Content of the article:
The longer the land is used for growing crops, the less fertile it becomes. The yields are falling, no matter how much effort was invested in them, and what can be grown does not please either quality or quantity.
Igor Lyadov living in the Far East of the country faced the same problem, like many gardeners who spend few weekends at their summer cottage. Lyadov, who was accustomed to encounter the most advanced technologies, did not put up with a drop in yields, but decided to make every effort to restore fertility to the earth and achieve high yields at the lowest labor costs. This is understandable - after all, the summer resident could devote his favorite beds only on weekends.
Technology Igor Lyadov
The result of the observations, the study of the experience of foreign colleagues and their own practical work on twenty acres became a record harvest and the creation of a truly smart garden. The technology turned out to be extremely simple and at first glance similar to the Jacob Mittlider method proposed by the end of the 20th century.
However, unlike an overseas agronomist who suggested using only mineral supplements to feed plants, Igor Lyadov preferred organics and even developed unique original blends based on herbs and traditional fertilizers: manure and bird droppings.
The general of the two currents is the construction of high beds-ducts filled, including with the remains of plants that have lived their time. Therefore, there are no untidy compost heaps on the plot, everything hides in narrow beds and immediately begins to bring benefits.
Features of narrow beds:
- The width of the beds is 60 - 100 cm, which is what the American colleague Lyadov recommended.
- The width gates are comparable to ridges, are 60 - 80 cm and can be covered with roofing felt, tiles, ordinary sand and sawdust. If grass is sown in the aisles between the ridges, then it is periodically mown.
- The location of the beds is strictly from north to south.
- But the walls of the boxes in the Lyadov garden can be made of any available material: boards, logs, slate, brick or blocks, depending on the making and possibilities of the gardener.
Advantages of Igor Lyadov's smart garden
The main advantage of the method is almost twice the crop yield at the site compared to traditional technology, when crops are grown on wide beds that are at the soil level.
However, there are other positive aspects that are attracting the increasing attention of summer residents to the experience of Lyadov:
- Boxes are durable, and their maintenance does not take much time.
- Igor Lyadov’s amazing garden is convenient to water and loosen.
- Moisture inside the box does not stagnate, but it does not waste on moistening unnecessary areas.
- No laborious, time consuming weeding is required, especially when mulching the soil under the plants.
- Landings are well lit and actively ventilated.
- No useful substances are washed out of the bed-box.
- Saves time and effort in digging the site.
- To loosen the ridge you need to a depth of only seven or ten centimeters.
- The crop is not affected by pests and plant diseases.
- Each year, you can easily switch places and plan the desired neighborhood of plants.
- Igor Lyadov's smart garden, because of the height of the beds, gives the summer resident a real opportunity to plant the seedlings much earlier.
- If you cover the box with film or put plastic arches, then a bed without additional efforts will allow you to grow vegetables in a home-made, but very effective greenhouse.
A bed by the Lyadov method works for several years, and with regular replenishment with plant residues and properly conducted dressings, its service life is difficult to determine at all.
When the harvest is gathered, the author of the idea advises to sow quickly rising siderata, which will further enrich the soil in the box. When planting, it is no longer necessary to add humus or fertilizers, because, in fact, the garden itself is a kind of compost storage.
As it becomes clear, Igor Lyadov has many advantages around the garden, but there is only one drawback. This is the cost of labor, money and time in the first year in the transition to an unusual technology.
Creating a row-box
The beds in Igor Lyadov's smart garden are being built in the fall and stretched strictly from north to south, and you can use any available materials from slate and planks to brick or building blocks to make them.
In the course of the master class that Igor Ljadov himself arranged, he used old logs, of which the house was once built, and trimmed boards. However, before collecting the box, it is important to choose a suitable site and level it.
Then the walls of the future bed are firmly installed, perhaps a little dug, installed on the soil, observing the rule that the box width should not exceed 120 cm.
The walls between each other must be knocked down or twisted, so that the design will gain strength, and cardboard will be placed at the bottom of the resulting box, which will become a barrier to the omnipresent, perennial weeds.
After the cardboard comes the turn of a thin layer of sand.
And then the box is lined with a layer of coarse plant residues. Do not forget about the protection of structures from moisture and pests. Therefore, the author of the technology advises to treat the wooden box with a resistant but safe water-based paint for outdoor work.
When painting is completed, you can finally fill the bed with more juicy and small waste, tops and leaves of harvested vegetables, mowed grass with grass or straw, excluding perennial weeds with roots that could sprout. Manure and humus are laid out on top, compost and water is supplied with an infusion prepared according to Igor Lyadov's method. The top layer, about 10 cm thick, in a box makes the usual soil.
It should be noted that in the northern areas of the box should be done above, and in the south, to avoid rapid loss of moisture, below.
Well help out such beds in places where spring flooding plots are frequent.
Due to the large, about 30 cm, layer of organic residues in the Lyadov garden, a constant over-heating process takes place, which means that the temperature in the depth of the box turns out to be elevated, but not critical. Plants quickly give friendly shoots and begin to bear fruit.
Arrangement of the greenhouse on the basis of the bed according to Igor Lyadov
- Pegs are placed at a distance of no more than a meter along the long sides of the bed opposite to each other.
- These pegs are put on the ends of plastic pipes so that the arches are above the garden bed.
- The design is covered with a film or other material, getting a warm sheltered garden bed for early cultivation of a wide variety of vegetable crops and berries.
The system of narrow beds, used in the garden of Igor Lyadov, allows a much longer period of vegetation of plants and obtain consistently high yields, not paying attention to the weather and features of the garden plot.
It is important that plants are planted on such beds in staggered order to ensure ventilation and proper space. Large crops, such as cabbage or eggplants, are planted in two rows, and smaller ones, such as radishes or onions, in four.
Top dressing of a kitchen garden
The author of the technique believes that it is possible to restore the fertility of a mixture in a box not with the help of chemical additives, but through self-made infusions, which include yeast fungi and lactic acid bacteria. Ferment for the mixture can be ordinary mash.
For three liters of well water, take five tablespoons of sugar and a package of dry baker's yeast. Fluid after two or three days of fermentation can be added to the total tank, but it is better to store it in the cold so that the fungi will not die.
Recipes feeding from Igor Liadov
All recipes are designed for two-liter capacity. The compositions are infused for at least a week, and when used, they are diluted at least twice in the case of herbal composition, and even more when using litter or manure.
- For the first mixture you will need:
- shovel sifted ash;
- half a bucket of manure or bird droppings;
- a bucket of rotten straw bedding or fallen leaves;
- shovel sod land, humus or rotted compost;
- shovel clean sand;
- one liter fermented milk product or whey;
- three liters of braga.
- For the second infusion two thirds fill the container with weeds or mowed grass, add two shovels of sifted ash. Now you can fill the mixture with water and close the barrel with film. After two weeks, the product is ready, but before use it is diluted 1 to 10.
- The third mixture includes one third of the manure or manure barrel, which is poured with clean water and also infused for up to two weeks. The infusion on manure is diluted 1 to 10, and the mixture with droppings in a ratio of 1 to 20.
The roots of plants in Igor Lyadov’s wonderful vegetable garden are always provided with everything necessary for growth and fruiting, and the carbon dioxide produced by bacteria is not wasted, but immediately goes toto the roots. The heat generated also plays its role, making it possible to obtain guaranteed early yields.
Organic farming, which Lyadov advocates, makes it possible to forget about chemical additives, carry out gentle tillage and always rejoice in the useful, qualitative fruits of their labor, without thinking that after growing them, the soil loses its fertility and will soon become impoverished.