How to grow apricot from the stone at home

The fact that you can find different varieties of apricot seedlings on sale does not stop gardeners from wanting to grow them themselves. The idea to get a large tree, , from a small bone, in some, arises from the high price of seedlings, in others, for the sake of experiment. Fearing that apricot will not grow, gardeners are looking for a solution to this problem on the Internet. The following material will prevent mistakes on growing seedlings from a stone at home.

Table of contents

  • Is it possible to grow bone apricot at home
  • Where can I grow apricot from
    • bone In Moscow Region
    • In Central Russia
    • In Siberia
  • How to choose a bone for planting?
  • Conditions of planting and growing
  • Transplanting seedlings in open ground
  • Care for young seedlings in spring and autumn

Is it possible to grow apricots from the bones at home

On this occasion, the opinion of practitioners growing gardener seedlings was divided. Some believe that a good apricot tree adapted to the climate can be obtained from the stone. Others argue that seedlings are best grown by grafting on stone fruit.

Bone variant will be successful if you know some of the subtleties of their breeding. Otherwise, the apricot will turn out "wild."

Wild Apricot

Stoneplant allows you to grow as many seedlings as you like. By selecting subsequently the strongest plants, it is possible to obtain trees superior to the taste and size of the fruit. As a planting material is best to take the bones from the apricots that grow in your area .If there is such an opportunity, you can order planting material from gardeners living in the northern regions or Siberia.

Apricots growing under harsh climatic conditions, will take root well in any region. When buying apricots for cultivation in the market, choose domestic fruits, they must be ripe and large. It is very difficult to grow imported varieties, but for the sake of experiment you can try .The resulting bones splitting is not necessary, it is enough to wash and dry them.

Where to grow apricot from the stone

In the suburbs of

To grow seedlings, you should take the seeds of hardy and self-fertile varieties. Thermophilic varieties will not fit, they will not withstand the climate of this zone. It is better to give preference to frost-resistant trees. of the fittest for the suburbs grades:

  • cheeked
  • Hardy
  • Rossiyanin
  • Honey
  • Snegirek
  • Triumph North

In Russia, Average strip

bad will feel derived on the basis of the Botanical Garden of RAS apricots. Due to their biological characteristics, these varieties are characterized by endurance and good adaptability. most adapted to the conditions of this band varieties :

  • Iceberg
  • Alyosha
  • Aquarius
  • Countess
  • Lel
  • Monastic
  • Favorite
  • Bai

In Siberia

gardeners manage to grow apricots fromseed, even under the conditions of the harsh Siberian winter .Hardening of bones and deep planting will help to achieve survival of seedlings. It is very difficult to grow apricot in Siberia, since in winter the land freezes to 2-2.5 meters in some places. The most winter-hardy for this region are :

  • Sayan
  • Mountain Abakan
  • Kichiginsky
  • Honey
  • Chelyabinsk early
  • Snezhinskiy
  • East Siberian

apricot growing conditions for these regions, in contrast to the South-East, require special conditionslanding, care and shelter for the winter.

Preferably planted frost-resistant varieties, otherwise seedlings may die. For the winter must cover.

How to choose a bone for planting?

In the description above it was already mentioned that it is better to take Far Eastern or Siberian apricot varieties as planting material. They are easier to germinate and they take root better. If you plant the southern and Asian varieties, they will freeze or grow very weak. For planting, take ripe, uncorrupted fruits of .The flesh should be well separated from the bone. There should be no traces of mold, worms and chips inside the apricot. Remove the bones should be washed with water. So that during storage the bones are not moldy, they need to be treated with hydrogen peroxide and dried.

Conditions for planting and growing

Planting seeds into the soil in autumn, if they do it in the summer, they can be destroyed by rodents. Several seeds are sown at once, as not each will grow. In order for the sapling to be hardened, it is necessary to make an artificial or natural stratification of .The procedure will allow to grow seedlings that are strong and durable for the northern regions without any problems.

