This sweet variety is considered to be high-yielding and easy to grow. He is valued by gardeners for an increased level of plasticity, which makes it possible to adapt to any natural whims without any problems. In addition, the dense peel of the Swallow variety allows you to store the crop for a long time .Aged ripening provides a one-time harvest, which is enough for the planned meals and preservation. In this review you can get acquainted with the description and characteristics of this variety of pepper.
Description of the characteristics of the, requires tying. The variety is middle-ripened, the period before harvesting is about four months. Productivity is high, reaching five kilograms per square meter of land.
The main characteristics are:
- thick walls , reaching five to seven millimeters;
- conical, somewhat oval form ;
- red color fully matured pepper;
- average weight - from seventy to one hundred grams;
- The length of the reaches ten centimeters.
The variety is owed its unusual name to Soviet breeding specialists, who allegedly bred it in 1976.Pepper grows easily both in unprotected soil and in greenhouse conditions, it is highly resistant to bacterial diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages of the
variety Swallow, like other varieties, contains a huge amount of useful substances that have a positive effect on the human body. Pepper is able to strengthen the immune system, reducing its vulnerability to respiratory infections.
Useful substances that give pepper value and consistency on the dining table carry a group of vitamins, antioxidants, alkaloid, capsaicin. In addition to the above, pepper contains a large amount of ascorbic acid and carotene, excellently helping the pancreas to work and normalizing blood pressure. Vegetable helps to prevent the formation of blood clots, improves the appetite and complexion of .It is believed that one pepper contains the amount of vitamin C, how much an adult needs this component per day.
Although the vegetable has a sweetish aftertaste, diabetics can safely eat it. There is no sucrose in the Swallow, but a different carbohydrate is present - fructose. The presence of vitamin A helps to improve the condition of the hair and skin. Some vitamins even help prevent early aging and cancer.
However, there are negative points.
The process of growing and grooming peppers is not particularly difficult. The seeds of the variety are distinguished by a good germination rate of , so for planting a vegetable, you can collect seed by yourself or purchase it from a specialized store. Before planting, it is necessary to check the seeds, select the best ones, disinfect them, soak them in a phytopreparation, germinate in a warm place, spreading them on a moist gauze. As a rule, the process of germinating seeds begins in late February.
The soil for planting crops should be cleared from weeds , well loosened. After the markings are completed, the holes are dug, which are half filled with nutrient soil.
Conditions of growing seedlings
For this, various containers suitable for their size are suitable. Preliminary they are recommended to steam to reduce the likelihood of .The containers are filled with soil, on which the seeds are laid out with an interval of one and a half to two centimeters. Planting material is sprinkled with a centimeter layer of soil, the containers are placed in a warm place. A windowsill that has sufficient lighting is best suited.
Seeds begin to germinate on the fourth day. At this point, you can slightly lower the temperature regime, so that the shoots are not strongly stretched.
In the process of growth, the peppers should be moved to separate pots so that the plants cannot overpower each other. The first feeding procedure is performed when three to four leaves are formed. You can use ready-made formulations or mix 15 g of potassium salt, 25 g of urea, 60 g of superphosphate in five liters of water.
Transplantation in open ground
This can be done in June. The plant is placed in the hole so that the root part remains above the surface of the bed. The root system is being straightened out, the well is covered with soil. It is necessary to water the seedlings and install the pegs for the support.
An important feature is respect for crop rotation. Best of all, if the predecessors of the peppers are carrots, onions, pumpkins or cucumbers. It is not necessary to plant a crop in the places where tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants grew before.
Diseases and pests
Disturbance in irrigation, high temperature conditions, poor ventilation can cause fungal diseases - blight, blackleg, fusarium, gray rot. In the first case, you can use drugs Barrier or Barrier.
In the case of blackening of the legs of , the affected plant must be removed, the soil on the bed is dried, sprinkled with wood ash, the plants are treated with fungicide.
In case of Fusarium - yellowing of the foliage - the affected shrub is removed, and the rest is followed by enhanced care associated with preventing the soil from drying out and weed growth. From gray rot, which can affect peppers at any stage of growth, will help the constant treatment of the beds with fungicidal solutions.
Pepper can suffer from the harmful parasites - thrips, aphids, spider mites, slugs and white flea. It is recommended in such cases to spray the plants with a solution of soap, garlic or onion infusions, celandine or bitter wormwood. From the slugs to help mustard powder, which simply crumbles in the garden. Tobacco dust and hot peppers are used for the same purpose.
In all other respects, agrotechnical measures for growing the Swallow variety are quite traditional .In order for a culture to develop successfully and bear fruit, it should organize permanent watering, loosening of the soil, removal of weeds.