Description of a sort of sweet cherry Leningrad black and others

Cherries have long conquered the hearts of gardeners and those who like to feast on it. There are many varieties of its varieties of colors: yellow, white, dark red and black.

A few decades ago, a sweet cherry( not a cherry) was considered directly a southern culture. But as a result of the important activity of breeders, it spread far to the north.

Now it is possible to see it in the sections of the middle zone of our country. The most important thing is to choose the right varieties and learn how to care for them properly. Breeders brought a large number of varieties of cherries, which are adapted to the harsh conditions of winter frost. Thus, for the gardens of the Central District it is recommended to plant the following varieties: Adeline, Veda, Revna, Rechitsa, Ovstuzhenka and Leningradskaya black.

Table of Contents

  • Sweet Cherry Leningrad Black
  • Variety HivesLeningrad black is recognized as the first winter-hardy variety. This variety was bred in Pavlovsk Experimental Station VIR of the city of St. Petersburg.

    Berries of Leningrad black are large, dark maroon, the average weight is five grams. The shape of the fruit is heart-shaped. Their taste is sweet, but slightly bitter.

    With sufficient care and a favorable growth environment, the first crop is harvested in the third year after planting.

    In some cases, the fruits are harvested only for the fifth year of life. Crops are characterized by abundance and long lifetimes on the tree.

    In order to get a good harvest from cherries, it should be planted on a sunny plot.

    Pests that pose a danger to sweet cherries:

    • Rodents are primarily a threat to this variety. They break holes in the roots and bite them. You should constantly monitor the soil near the tree and use repellents.
    • Birds are enemies for sweet cherry harvest. To protect the berries from the birds, you need to finish the flowering cover the crown with a special grid.
    Sweet Cherries Leningradskaya black prefers moderate watering. In the period of the ovaries and in strong heat it is watered in the early morning and in the evening after sunset.

    If this possibility is not available, it is possible to water only in the morning hours, but it should be abundant. In order for the sweet cherry to survive the winter period, it is necessary to prune the branches at the end of autumn. In early spring, the trunk and lower branches should be whitened, thanks to which the tree can be saved from insects.

    Ripe berries of the Leningrad sweet cherryAuthorship belongs to M.V.Kanshina

    Sweet cherry precocity is below the average. It is possible to observe high yields after 4–5 years of tree development, but a forty-year-old plant can bear fruit.

    The berries are round in this variety, weighing 4.2 grams. They have a dark red color, they are tasty and juicy, and their tonic properties turn them into healing. But since the fruits of Hovduzhenka ripen in gardens first, they attract birds and pests of the garden. The moth penetrates the fruit and eats the flesh, and the wrinkled berries become unpleasant to the taste. To protect against birds on the crown of the tree during the period of fruiting throw mesh.

    When harvesting the fruit, the stalk is not cut off, since beneficial substances disappear from the squeezed juice. Of the 25 vitamins needed by the human body, there are 10. sweet berries in the sweet cherry.

    Recommendations for Growing Vegetables:

    1. Seedlings must be purchased in a nursery or specialty store. Find out about the type of stock. Seed stocks preferred. Sweet cherries will grow strong and hardy. It is better to buy seedlings in the fall, as during this period there will be a large selection. In winter, the seedling is placed in a shallow trench. It is placed a tree at an angle, and the roots are covered with soil.
    2. Planting is recommended in the spring, after thawing of the topsoil. The pit is prepared before the winter cold. Young trees planted in the autumn period often perish due to weak roots, and the wood withered during the winter retards their growth.

    Grade Veda

    Sweet Cherry Veda variety was created at the Research Institute of Lupine.

    The fruits of this variety are medium, one-dimensional, wide heart, with an approximate weight of 5.1 g. The peduncle is average, without any effort is separated from the branch. The color of the berries is dark red. Sweet skin is tender. Their flesh is dark red in color, tender and juicy. The yield of the Veda variety reaches 77 c / ha.