Before planting apricot kernels, it is necessary to stratify the

. Natural stratification is carried out in January-February. Bones should be placed inside the container with drainage holes. Fill them with raw sand, bury them in the ground or just leave them on .Artificially hardening procedure produced in the refrigerator. Capacity with sand and stones moistened, placed on the shelf of the refrigerator until the spring.

Planting pits :

  1. Replant pits, kept under frosty conditions, into the ground with the onset of stable weather. In terms of this period is March or April.
  2. The north the terrain, the deeper you need to plant the seeds. In Central Russia, the depth of landing is 4-7 cm .
  3. In order for the soil not to dry out , it is necessary to water the crop regularly. Shoots usually appear in May. Before the beginning of autumn they need to be watered intensively with
  4. . As soon as the seedlings grow to a height of 5–7 cm , it is necessary to ensure the soil is loosened. This should be done carefully, otherwise you can damage the roots.
  5. Sick and weak plants are better to remove at the initial stage of cultivation.
  6. A plant will take root well, if in the second half of summer to make nitrogen fertilizers .
  7. To prevent the shoots from freezing during the wintering of the , they should be covered with cut plastic bottles.

For good pollination, it is better to plant several varieties at once. Do not allow the soil to dry out in dry weather. With an excess of moisture, it is necessary to loosen the ground more often, this measure will save the roots from rotting.

Transplantation of seedlings in open ground

The first year the plant does not bother. When the spring comes, you need to pinch the top .Until autumn, the seedling is watered, fertilized and loosened the soil. For the winter they cover with spruce twigs. In the spring shelter clean. Formed branches pinch again. If the growth of a seedling stretches in one direction, it can be tied up.

Apricot seedlings are planted in the second year in spring or autumn.

They transplant a two-year-old plant in an open ground to a new place in autumn or early spring. The sequence of landing :

  1. Dig holes 50-60 cm deep .Place leaves, sawdust or branches at the bottom, they will perform the drainage function.
  2. Place an sapling at the bottom of the pit. To flatten the root, it should not look out of the pit. Fill with earth, tamp and plenty of water.
  3. After planting, seedlings of are provided with regular watering of , at least 20 liters of water in one well.

The growth of apricot must be constantly monitored. Patient and caring gardeners will definitely grow a beautiful apricot garden out of pits. The fruits will look special, and their taste will be unique .Thanks to the efforts, home-grown apricots will become the gardener's pride.

Care for young seedlings in spring and autumn

Tree growth depends on proper care. Therefore, it is important to observe some rules. The entire period of growing a sapling requires more care than a perennial tree. The more effort will be spent on care, the more generous yields can be expected. General rules for the care of a seedling grown from the stoneTo soil breathed, it loosened. Remove weeds.

  • From the moment of transplantation, the tree requires the treatment of fungicides from diseases and pests.
  • In order to properly form a sapling, pruning .In the summer to thin out the young shoots growing inside. Pruning will allow forming a compact and convenient to harvesting tree.
  • Apricot pruning scheme by year
    1. For winter, warm the trunk with sacking. So that the wind does not break a young tree, it should be tied up to an even post.
    2. In the first year of flowering, apricot blossoms are best removed .This measure will allow to lay a rich harvest for the next season. The tree will give a good growth of the crown.
    Further care for the plant grown from the stone is the same as for the seedling bought in the nursery. A tree grown in this way is more adapted to the harsh climatic conditions. Such apricots are unpretentious, do not require special agrotechnical methods of care.

    Gardeners, on the basis of their observations, point out : the fruits of such trees are less likely to get sick and are hardly wormy. The taste of ripe apricots will be different from the mother variety. Through such experiments, you can get a unique variety of characteristics. Fruiting the tree will start at 5-7 year .If the bones are planted after harvesting, even more resistant seedlings of the second generation will grow. The presented material can be a great idea of ​​a profitable business of growing apricot seedlings at your cottage for sale.

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