The atria cabbage variety was obtained in a hybrid way by Dutch breeders. This vegetable culture has gained immense popularity among gardeners and is widely used in cooking.
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Atria is a late-aging variety with medium-sized, tight, round heads. The main characteristics of the atrium cabbage are: oval leaves, dense, slightly curved, leaf color is bright green. On sheets noticeable wax coating. The weight of the head from an average of 1.5 kg to 8 kg. Aging period is 135–150 days.
The following is a description of the advantages of this variety:
- excellent taste;
- widely used in cooking;
- impeccable presentation;
- good transportability;
- does not tend to crack;
- high disease resistance;
- high yield;
- storage time - six months.
Preparation of seeds of cabbage atriumSeeds must be hardened before planting and check for germination.
Hardening is performed as follows:
- Immerse the seed in hot water with a temperature of 50-60 degrees. Let stand for 15–20 minutes, remove and pour ice-cold water for 2 minutes. After that, soak for 12 hours in a solution of nitroammofoski and rinse thoroughly.
- Wrap the seeds in a damp napkin and leave for 5-6 days. The cloth should be moistened to prevent drying. After 6 days, throw away all non-germinated seeds.
For planting seeds, you must prepare a special soil. To do this, in the same parts in wooden boxes you need to mix the turf soil, calcined river sand and peat. If there is no turf land, then you can use the land from the vegetable garden, after having previously disinfected it with a strong solution of manganese. Disinfection is necessary to protect young plants from disease. Be sure to feed the soil you need to make superphosphate and ash at the rate of:
- soil - 1 bucket;
- ash - 8–10 grams;
- superphosphate - 18 grams.
In the prepared soil, make grooves up to 2 cm deep, sow the seeds at a distance of 1 cm from each other. Grooves covered with earth and a little rammed. Box with seeds put in a room with a temperature of +20 degrees. Seeds will sprout for 5 days. After that, seedlings are transferred to a room with a temperature of no more than +7 degrees. At non-observance of such temperature condition saplings perish.
After 10 days, when the first two leaves appear, the seedlings need to dive. For this it is best to take peat cups. The cups are filled with the same soil mixture as for planting seeds. Before transplanting, it is recommended to water a weak solution of manganese. Carefully dig up seedlings so as not to damage the roots. It is more convenient to make a teaspoon. After transplantation, you need to move the seedlings closer to natural light and reduce the temperature in the room: in the daytime to 12 degrees, and at night to 6-8 degrees.
After 22-25 days, when there will be 4 leaves on the seedlings, they can be planted in open soil.
When there are two leaves on the seedlings, you must first feed them. To do this, you need to make a solution of the following ingredients:
- water - 1 liter;
- mineral fertilizer - 1/2 part of the tablet.
Spray the seedlings with this solution.The following dressing needs to be done during the hardening period.
The solution is prepared in the following proportions:
- water - 10 liters;
- urea - 4 grams;
- potassium chloride - 3 grams;
- potassium sulfate - 3 grams.
Hardening of seedlings
Seedlings should be hardened before transplanting. Perform the tempering procedure for one and a half - two weeks before transplanting to a permanent place. Hardening is carried out in the following sequence:
- In the room we open the window for 4-6 hours. We do it the first two days.
- Then we take out the boxes with the seedlings on the balcony for 7 days and bring them into the room only for the night.
- For a full day we leave the seedlings on the balcony 5 days before the transplant.
In order to get a good harvest it is important to properly prepare the soil and determine the planting location of the seedlings. Atria loves fertile peaty soil. The plot for the growth of this variety should be well lit. The lack of light will affect the formation of heads. It grows well in the garden, where tomatoes, peas, onions, potatoes, and cucumber previously grew.
The soil for growing cabbage is prepared in the fall. They dig a bed to a depth of 25–30 cm and, without loosening, leave until spring. In spring, the soil is leveled and dug to a depth of 15 cm, the weed removed. Then fertilizers are applied - per 1 sq. M.4–6 kg meter of rotted mullein and dug a bed 8 cm deep before transplanting seedlings.
Transplanting seedlings into open soil.
It is best to replant the atria in open ground on May 15–20.By this time, the soil is already warm enough and the probability of frost is minimal. The distance between seedlings should be 35–40 cm. The aisle should be 60 cm wide. Transplantation is best done in the late afternoon. Seedlings dripped to the first leaflets. For better survival, seedlings should be sprayed for six days at least three times a day. It should also be borne in mind that the roots of the atria are still weak at this moment. Therefore, for two months after planting, weeds should be carefully removed and the soil loosened.Hilling is another prerequisite. It should be done after each watering and loosening.
This will help the moisture to last longer in the soil. During the summer should feed 5-6 times. For these purposes, well suited rotted mullein or chicken droppings. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after the landing. The second is 35 days after transplantation. Further feeding is carried out once a month. Fertilizers need to be watered well to avoid burns.
Diseases and methods of controlling them
The most common diseases of Atria include:
- black leg;
The root system is affected in these diseases. In this case, the seedlings are pulled out, and the land on the site is covered with lime.
Another common disease is mildew. It hits the leaves. With this disease, it is necessary to normalize the humidity and treat the cabbage with a solution of Bordeaux mixture in the following ratio: for 1 bucket of water, 500 ml of solution.
Cabbage pests include:
Black leg of cabbage seedling Cruciferous bug Caterpillars on cabbage leaf Cabbage aphid Kiel at the root of cabbage
- cruciferous bugs;
- caterpillar cabbage scoops;
- cabbage caterpillar;
Harvest is harvested in late October - early November. Cabbage cut and spread on racks or in boxes in one row. The cabbage is put by the stalk up; the heads of cabbages should not be in contact with each other. The temperature in the basement should be no higher than +2 degrees, humidity 93–97%. When properly stored, it retains its taste and presentation until spring. It is noticed that in 1.5 months after collecting the taste qualities of cabbage are noticeably improved. The fiber contained in the leaflet becomes less coarse, and it acquires juiciness. Observing all the recommendations is not difficult to grow this kind of cabbage. Rich harvest!