Principle of operation of the convector heater

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The market for HVAC equipment for the home and office is diverse. A significant proportion of devices are heaters of different types. Consider the difference between a convector heater, the principle of operation of this device.

Three types of heat exchange

Heat transfer from a warm object to a cold one occurs in three ways:

  1. Direct heat transfer is the direct transfer of heat when objects come in at different temperatures. Heat transfer occurs due to the Brownian motion of molecules and the transfer of energy during the collision of molecules. The principle of heat transfer is used in electric stoves.
  2. The higher the temperature of the heated object, the more active the transfer of energy by radiation. This phenomenon is used in infrared heaters. The difference of this type of heating: it is not the air that heats up, but the objects on which the beams fall.
  3. The third type of heat exchange is convection, that is, heat transfer through the movement of heated air.

Consider how a convector heater works.
Its operation is based on air convection. The heated air expands, becomes lighter and rises, and the cold air descends. The heating element is located inside the housing, having openings in the lower and upper parts. Cold air enters the device through the bottom openings;in the process of heating the air expands and exits through the upper holes. Quiet air circulation occurs in the room, and the temperature gradually rises.

Read also: Self-heating the floor in a wooden house

Eco-friendly principle of operation of the convector heater

Among the advantages of this equipment are safety and environmental friendliness. Electric heaters of convector type work as follows.

The heating element located inside the case has a safe temperature, its efficiency is determined by a significant heating area and the correct direction of air flow. Touching the heater cannot cause burns. The elevated temperature of the heater is not so high as to cause chemical reactions in the air. This means that oxygen in the room does not burn out, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide are not formed.

If we compare the fan heater and the convector heater, then it should be noted that the fan heater heats the room faster, but it uses elements that are heated to high temperatures and worsen the state of the air.

Convector heater is not so fast, but environmentally friendly.

Principle of operation of a convector heater - maintaining a stable temperature

If the cold air entering the heater has a sufficiently high temperature, the electric current is temporarily disconnected. This process is monitored by electronics. A temperature sensor is located on the body, information is transmitted to an automatic device that turns on or off the supply of electric current. This system eliminates the overheating of air in the room. On some types of heaters installed a digital indicator that displays the temperature in the room.

Read also: Chinese portable outdoor heaters

How does a convector heater work in the fall and winter?

The maximum power of a convector heater is 2 kW.This is enough to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature of no more than 20 square meters, provided that the temperature outside the window has not dropped below zero. This heater is effective during the fall in temperature.

In winter, during frosts, the power of 2 kW is insufficient for heating the room. A convector heater does not replace central heating, but can provide an additional source of heat during frosts.

In addition to power, the volume of circulating air plays an important role for this type of heater. It is necessary to remember how the convector heater works: through it during the circulation process the air in the room should pass. It is believed that for every ten square meters required 1 kW of heater power. If the room has an area of ​​more than 20 square meters, then one heater is indispensable - there should be at least two of them.


Is it possible to increase heating efficiency by installing tight-fitting windows and doors? In fact, air heating will become more efficient, but the hygienic norms of air composition may be violated. The problem is that a certain amount of air can not always be in the living room, ventilation is required. With an area of ​​20 square meters, an hourly exchange of 20 cubic meters of air is required. If the air entering the room passes through a convector, then people will not feel the sudden cooling in the room.

Read also: Planting potatoes with a walk-behind tiller

Design and design of convector heaters

Convector heaters have the appearance of flat panels. They have a significant lateral surface and a small thickness. Structurally, these devices are divided into wall and floor.

Wall mounted version saves space. Pleasant light color of the case contributes to the fact that the heater fits naturally into the interior.
The floor structure has its advantages: the heating panel is mounted on wheels, the heater can be moved around the room.

Video on the principle of operation of heaters( from 3.30 min)

Video on the production and principle of operation of convectors

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