hood was located in the closet properly, you may need the installation of an internal vertical partition, which is recommended to make a removable
Periodically, the design will have to disassemble, to clean it from the accumulation of fat and other contaminants. Note, however, that the compound should be sufficiently tight to ensure efficient removal of the contaminated air of the kitchen.
In most duct hoods withdrawn from the cabinet vertically, but sometimes this is done using a side draw from the rear wall. In this case, make a hole at the rear. Do not make the hole "is not eye", you must first apply the layout.
Some models of hood provided with convenient pattern that greatly facilitates the process execution marking device for floor mounting. If such a pattern is no need to carry out marking in the usual way, ie with a tape measure and spirit level. The exhaust must be installed strictly horizontal.
Installation Fitting the hood is usually performed after collect all the kitchen to the whole structure was comfortable and look neat. As a fastener for drawing typically use screws and plugs. Once installed in the hood duct into a corresponding hole sets a special adapter to connect the duct.
It then remains to bring it into the ventilation channel. Duct for extraction should be as small as possible in length, since this figure affects the overall performance of the device. The maximum permissible number of the tribes - three.
These points should be considered at the stage of the overall design of the kitchen design, it is recommended to install the stove as close as possible to a common ventilation duct at home. The diameter of the duct must be the same as the dimensions of the nozzle intended for him. Usually the rate is 120 mm or more.
Power cable should be removed upward, so that it does not overheat next to the cooking surface. On the back of the cabinet is usually made outlet
An important point - to select the correct position for the power cable. It should not pass directly above the hob.
The cable must be secured inside the enclosure and the socket to connect it to be installed near the rear wall, wherein the mounted hood. You can select another location for the outlet, the main thing that this part of the device does not overheat when turned on the stove.
After all installation work is finished, it is necessary to connect the device to the power supply, push part of the hood and test its operation. Ventilation of the kitchen facilities can be carried out with the help of an exhaust fan, but if the room is already installed hood, the use of additional devices is considered to be redundant.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Clearly the process of installing a hood shown here:
This video provides information on how to choose the right hood:
There is useful information about the carbon filter replacement:
Hood, which can be hidden behind furniture fronts - the perfect choice for almost any cuisine. Such a device produces little noise, does not spoil the interior and can be installed by one person in just a few hours.
If the hood is correctly matched, and its installation is executed without error, it will provide food for the desired ventilation intensity.
You want to tell us how to install the hood embedded in your own kitchen, or to report useful information on the topic of the article? Please write comments in the box located below. Ask questions, share your thoughts, photos, place the device selection process or installation.