Standard tomatoes are a new, growing variety of tomatoes. Among their fellows, they stand out and compact bush - such a bush there is no need to tie up. They have a compact root system, which makes it possible to get a good harvest even if the planting is thickened. The gardeners are paying more and more attention to this species and are beginning to cultivate it in their plots.
Table of contents
- What are standard tomatoes?
- Benefits of Tomatoes
- Most Popular Tomato Varieties
- Cheerful Dwarf
- Extreme North
- Planting Rules for Tomatoes of this Variety
- Tomatoes Care Forces of ausaftrarstepsteps
- Planting Rules for Planting Tomatoes of this Grade
Stambov is considered to be such varieties of tomatoes, which have a thick and resistant stem, do not require a pinching and look like a miniature tree. Their roots lie close to the surface and are very compact, like the plants themselves. This makes it possible to plant almost twice as many plants in the same area as compared with ordinary varieties, and significantly increase the yield.
Standard varieties do not curl and do not need additional supports. However, under the weight of their own fruits, they can fall on the ground. This does not affect further growth and development. Plants are weather resistant, do not require additional care.When choosing a variety, it is necessary to take zoning into account, since these tomatoes grow mainly in open ground and it is necessary to take into account the ripening time for each region.
Benefits of Tomatoes
Evening gardeners and gardeners successfully grow standard tomatoes with practically no experience and practical skills to grow tomatoes. This is not surprising, because the varieties are unpretentious, and they have significant advantages compared to their usual counterparts. These include:
- strong vertical trunk;
- low growth, which does not require additional garter and installation of supports;
- roots are close to the surface and absorb nutrients, moisture;
- the possibility of thickened plantings, the yield increases from 1 square meter;
- resistance to drought and cold snap;
- accelerated formation of the ovary, as well as fruit ripening;
- no need for pasynkovanii;
- formation of a large number of fruits, which ensures excellent yield;
- tolerate picking and transplanting;
- fruits are perfectly stored, without losing their commodity and taste.
It is thanks to these advantages that standard tomatoes are successfully grown by both summer residents and gardeners, as well as by farmers at a professional level. Breeders, on the other hand, present them with a variety of varieties that differ in both the color and shape of the fruit, and the taste.
The most popular varieties of tomato
Despite the wide variety of varieties of standard tomatoes, it was possible to earn the greatest popularity as follows.
Represented by plants with both red and yellow fruits. Zoned for almost all regions, the fruits ripen 95 days after emergence of shoots. Fruits are cylindrical, medium size. Perfectly suited for both preservation and fresh consumption.
Refers to standard tomatoes, but the height of the bush sometimes reaches 1 meter. Suitable for cultivation in open ground and protected. Mid-season grade with yellow fruits weighing up to 100 grams. The flesh is very dense and tasty. Good for salting and canning.The Antoshka variety is perfectly adapted to low temperatures, which makes it possible to grow it even in harsh climates.
Refers to very early varieties, the fruits begin to ripen only 90 days after the emergence of shoots. Tomatoes are very productive, the height of the bush is about half a meter. Fruits differ in an unusual cylindrical form with very dense pulp. Well suited for fresh consumption and for the preparation of ketchup.
Mid-season variety, characterized by increased resistance to late blight. It is recommended to grow seedling way. The fruits are very fleshy, resistant to cracking. Their shape is oval, somewhat elongated. The weight of one fruit can reach 60 grams. Productivity is high.Grade Antoshka Grade Shuttle Merry Dwarf Grade Buyan Extreme North
Low-growing variety for open ground. The fruits ripen amicably, but rather late( 100 days after the emergence of shoots).Resistant to late blight and root rot. Fruits weighing up to 80 grams have excellent taste. Their purpose is universal.“The Far North” is a very fruitful variety; up to 17 kg of fruits can be harvested from one square meter of land.
Planting Rules for Tomatoes of this Variety
This type of tomato is planted on seedlings according to the same principle as the ordinary ones. There are no particular differences in this procedure. The only thing - they are less stretched and do not bend under the weight of the leaves.
For the sowing of seeds, a light soil is selected that will allow the air to flow well and not accumulate excess moisture. Pre-calcined in a preheated oven for 15 minutes, after cooling, pour in a prepared container. Then they make small grooves and carefully spread the seeds. At the end, the crops are sprinkled with a layer of soil, covered with glass or polyethylene and put in a well-lit place. Care for seedlings in the same way as for ordinary tomatoes.
Tomatoes in the garden are planted at a distance of 25-35 cm from each other. In between rows they make a distance of 50-60 cm. To make the bushes neat and compact, they do not need to be watered much. Also, do not zealous with fertilizers, in particular with nitrogen.
Features of Tomato Care
Standard tomatoes do not require intensive care. Watering should be done as the top soil ball dries. The root system of them is located close to the surface, so you should exclude excessive watering. Periodically, you need to loosen the ground so that it is well ventilated and excess moisture can evaporate without problems.
The basis of caring for tomatoes is the fight against weeds and pests. For this purpose, weeds should be removed regularly and also mulching should be done. It will help retain moisture in hot weather, but also prevent the growth of weeds. In order to prevent the spread of fungal diseases, it is advisable to carry out the treatment with fungicidal preparations. Very effectively proved the treatment of plants Bordeaux mixture.This species practically does not need additional feedings and fertilizers, especially nitrogen. If their number is abundant, then the bush will grow too much, and the green mass will grow more than expected.
This is fraught with lower yields. If the soil in the area is poor and poorly fruiting, then you can use the available organic fertilizers.
Reviews of Gardeners
Many gardeners have already come across personal experience from growing standard tomatoes. They have already formed a definite opinion, which they willingly share with their colleagues.
Vladimir Vasilyevich, pensioner: “I am engaged in growing standard tomatoes recently. I advised to try a neighbor in the country. While I found for myself only positive aspects in them. Perfect for preservation, salads. I cultivate the Buyan variety with yellow fruits and Shuttle. ”
Anna Georgievna, summer resident: “ Standard tomatoes have been interested in me for a long time. Initially, they grew them on the balcony( sort Snegirek), and then planted them in the country. For the dacha I chose the Antoshka and Buyan varieties. The yield is high, the taste of the fruit is just excellent .The whole family is very happy! ”
Victoria Denisovna, summer resident: “I heard a lot of commendation from neighbors about standard tomatoes and decided to try growing them in my own plot. I must say, I expected a better result. The selected variety was not sufficiently resistant to disease, so the harvest barely succeeded. Now, I think, is it worth experimenting for the next season. .. ".
Larisa Petrovna, dachnitsa: “A seedling of standard tomatoes for me was acquired by a son on the advice of the seller. The woman convinced that with minimal care we would still be with the harvest. I want to say that she did not deceive. Due to my health, I cannot pay enough attention to the garden, but still the standard tomatoes pleased our family with an excellent harvest. It’s a pity the son didn’t remember the name of the variety, but now I collect the seeds myself! ”
Viktor Sergeevich, summer resident: “I saw a TV show on standard tomato varieties on TV and decided to grow them in my plot in the summer season. The seedlings of the Shuttle grown independently. The site is small, because the plants had to plant quite thick. But even in this case, they gave a good harvest. There was no particular trouble with leaving, but the whole season we ate wonderful tomatoes, and also engaged in preservation! ”
Standard tomato varieties have proven themselves very well. They are unpretentious, give good yields, the fruits have excellent taste and commodity qualities. Even novice gardeners can grow these plants. That is why not only amateurs, but also professionals prefer them now.