Detailed description of pear varieties Avgustovskaya dew

In a wide variety of varieties of pears you always want to choose a sweet, high-yielding, unpretentious and easy to care for.

Such is August dew, which was loved by gardeners and farmers .The following describes the variety, advantages and disadvantages, how to choose the seedling, plant and care.

Table of contents

  • Characteristics and description of the variety August dew
  • Benefits and harms of pears
  • How to choose the right sapling?
  • Preparation for planting
  • Planting seedlings
  • Rules for tree and fruit care
  • Diseases and pests. Methods of fighting
  • Reviews gardeners

Characteristics and description of the variety Avgustovskaya dew

Avgustovskaya dew is a summer variety of pears .Germinates in the Central Black Earth region( since 2002).Obtained by crossing the variety Tenderness and Triumph Pakgam.

The resulting variety combines the positive features of the "parent": from the variety Tenderness resistance to disease and frost, high yield and excellent taste from the variety Triumph Pakgam.

A variety bred by S. P. Yakovlev at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Breeding of Fruit Plants. I.V. Michurin.

Tree height reaches three meters. Harvest brings annually from 4 years of landing in the ground. The yield is high up to 200 kg / ha in the most fruitful age.

The first harvest is about 15 kg from a single tree. Perfectly endures the winters , which are characteristic of the areas of germination.

Disease Resistance .High ability to form shoots and kidney wake.

Tree structure characteristics :

  • light gray bark color, smooth;
  • lowered crown with medium density;
  • straight branches. The location of the fruit on the long and short kolchatkah and spears;
  • light brown, wide and curved shoots. A large number of small lentils;
  • conical buds of medium size, slightly bent to the side;
  • oblong ovoid leaves with a wedge-shaped base in dark green. Average value. Serrations at the edges. Saber-shaped small stipules;
  • petioles of medium thickness and length;
  • white flowers, saucer-shaped, small. Sepals are long, directed to the pedicel. Pistils long - above the anthers. In one inflorescence 7-10 flowers.
Variety Augustus dew pear reaches a height of three meters, tolerates winters

Fruit characteristics

  • smooth skin with dots. Color in the period of maturity - green or greenish-yellow with a slight "blush" in a small area of ​​the fruit;
  • white and fine-grained flesh with a sour-sweet taste and delicate texture;
  • stem is curved, long and fairly wide;
  • small funnel has a conical shape;
  • small, closed cup;
  • saucer is small, slightly enlarged, has a ribbed shape;
  • core large, onion-shaped;
  • medium sized seeds, closed;
  • keep good on the tree;
  • ripening period - mid-August - September;
  • storage and use period is two weeks;
  • table pear;
  • best pollinator - a variety of Memory Yakovlev.
  • Augusts dew Pears of early maturity, taste sweet and sour, with delicate pulp
  • Not picky about droughts.
  • High yield.
  • Skoroplodnost.
  • Excellent presentation.
  • A small percentage of cases of tree damage caused by diseases or pests.
  • Fruits are easily processed into jam, jam and dried fruits. Good taste.
  • Disadvantages : at high yields, heterogeneity of fruits occurs.

    Benefits and harms of pears

    Benefits of pears The August dew is great. It is useful for adults, children - does not cause allergies, discomfort in the intestines and a beneficial effect on the body.

    Improves immunity. One pear fruit per day - cold prevention.

    Actively used in traditional medicine for coughing, chills, inflammation of the urinary system, stone disease. A good helper in the fight against fungus, dermatitis.

    In addition, pear contains:

    • vitamin C ( ascorbic acid) helps to strengthen the immune system and increase the elasticity of blood vessels;
    • vitamin K - a source of calcium;
    • vitamin B9 active participant in the process of blood formation;
    • Fiber is useful for the digestive tract, because it lowers cholesterol and normalizes the intestinal microflora. Fights constipation. Improves appetite;
    • Sulfur helps strengthen hair and nails;
    • Potassium performs the protective function of the heart and helps repair cells. Warns the appearance of edema;
    • cobalt supports the thyroid gland and kidneys. Accumulates hemoglobin and helps the rapid absorption of iron.
    Pear contains many vitamins, helps to improve the immunity of

    It should be noted that with a huge "set" of beneficial properties of pear, it can still harm .This applies to the use of fruit in gastritis, colitis and ulcers.

    The dangers are unripe, hard fruits for children and people in age.

    How to choose the right sapling?

    The selection of a sapling is a guarantee of a high yield. To find the “right” sapling, must adhere to the following rules:

    1. Variety Augustus dew will take root and yield only in an area with favorable climatic conditions( central and southern regions with black soil).
    2. Buy seedlings only in special nurseries to avoid cheating and buying another variety or tree.
    3. It is worth paying attention to the roots of the seedling - fresh, not dry, not frozen. The longer( from 30 cm) and more branched root system, the greater the likelihood of good survival of the seedling.
    4. If you cut the root, it should be white. The change in color indicates that the seedling is frozen or dried.
    5. Carefully examine the root. The presence of blistering indicates a disease( root cancer).
    6. Barrel flat, not damaged.
    7. The sapling's age is about a year or two.

