Breeding of birds is a troublesome business that requires a special approach. After all, birds, as well as other animals, can suffer from infectious diseases.
Sometimes diseases can pass by themselves, but not always. There are cases where the infection does not go anywhere, but rather goes further and further, causing a strong defeat until the death of the bird.
Therefore, it should not be forgotten that birds, especially from the first days of life, should definitely be given enroflon medicine both for the treatment of diseases and for prophylactic purposes. This antibiotic will help prevent and cure infections , which as a result will help grow healthy offspring.
So what is this drug? What are the features and how should be used for birds? Let's find out the answers to all the questions of interest and examine in detail the properties of the drug.
The contents of thePharmacological properties
In what diseases is it used in veterinary medicine
Enroflon has an antimicrobial effect, is used to get rid of infections and for preprevention of viral diseases in birds.
The drug is taken with the following indications:
- Different degrees microplasmosis ;
- Salmonellosis from the first stages to the severe;
- Colibacteriosis ;
- Bronchopneumonia ;
- Enzooic pneumonia ;
- Atrophic rhinitis ;
- Secondary infectious diseases .
Means is given to chicks in the first 10 days of life, for the prevention of disease and the preservation of the livestock of birds.
What are the dosages in%
For various digestive disorders and prophylactic purposes, birds are given a 5% or 10% enroflon solution.5% solution is added to feed or water at the rate of 0.5-1 ml per 1 kg of live weight of the bird.
In pure form, give the birds at the rate of 2.5-5 mg per 1 kilogram.10% solution should be added to water or feed at a dosage of 0.5 ml per kilogram of body weight of the individual. In pure form, the 10% drug is given in doses of 2.5-5 mg per 1 kg of the mass of the individual.
But these are still general indicators of taking medicine for broilers in veterinary medicine, and there are serious cases when the drug should be taken in large proportions and according to a different scheme.
It is therefore worth considering the rules for taking medicine for chicks and adults separately, this will help avoid serious problems and raise healthy offspring.
How to use enroflon for chicks
Enroflon is used for chickens from the first days of appearance. The medicine is an excellent tool for the prevention of newborns from infectious diseases. Due to prophylaxis, chicks can be warned against many infections, , which can affect almost all the livestock of animals in 24 hours.
These days, chicks are most susceptible to infectious diseases - gastrointestinal problems, respiratory diseases and diseases of the joints.
The use of enroflon for chickens provides the following indicators:
- Beneficial effect on microflora of the microflora of the digestive system
- Saturation of the body beneficial components;
- During catarrhal diseases, the drug has anti-inflammatory effect of and reduces the risk of viral infections;
- Helps get rid of colibacillosis , mycoplasmosis, salmonellosis and other infectious pathologies.
The medicine is taken both as a preventive measure and at the first symptoms of salmonellosis, enteritis, colibacillosis, bronchopneumonia, mycoplasmosis and other diseases.
During this period, the chicks are given 10% medicine, it is poured into water in dosages - 0.5 ml per 1000 ml of water. The course of medical procedures is from 3 to 5 days. It is worth remembering when salmonellosis medication is given in twofold dosages.
For turkey poults
Turkey poults, starting at 5 days of life through 10, often suffer from infectious diseases, this is due to a weak immune system. During this period, chicks are weak and exposed to microbes. The chicks suffer from digestive disorders, at this time they are worried about diarrhea, they have colds, viral pathologies.
The drug is added to water in doses of 0.5 ml per 1 liter of water. If a 10% solution is given, then 1 ml of the medicine is added to 1 liter. The course of treatment is 3-5 days.
Geese are considered hardy birds and rarely get sick. However, there are infectious diseases among the chicks that cause serious problems.
Goslings in the first days of life suffer from the following ailments:
- Gastrointestinal infections;
- Viral respiratory diseases.
Therefore, goslings, like chickens, are prevented with the use of enroflon. It should be added to water in proportions of 0.5 ml per 1 liter of water. A 5% and 10% solution can be given. The treatment period lasts from 3 to 5 days.
Use for other birds and broilers
For nestlings of other birds the use of the drug has the same meaning. It is given to birds during prophylaxis, to enhance the immune system of individuals, as well as for the treatment of infectious pathologies - microplasmosis, salmonellosis, enteritis, colibacteriosis and other viral infections.
The drug is diluted in water - 0.5-1 ml of the drug is added to 1 liter. You can give a 5% 10% drug. The treatment period lasts from 3 days to 5 days.
Instructions for use for adult birds
For adult chickens, geese, ducks, guinea fowls, pigeons and other bird species, enroflon is given for microplasmosis, colibacillosis, salmonellosis, enteritis, bronchopneumus and other infectious and respiratory pathologies.
The use of the drug provides the following indicators:
- Increased immune system;
- Caution against the occurrence of many serious infections ;
- Improving the performance of the digestive system ;
- Saturation of the body's with nutrients and nutrients;
- During catarrhal and viral respiratory diseases, the drug reduces the inflammatory processes and thereby eliminates serious consequences.
Instructions for use: for adults, the medicine is given by the oral route, that is, it is added to water and the bird is drunk with this solution. Means is added to water at the rate of 0.5-1 ml per 1 liter of water. During salmonellosis, the dose of the drug is doubled.
The preparation should be prepared only for the amount of water consumed per day, but not more, if the water with the medicine is more than 24 hours, the effect of the remedy is much lower. The treatment period lasts from 3 to 5 days. During this period, only enroflon water should be given.
Observance of recommended doses of side effects is not observed. Sometimes chickens may have allergic reactions to the components of enroflon, namely fluoroquinolones. In these cases, the use of the drug should be immediately discontinued and antihistamines should be given instead.
Enroflon is contraindicated during injuries and severe disorders in the kidneys and liver.
It is also not recommended to give laying hens to eggs if eggs are eaten. Because the active ingredient enrofloxacin falls into the composition of eggs. If the birds suffer from infectious pathologies and treatment with enroflon is vital, then it is better to stop eating eggs at the time of medical procedures.
laying hens. It is not recommended to combine with the following drugs:
- It is forbidden to take with antibiotic drugs of the bacteriostatic type - tetracycline, macroclid, levomycetin;
- Under no circumstances should you give with theophyllines, steroids and anticoagulants;
- It is not advisable to give along with iron containing agents, sucralfate and antacid substances, as well as aluminum, magnesium and calcium. This may reduce the effect of enroflon. It is best to give the drug for 1-2 hours before taking or after 4 hours of taking these funds.
Attention, meat of poultry that have been treated with enroflon medicine should be consumed 11 days after treatment. If the slaughter was made earlier, then it is better to add meat to the feed of other animals or from it you can make meat and bone meal.
Pharmacological properties of
The main active ingredient in the drug is enrofloxacin. This component is included in the group of fluoroquinolones and has a wide range of antibacterial and antimycoplasma action. Entrofloxycin has a suppressive effect on many bacteria and viruses.
Immunity of viruses and bacteria to enroflon develops rather slowly, because the mechanism of antimicrobial action of enrofloxacin is directly associated with inhibition of the enzyme, which affects the replication of the DNA helix in a bacterial cell.
The drug is rapidly absorbed into the stomach and then enters other organs and cells of the body. Is excreted along with urine or bile.
Poultry treatment is a time-consuming process that must begin in the very first stages. It is better to start to give the drug from the first days of life of chicks , in order to boost the immune system of individuals and to prevent serious pathologies.
The main thing during the use of enroflon is to follow the rules of admission and indication. Remember, proper care and timely prevention of all kinds of infectious diseases - the key to healthy offspring!