A balanced diet is one of the pledges of poultry health. Experienced farmers pay due attention to saturating the feed with vitamins and microelements.
A sufficient level of intake of vitamins improves metabolism, increases immunity, contributes to the normal development of the body. With insufficiently enriched with vitamins food and feed, bird owners often resort to using synthetic vitamin complexes to restore normal balance.
One of the most popular vitamin complexes for poultry is trivitamin.
- Application for broilers
- Pharmacological action
- Release form and dosage
- trivitamin chicken
- Applications funds for goslings
- Trivia for
- turkeys for the young of other species
- for use trivitamin Instruction for adult birds
- Side effects and contraindications
Trivitamin is intended for therapeutic and prophylactic measures against hypovitaminosis A, D and E - one of the most significant forvitamin activity.
With a lack of vitamin A, the body’s resistance to various infections is reduced, the regulation of normal functioning and the capacity for regeneration of epithelial tissues, including mucous membranes, deteriorates.
Signs that show the use of trivitamin due to vitamin A deficiency in birds:
- deterioration of vision ;
- disorder of the digestive organs;
- deterioration of reproductive ability ;
- reduced the number of eggs in a clutch;
- an increase in the number of unfertilized eggs;
- deterioration of feather cover ( in severe cases, loss of feathers);
- curvature and fragility claws ;
- Violations activities of the upper respiratory tract;
- weakness feet;
- conjunctivitis ;
In the case of hypovitaminosis D, the absorption of calcium is severely impaired, because it is this vitamin that is naturally synthesized in the body under the influence of sunlight.
Its main function is to ensure normal growth and development of bones, in particular, the normal development of growth rates of young animals depends on how well calcium is absorbed in the body under the influence of vitamin D.
Vitamin E is another element affecting growth. In addition, a lack of vitamin E can signal a decrease in fertility in poultry, central nervous system disorders, muscle weakness and degeneration.
Also, vitamin E is responsible for the normal development of embryos , therefore, for the full health of the offspring. The reduction in egg production and the underdevelopment of embryos indicate the need for the use of vitamin supplements.
That is why, especially growing birds in conditions of poultry farms without the possibility of staying outdoors and feeding birds with natural feed, it is necessary to use medicinal vitamin bait for the full development of the entire livestock.
Due to the physiologically sound combination of active ingredients( vitamins A, E and D3) in optimal ratios for the body, trivitamin has a high synergistic effect when using medicine for vitamin supplementation of agricultural poultry for both therapeutic and preventive purposes.
Release form and dosage
This drug is available in two forms - as a solution for injection and for oral administration. The solution for injection is packaged in a container with a volume of 100 ml. Packages used for feeding poultry, are usually produced in volumes of 10, 100 and 1000 ml.
Also on sale are the release forms of trivitamin in large canisters with a capacity of up to 34 liters, designed for large farms with large populations of agricultural animals. The drug itself is an oily liquid from light yellow to brown with a permissible slight turbidity and a characteristic odor of vegetable oil.
No GMOs, carcinogens, chemicals, or other health hazardous elements are used in the production process of this multivitamin.
There are several drugs with a similar composition:
. Despite the fact that these drugs are the same direction, the ratio of vitamins in them is somewhat different.
Solutions for internal administration can also be used orally, however, it should be borne in mind that the vitamins in the composition are fat-soluble, so adding them to the drink, and not in the feed, can lead to unequal saturation of these elements of individual individuals and as a result, overdose.
The use of preparations based on vitamin D3 should be carried out strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. An overdose of such agents can have a very negative impact on health and vital signs.
Trivitamin for chickens
The use of a vitamin complex for growing chickens helps to avoid a number of problems that novice farmers may encounter, such as rickets of chicks, lameness, swelling of the joints of the limbs. For prophylaxis, administration of trivitamin is introduced for 5-7 days of chick life, especially, especially if greens are not added to the diet.
The average allowable dose recommended by the manufacturer for chickens from the age of one week is 515 ml / 10 kg of feed.
In individual therapy, 2 drops are given for chickens of meat and egg lines 9 weeks old and 3 drops for broiler chickens over 5 weeks old.
When treating, a medicine is given daily for 3-4 weeks until the disease is completely eliminated, after which the weekly dose is taken according to the prophylactic regimen.
Use of the goslings
Goslings, as well as the ducklings, at the age of 1-8 weeks, the recommended dose is 7.3 ml per 10 kg of feed. Moreover, it should be borne in mind that the dose for the repair of young geese is equal to 3.7 ml per 10 kg of feed. Preventive feeding with a mixture of feed with trivitaminom carried out once a week.
In the presence of walking for goslings with access to fresh grass, preventive treatment of beriberi can be avoided. If symptoms of vitamin deficiency are detected in individual individuals, individual treatment should be carried out with instillation of an agent in the beak of an individual bird daily for 3–4 weeks until the disease associated symptoms are completely eliminated.
The dose for young geese is 5 drops per bird.
Tries for poults
As well as chicks of other breeds of poultry, turkey poults need to be enriched with vitamins, especially when grown on a large scale in a factory farm or large farms.
A prophylactic dose of medication is calculated depending on the number of heads in the flock and the mass of feed consumed.
For young turkeys aged 1-8 weeks, 14.6 ml of the drug per 10 kg of feed is used once a week. The replacement turkey youngsters give 5.2 ml of trivitamin per 10 kg of feed. For medicinal purposes, poults are given 8 drops daily for 3-4 weeks.
For the young of other varieties of
The product is used for vitamin supplements for the prevention and treatment of different types of poultry for chicks. This quail and guinea fowl ducks. The manufacturer's recommendations should be followed in the instructions for the preparation, observing the dosage for each specific species of birds.
Subsequently, the feed enriched with the preparation should not be subjected to heat treatment and stored for more than a day due to the fact that most of the vitamins are destroyed during storage and high temperature.
Instructions for use of trivitamin for adult birds
The drug is used in the treatment and prevention of conditions caused by beriberi for adults of agricultural birds. The recommended regimen is 1 drop of the drug per head daily.
For group use by adding to feed, the following values are used:
- Chickens and turkeys - 7 ml per 10 kg of feed.
- Ducks -10 ml / 10kg.
- Geese -8 ml / 10kg.
Side Effects and Contraindications
In the recommended doses of manufacturers, vitamin complexes of trivitamin have no side effects except in rare cases of individual intolerance to individual individuals of the components in the composition of the drug.
Meat, eggs from birds that took the vitamin complex trivitamin, have no time limit on human consumption.
Farmers who breed and grow poultry often face a number of problems, which are usually caused by a deficiency of vitamins in the diet of birds.
Proper selection of the means for feeding the livestock can highly improve immunity, improve health, reproductive performance, reduce mortality and susceptibility to infectious diseases. The key to the solution may be the vitamin complex trivitamin( trivit, tetravit).
In addition to of a high degree of safety for all types of poultry, using trivitamin according to the instructions, this means due to the absence of harmful elements in the composition, it is absolutely safe for people who eat meat, eggs of birds that received vitamin bait.