Kale or redbor - the choice of those who appreciate not only taste, but also beauty. It is rich in flavonoids, dietary fiber and vitamin C. It has a bizarre appearance, making it an excellent decoration of the dacha. How to grow this vegetable, this article will tell.
The content of the"Cabbage garden". Its main difference from the usual white - the lack of a head. Height varies from 40 centimeters to 2 meters.
It contains many varieties: white, red, pink, green, palm-shaped, variegated, mosbachskaya - these are the most common types of vegetables. It grows quite large and beautiful leaves that can be pink, green and purple.
Gastronomic qualities of the editor
Low-calorie content, which removes the limit on the amount of food eaten from kale.
The high content of dietary fiber, which is absorbed over a long time, so the feeling of hunger comes soon.
The presence of vitamin C, which activates the mechanism of carnitine production, and flavonoids, which help in the fight against cancer cells.
Used in baked, fried and raw. Steamed is suitable for those who do not like the rigidity of cabbage leaves. Baked in the oven slices, sprinkled with seasoning, like lovers of chips.
Contains antioxidants: glucosinolate and sulforaphane, which prevent the appearance of cancer cells. Vitamins and trace elements contained in it reduce the risk of heart disease. Lutein and zeaxanthin protect the eyes from damage caused by sunlight. Due to the abundance of vitamin C and beta-carotene, the consumption of cabbage leaves leads to the elimination of skin problems: it becomes elastic, wrinkles disappear. Thanks to the iron, the skin is saturated with oxygen and the skin is healed.
Its cold resistance makes it possible to grow in the fall. It is a culture resistant to harsh conditions, so it grows well and does not suffer from pests and diseases. A sign of a variety is a reddish-purple color, in which it is stained by anthocyanin contained in the leaves.
There are varieties grown seedlessly. But, mostly, cultivation is carried out by seedlings.
It is possible to sow seedlings in late February - early March, making a landing under the film in April. Sowing in these terms will provide a harvest in May. On the 45th day, seedlings are planted in open ground. It is necessary to sow in an open ground with an interval of 60 cm between rows.
Damage to pests will be less if planted in late summer. Then she will ripen in late autumn.
Land preparation and selection of fertilizers
Alkaline, acidic and poor soils are suitable for growing kale. The plot must be bright and drained. If the area is windy, you should install wind protection. Soil preparation should begin in the fall. If the land is heavy, in the fall it must be fertilized with green manure. The following fertilizers should be applied under the crop:
- Buru( 1.6 - 2 g / sq. M);
- Superphosphate( 75 - 90 g / sq. M);
- Potassium salt( 105 - 120 g / sq. M);
- Humus( 2.5 - 4 kg. Per sq. M.).
After the remnants of the plants have been removed, and loosening is done, you need to wait a week and then scatter the fertilizers listed above on the site. Then the soil should be dug( depth - not less than 30 cm) and fertilize up. Before winter, the prepared soil is left in clumps so that the soil better freezes and most of the pest larvae die.
Care for seedlings and shrubs
When plants reach 7-8 cm, they can be thinned;The preferred distance between the thinned bushes is 30-60 cm( the distance depends on the variety).
Watering in the morning or in the evening. It is not recommended to water in the middle of the day. Young shoots need moisture, but as they mature, the number of waterings needs to be reduced. It must be remembered that overdrying the soil is one of the causes of the occurrence of nitrates in the fruit body of a vegetable.
On poor land, after 10 days have passed since transplanting, 10 g of urea, 15-20 g of superphosphate and potassium salts must be applied( these fertilizers should be dissolved in 10 liters of water).The second feeding must be done in 20 days. The second dressing should be increased by 1.5 times, and the following should be added to it: ammonium molybdate( at 1 g) and borax( at 3 g).
How to get rid of diseases and pests
Cabbage fly and keel is well tolerated by the plant. But aphid can significantly damage a vegetable. Pests scare away sprinkling infused with tomato leaves, infused with potato skins or red pepper. Use of tobacco solution with the host.soap will destroy aphids. Or wood ash dissolved in water from households can be used.soap( 6 g of household soap. 25 g of ash per liter of water).As soon as 10-15 days have passed after the landing, during the hot and dry weather it is necessary to spray the ashes over the rows. This measure will prevent damage from ground fleas. Ashes can be replaced by pulverized lime sprayed over rows.
In order to increase the yield and resistance to diseases, the bushes are processed with a growth biostimulator. This is done 3 weeks after disembarkation. For this, substances such as Sodium Gumate, Immunophyte, etc. are used.
Aphids on cabbage leaves
Bushes grow until the end of summer. While the summer lasts, you can cut the growing leaves. They should be cut so as not to bare the stem. Cut the leaves should be free from stalks, becausethey are bitter. The final harvest must occur before the time when the leaves begin to grow coarse and lose taste.
This is a wonderful vegetable that not only feeds its owner, but also decorates his summer cottage. It can be fried, steamed and even made chips. The plant is a source of cancer suppressants. It is valuable low-calorie and the presence of dietary fiber, which bring long-term saturation.