Studying cow breeds based on photos and descriptionsFrom cereals used soybeans, corn and wheat, barley peas. Essential ingredients are sunflower seed cake, all kinds of mealings, vegetable oils, and mineral supplements.
Components and their concentration in the recipe of compound feed for laying hens are selected so that the feed covers all the body's needs for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, macro-and microelements and most of the vitamins.
Consumption rates of feed for chickens and laying hens
In most cases, grain mixtures, other dry and wet feed to birds are set by eye with the expectation that in 30-40 minutes the portion will be finished. But how in such a situation to check whether all the chickens are full? Did everyone get green fodder that replenishes the body with vitamins necessary for digestion with fiber and mineral salts? Did any hen manage to eat some grain, or did she hesitate, and only bran and shell remained in the feeder?
In the case of mixed feed, it is much easier to control and adjust consumption, since one full ration product contains all the substances necessary for poultry.
How much feed does a hen chicken eat? The number depends on the age and weight of the bird, as well as the period of the year. On average, an adult chicken eats about 120 grams of full-feed. If the menu includes green fodder, hay or grain, reduce the portion, watching the condition of the bird and its egg production.
It is very important not to allow chickens to be hungry. But no less dangerous and overfeeding feed for laying hens, the price of this - reducing the number of eggs and the deterioration of well-being of feathered pets.
The needs of the organism inevitably change with age, therefore for chickens and laying hens feeds vary in composition. Young animals are fed several times a day, but with the beginning of the egg-laying period, chickens should be fed in the morning and evening.
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What feed is better for laying hens?
Compound feeds are crumbly and granulated. The latter stimulate digestion and are intended for actively moving chickens. It is better for chickens and young animals contained without walking to produce looser mixtures.
If the hens feed only on dry food, it is extremely important to provide the bird with constant access to clean drinking water, otherwise even the highest quality and balanced composition will only cause indigestion and will not benefit the birds.
Which feed for laying hens is better? There is no unequivocal answer, since the choice largely depends on the taste of the bird, and on the subjective preferences of the poultry farmer, and on the price of compound feed for laying hens.
Among the varieties that are popular among poultry farmers, you can find the PK-1 compound feed. This is a complete composition for layers, which includes everything to maintain the well-being of the animals, which can be seen only once looking at the composition of the feed given in the table and comparing it with another concentrated product.
It is not enough to ensure the maintenance of life in the bird, it is important to give it the proper amount of plant and animal proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Therefore, in addition to grain and herbs, in the feed for laying hens include yeast, bran, chalk, meat and bone meal or fish meal, which is especially important for egg chickens.
Premixes are used to compensate for the vitamin and mineral deficiency when using compound feeds for laying hens, which have a beneficial effect on the immune system of the hen, its condition and egg production.
Compound feed for laying hens with your own hands
If the price of feed for laying hens to a poultry farmer seems too high, or in the countryside there is no possibility to regularly replenish supplies, high-quality feed can be prepared at home. Here you will not have to worry about the composition and naturalness of all components, which means that the hens will receive decent nutrition and will bring an ecologically clean, healthy egg.
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The corresponding feed below for the laying hens can be made in any household equipped with the simplest equipment for grinding grain and grass, drying and mixing the resulting mass.
Herbs, foliage or tops are dried in the shade before cooking, and then thoroughly ground. Also come with a grain that you want to sift, removing extraneous inclusions. Dry components are mixed after grinding. Chalk, salt and other components present in the recipe are added to them. Loose feed after that can be given to the bird, but to prepare the granules, first with a small amount of warm water, thick dough is kneaded, which is passed through an extruder and dried.
Whatever the recipe for feed for laying hens the poultry farmer chooses, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the birds when switching to a new diet, and adhere to the recommended consumption rates.
Only if these conditions are met can we expect that the feed will bring maximum benefit and show all its advantages.
In the summer, feed can be combined with the distribution of green grass, garden crop tops, melons and other succulent fodder available on the farm. Do not forget about the constant availability of clean water and gravel in the house. Their presence is mandatory for any method of feeding.
We prepare feed for layers ourselves - video