    Preparing for planting

    In addition to choosing a seedling, must be prepared to prepare the ground for for its planting - the key to survival.

    The August dew variety is unpretentious, but to get a good and sweet harvest you should choose a sunny, windless place. It is worth choosing a sublime place, which is associated with intolerance to stagnant water.

    Pre-apply fertilizers to the future planting site( type, amount of fertilizer depends on the soil).Pear Avgustovskaya dew has a small crown, so the distance between seedlings is permissible 5 m.

    Planting

    seedlings To plant seedlings you need in the fall( early October) or spring( late April).Regardless of the season, the landing technology is the same:

    1. Prepare a pit. The pit is 1 m in diameter and 0.5 m deep. Roots should be located freely in it.
    2. Fill up with fertilizer( humus, saltpeter, potassium).
    3. Spread out the roots.
    4. Holding a sapling in a hole in a hole, cover it with soil so that the root neck disappears under the ground, rammed and watered.
    Planting Augustus dew pear in early October or late April

    Rules for tree and fruit care

    After proper selection of seedlings, soil preparation and planting a young tree directly, care is important.

    Tillage .Before watering, as necessary, destroy the weeds and loosen the soil.

    Watering .About 5 times( summer) per month( 1 bucket - 1 tree).Watering is slow, so that all the water is absorbed into the hole of the pear and “drink” the roots. In a drought, it is better to water in the early morning and in the evening half a bucket at a time.

    By autumn, reduce watering and then stop. Spring watering begin gradually. The volume of water is adjusted by rainfall and season.

    Trimming .Every spring to remove extra vertical shoots at a level of 0.5 m from the ground. Pruning in the fall can lead to the death of the tree - cuts may not have time to drag on to the first frost. This does not apply to damaged and dry branches.

    You should not neglect cutting the trees, because the size and sugar content of the fruits depend on it.

    Pear needs watering, fertilizing, pruning and winterizing

    . .The August dew loves organic fertilizers - manure that contains all the substances needed by the tree. It is necessary to bring in no more than 2 kg of manure per 1 m2 of the tree edge.

    Top dressing is best done in spring( March-April), annually. In the fall, after leaf fall, you must apply nitrogen fertilizer or the same manure.

    Winter Preparation. .In late autumn, the tree is treated with limestone solution. This will protect the bark from sunburn and pests loving the bark.

    In case of cold and light snow winters, to create an additional, artificial heating, wrapping the barrel with non-woven material( agrofiber is perfect - it allows air, moisture and does not let the frost pass).

    Harvest occurs in August-September, depending on weather conditions. The older the tree, the greater the yield.

    Store pears for a maximum of two weeks in a cool place and about three months in a cellar( in wooden boxes) or in a refrigerator.

    Diseases and pests.

    control methods Despite the fact that the August dew is a fairly resistant variety to pests, needs to be carried out prevention every spring. For this, both chemical agents( fungicides, insecticides) and folk( herbal extracts) are suitable.

    When wounds and cracks appear on the root with brown spots( black cancer) , it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and bark, seizing 2 cm of healthy areas. Process copper sulphate.

    Having noticed the powdery spots on the leaves and flowers, it is necessary to remove the affected areas and treat with Topaz. When watering use colloidal sulfur.

    Fruit rot will remove and prevent Oxy and preparation of 1% solution of borodian fluid. Handle after flowering.

    When insect pests will solution Nitrafena, Kinmiksa, Iskra etc..

    Pear varieties The August mildew susceptible to powdery mildew, fruit rot and black cancer

    Reviews gardeners

    «Finally, this year's tree bore its first fruits, the first two pears. August dew by reviews cool class, but. ..!These two pears are big, beautiful, but the taste is. .. green! Not mature, but in the yard in a week in October and frost. Slavka. "

    " Pear Augustus dew is not quite a capricious fruit tree variety. Thanks to its high yielding, skoroplodnosti and compactness of the tree, it can quickly gain respect. Compliance with the basic conditions of care will bring a rich harvest of delicious fruits. A pear takes root more easily than an apple tree. Very juicy. And the keeping quality is short for all almost. .. Filipina. ”

    “ I grew A. Rosa from a graft, there was such a purchase on the forum in the past years. Sumakhi, loch narrow-leaved, Shepherdia, Robinia, near growing - they all froze to the ground, and she somehow came to fruiting and did not sneeze. Filiponka. ”

    “ I once only wanted to plant the August dew, it was grown in our nursery. But then I talked to its director, he said that they had abandoned her - not winter-hardy in our conditions( east).lubov. ”

    “ After frost, which suddenly returned, frost varieties of pears returned to seedlings that allegedly have a high degree of winter hardiness: Avgustovskaya dew, Gracia, Zimnyaya, Glazkova, Martian, Tenderness and Chizhevskaya. Alexander Kuznetsov. "

    With a wide variety of varieties of pears , justified trust was gained by the August dew grade .And not for nothing, because he has a lot of advantages.

    It is resistant to frost, pests, unpretentious care, marketability and excellent taste.

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