    This sweet cherry loves fertile, light and medium loamy soils with a neutral environment. She prefers moisture, but does not tolerate stagnant water.

    Variety Veda has good resistance to environmental conditions and various diseases, such as coccomycosis. Also Veda tolerates the winter cold without complications.

    Sweet Cherry Veda

    Adeline

    Adeline variety was created in the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants. It was obtained by combining varieties: Slava Zhukova and Valery Chkalov.

    Adeline’s ripening period begins in mid-summer, the fruiting period is the fourth year after planting.

    The berry weight of the cherry tree reaches 5.5–6.0 g. They are heart-shaped, dark red in color. The flesh is dark red, of moderate density. Fruits easily detach from the stem.

    This variety is characterized by increased winter hardiness and is moderately resistant to diseases such as coccomycosis and moniliosis.

    Adeline’s landing begins with the selection of a site that must be closed from the north winds. The best solution would be sloping, southern or south-western slopes, as well as places located on the south side of the buildings. It is recommended to make a small hill, raising the ground level by 0.5 m.

    Young trees are planted in early spring before the buds swell, but preparation for planting occurs in the autumn.

    Adeline Cherry

    Rechitsa

    The Rechitsa variety is selected for marker properties from seedlings of Bryansk pink cherries. Bred it in the Research Institute of Lupine M.V.Kanshina

    The average fruit weight is 4.9 g, the maximum weight reaches 5.8 g. Cherry is round, with an average funnel. The color of the berries is almost black, and the pulp and juice is dark red. Their stem is long and not very thick. Pulp has a juicy and sweet taste.

    Berries appear on the tree for 5 years. The average yield of 82 c / ha, the highest - 146 c / ha. Winter hardiness of sweet cherry and flower buds is high. Variety Rechitsa resistant to fungal infections.

    Sweet Pepper

    Sweet Cherry Revna

    Revna is the closest relative of the Bryanskaya Rosa variety, from the seedlings of which a wonderful variety was created.

    Sweet Cherries are medium sized. Their average weight is 4.7 g, and the largest is 7.7 g. The shape of the fruit is wide-round, with a wide funnel and a rounded top. Their skin is quite dense. The berries have a dark red color, so that they become almost black during removable and consumer maturity.

    In order for Revna to be rooted properly, she is planted in the spring. Landing takes place several days after the ground has thawed.

    When landing, use the southern slopes, on which the cold air is not possible to stagnate. For proper development of the cherry berries, it is necessary that a large amount of sunlight gets on the plant. In this regard, the most suitable option for planting will be the south side of the garden, not shaded by buildings and other trees.

    Chevnya Revna is not susceptible to fungal diseases. However, if other trees grow on the site and the year is not very suitable for growing different crops, each tree may be subject to diseases. Then the plant should be treated with universal tools for stone trees. Spraying is carried out before flowering, and if necessary, after the tree has flowered.

    If any pests were noticed on the trunk, leaves or berries, then the way to combat them is to choose an individual one so as not to treat the stone tree with universal poisonous agents.
    Revue Cherry Variety

    Vasilisa

    The Vasilisa variety was bred in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture UAAN L.I. Taranenko as a result of the unification of varieties Donetsk Unerek and Donetsk Beauty.

    Trees are skoroplodny, bring a large number of harvest. Basilisa berries are quite large, with dense flesh, weighing 12.5 g, red in color, rounded, pleasant to taste. Cherry ripening period is average.

    Plant Vasilisa on loamy soils with a high moisture content. It is not necessary to place the tree on gravelly soils, as they are arid and absolutely unsuitable for the cultivation of sweet cherries. Planting of young trees is recommended in the autumn. Before the frosts begin, the roots of the sweet cherry will be rooted.

    Vasilisa Cherry Berries

    Sweet Cherries of any of the above varieties are an excellent choice for any garden. But it must be remembered that large berries and healthy trees are not only positive qualities of a certain variety, but also the result of the hard work of a real gardener.

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