features of sweet cherry fruitAmong them is the Leningrad Black Cherry. Description of the variety, photos of fruit bearing trees and ripe sweet cherries will help to ensure the success of the Russian breeders.
In the Soviet years, gardeners of the Non-Black Earth Region and the North-West of the country were deprived of the opportunity to even dream of growing sweet cherries. These cultures have traditionally been considered southern and unsuitable for industrial gardening. Therefore, the breeding of winter-hardy varieties became possible relatively recently. Not a single variety for the northern and western regions of Russia has yet been officially included in the State Register, however, thousands of summer residents are already eating sweet juicy fruits from their own plots. This is indicated by reviews of the Leningradskaya black black cherry, as well as the description of the characteristics of the fruit plant.
Characteristics of the sweet cherry variety Leningradskaya black
The variety of medium ripening times is considered to be one of the most frost-resistant, hardy varieties. It can be successfully grown from the central black earth zone to the Leningrad region.
In the conditions of frosty winters, not too warm and sunny summer, the early arrival of cold and spring frosts, the variety shows high resistance and yield.
Saplings in the first years after planting grow rapidly and already at the age of three they bloom, forming the first ovary. In the future, the growth rate is somewhat reduced, which does not interfere with the Leningradskaya black variety cherries, according to the description and photo, form a volumetric, sprawling crown up to 3-5 meters high. Growing, branches can make the crown too thick, impermeable to sunlight and air. The large elliptical foliage with jagged edges, pointed tips and elongated petioles complements the effect, so the trees need particularly careful pruning.
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cherries After the May flowering, a ovary appears on the bouquet branches. Collected in bunches of 2-5 pieces of fruit quickly poured. In the Black Earth regions, the harvest can be harvested at the end of June, in the North-West this period is delayed by 2-4 weeks. For black cherries Leningradskaya black is characterized by non-simultaneous ripening of fruits. When the first of them have already acquired a thick, almost black color and sweet dessert taste, others are still preparing to pour.
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Features of sweet cherry fruitUnder the dense burgundy dark skin lies rich red flesh. The berries have a pleasant sweet taste, barely noticeable sourness and light spice. The sugar content depends on the growing conditions, the place of planting and the care of the sweet Leningrad black. The spring and summer are warmer, the more fruit is poured and the taste is better. If June is rainy, the sugar content drops, and the flesh seems slightly watery. The same happens when excessive watering.
To ensure maximum yield and quality of fruits, for planting cherries choose places protected from wind and frost with light, aerated soil. In addition, the self-sterile variety needs pollinators, which are planted in close proximity.
Leningradskaya Black Pulp of Cherries, according to the description of the variety and photo, hides a medium-sized, oval-shaped bone. In ripe fruits, it is quite easily removed, which helps the summer resident to transform fresh cherries into excellent ruby red compote, tasty jam or jam without unnecessary trouble. In the refrigerator, the fruits taken from the branches during the week are stored well and can be transported.
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Another feature and advantage of the variety is the ability of ripe sweet cherries not to crumble for a long time, which is very important for non-simultaneous ripening. During the season, one adult tree gives from 20 to 40 kg of sweet black and red berries.
The following varieties are used as pollinators for Leningradskaya black cherries such as Iput, Tyutchevka, Fatezh, Ovstuzhenka, Veda, Bryansk Rose and Bryanochka, Michurinka, as well as cherries of Leningradskaya with fruits of yellow and pink color. When selecting pollinators take into account not only the flowering period, but also the frost resistance of trees. In addition to the winter cold, the spring sun may threaten the sweet cherry. It is this that causes the appearance of burns on perennial wood, its cracking and weakening.
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