Garden Rose - one of the most difficult to grow crops. The plant has a number of biological features, so any violation of agricultural technology can lead to irreversible consequences.
One of them is the transformation of a cultivated plant into wild rose, the process of which can be stopped with timely detection. In this article, we will look at why a rose is turning into a wild rose, how to understand what rebirth has begun, and what steps can be taken to prevent rebirth.
Table of contents
- How to distinguish a rose from a wild rose?
- Why does a rose turn into a dog rose?
- What to do to prevent the rose from being reborn?
- Rose Care
How to distinguish rose from rosehip?
So, how to distinguish a rose and a dog rose? The rose is the cultural form of the Rosehip plant. Most of the varieties and hybrids of the plant were obtained as a result of breeding work, and some by selection from wild species of wild rose. Therefore, wild rose and rose have genetic and external similarities.
There are three main features by which the plant species can be determined:
- leaves. In roses, they are dark green in color, dense and leathery with slightly rounded tips and with a shiny surface. Basically, all varieties on the stem formed by 3-5 leaves. Rosehip leaves are light olive in color, matte and rough with 5-7 leaves with pointed tips.
- Shoots. Young shoots have a reddish tint, and over time acquire a green color. In rose hips shoots are green and thinner.
- Spikes. They are strong and rare in roses. Brier stems are completely covered with short spines, they can also be found on the petioles and sepals.
In some cases, it is difficult to distinguish between two plant species by these characteristics. Climbing roses also have 7 leaves each, and some varieties have small and frequent spikes. Therefore, the main sign can be considered the color of young shoots. Knowledge of the varietal characteristics of the plant will help to avoid many problems, so when you purchase a seedling you need to get detailed advice.
Why does a rose turn into a wild rose?
Rose can be propagated in different ways: cuttings or from another vegetative material. However, not all own-rooted plants are capable of settling down and enduring the harsh for winter crop of the middle and northern regions.
Rosehip is an unpretentious plant with powerful stem roots, adapted to different soil conditions and prolonged drought. The culture has high winter hardiness, thanks to which it is quietly developing even in the most severe conditions. Therefore, the plant is often used as a stock to the rose in nurseries and private gardening.
The reason for this may lie in the gardener's illiteracy and the dishonesty of the producers of planting material. This is a purchase of a seedling, which has rose hips left below the vaccination site. After planting, rosehip shoots will grow from the remaining buds, which will take away nutrients. Cultural shoots, not receiving proper nutrition will soon die or cease to develop.
Incorrect stock selection becomes a frequent cause of rebirth. Some species of wild rose are characterized by aggressive growth and are able to form shoots of roots that quickly suppress the growth of cultivated shoots.
Improper planting of a seedling without deepening the grafting site leads to a quick weakening of the scion, the place of which will quickly be taken by the shoots of a more hardy rosehip. The reason may be a violation of agricultural engineering: the lack of hilling or shelter for the winter.
Lack of necessary dressing, defeat by pests, fungal or viral diseases can lead to the death of a rose, and next year in its place a wild rose will sprout.
Rose Flowers Reborn in Rose Hip What to do to prevent the rose from being reborn?
In order to reduce the risks of a problem, it is important to take a responsibility to approach the purchase of a seedling. Acquire planting material is better in reputable nurseries or garden centers, where you can additionally get advice on agricultural technology.
You need to inspect a seedling, make sure that there are no buds under the graft, evaluate the shoots and leaves by distinctive features.
At the first signs of the rebirth of a rose, you need to start quick actions:
- dig up a vaccination site;
- to find the area of sprouting sprouting;
- cut rosehip shoots at the base;
- cut the place cut with iodine.
This is not a final solution. The procedure will have to be carried out 2-3 times during the growing season. In the spring of next year, the re-formation of shoots is possible, so such activities may be needed throughout the life of the rose. The shoots may appear at a distance of one meter from the stem of the plant, it must also be removed.
If the variety of roses is relatively winter-hardy, you can transfer it to your own roots. At the same time, it is important to know that such bushes of the maximum ornamental value achieved by 3-4 years. The procedure is carried out in the spring after the soil is heated. To do this, a trench is dug from the trunk, into which an escape is laid and secured with wire pins.
Shoot the roses sprinkled with loose and nutritious soil, leaving the top in an upright position outside. To do this, it is tied to a peg. In the spring of next year, the rooted plant is separated and transplanted to a new location.
To prevent the wild plant from being transformed into a wild form, you need to follow a number of care rules, especially if the rose is prone to this. This additional nutrition and protection from the effects of negative factors.
The first dressing of roses is carried out in the second decade of April. For this, nitrogen fertilizers are used: ammonium nitrate or urea. For this, 1 tbsp.lThe drug is diluted in 10 liters of warm water. Norm for one bush 1 l. The second dressing is done in June, during the period of budding. For this, apply solutions of organic fertilizers: mullein( 1: 10) or chicken manure( 1: 20).
After completion of flowering, the plant is fed with a mineral complex with an equal content of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The finishing fertilizer is carried out in September; for this purpose, potassium magnesia( 20 g) is used.
Pour over rose with separated or rain water. The procedure is carried out twice a week in hot weather. Consumption per 1 bush 10 liters. On cloudy days, they are guided by the condition of the soil, avoiding excessive drying. During each irrigation you need to inspect the place of vaccination, it should not be exposed.
In the early spring and after flowering preventive treatment of diseases and pests is carried out. D For this purpose, universal preparations of the fungicidal and insecticidal action are used. Mulching of the trunk circle with peat or compost will suppress the growth of weeds, regulate the moisture balance in the soil, feeding the roots with useful substances.
This event is held in the third decade of October. Before this, all weak and damaged shoots are completely removed. Healthy stems shorten by 1/3.Roots spud 20 cm, pristvolny circle covered with sawdust and spruce. In order to prevent heating in the spring, after warming, covering materials are removed and sanitary pruning is carried out.
The basis of the emergence of a specific problem in any crop is the illiteracy of a gardener or a violation of the plant’s agricultural practices. During the development of a new plant, first of all, it is necessary to study all its biological features, assess its strength, time and capabilities. Careful and competent care is able to work wonders, even when growing such a capricious plant as a rose. It only depends on you whether the rose is reborn as wild rose or not.