Wall decoration - an overview of basic materials

It has long been known that the capacious maxim that even walls are being treated at home is not for nothing that people say so. Decorative wall decoration, that is, interior decorating is the most “tasty” creative part of the repair. A variety of ideas to design the comfort of your own home or office are achievable today more than ever!

  • Paint for interior decoration of walls
  • ;
  • Wooden panels for interior wall decoration
  • Artificial stone for interior wall decoration
  • Wall decoration with plastic panels
  • Decorating the walls with wood
  • Panels for stone walls for interior decoration
  • Panels for walls MDF for interior decoration

With love, thoughtful, harmonious interior, really, relieves stress, calms. The market offers a myriad of materials of decorative cladding indoors. To a large selection did not lead to some confusion, it is enough to have a clear idea of ​​what you want, as well as a little to understand what modern materials are.

Decorating walls with different materials, which has become so relevant, has become so popular, has so many things to love:

  • this design is almost always unique, unique;
  • is adaptive to absolutely any stylistic decision - from classic to the most daring;
  • perfectly camouflages light irregularities, surface defects;
  • many times increases sound insulation;
  • significantly enhances the moisture resistance of surfaces.
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Paint for interior walls

Painting is the most common, basic method available for decorative wall decoration. It is based on the application of coloring materials( paints) on the surface. A huge selection of colors, the presence of various techniques( which can be used even without special training) make it especially popular. For the inner coating is used mainly two main types of paint: either acrylic or alkyd.

Acrylic and waterborne water-based paints are waterborne paints. Advantages: such a dye is affordable, it is easy to work with it( due to the nature of the composition, it has almost no smell), it is suitable to decorate absolutely all the rooms. Most often acrylic paints are used to cover large surfaces, they dry very quickly.

Decorative wall decoration, photo:

Alkyd paint is used a little less, it is dissolved with white spirit or turpentine.

Advantages: indispensable for the study of large, small wooden or metal elements - window, door frames, pipes, radiators. Combining in one room different gradations, tones of the same color, related or contrasting colors, you can easily create a unique, unusual, but cozy space.

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Decorative plaster for interior walls

Another undisputed leader in the construction market used for interior work is decorative plaster.

Not surprisingly, the advantages of this material are obvious:

  • protection against mechanical damage;
  • individual room decoration is achieved with a minimum of effort;
  • is composed of environmentally friendly natural materials;
  • for a long time the condition remains good, keeps its shape perfectly;
  • washes well, cleaned.

In appearance, decorative plaster is a special heterogeneous mixture of different structure, grain. Compositions that dissolve in water( they do not have a strong odor) are ideal for interior work.

On the photo wall decoration with decorative plaster:

As a rule, plaster can be tinted, that is, you can mix several shades of pigments in order to achieve an individual exact tone, as much as possible to realize your plans. A large amount of plastering technician, they are all quite simple to perform.

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Wall covering

Classic wallpapering seems never to cease to be relevant, simple, accessible.

Currently, the choice of high-quality, exquisite wallpaper is very wide. The most common:

  • paper classic;
  • washable vinyl;
  • non-woven;
  • natural;
  • represented by liquid textures.

Regular paper wallpaper can be background or embossed, single-layer or double-layer. Considering their environmental friendliness, they are simply indispensable for a child’s room or bedroom, they are inexpensive, they “breathe”, they are easily glued. The other side of the coin, regarding this type of wallpaper: they are short-lived, fade, easily get dirty.

Non-woven wallpaper - non-woven, with high density, applied to paper. They have great strength, but they allow air to pass through. Camouflage cracks, surface roughness. It is very easy to stick them - the adhesive mass should be applied only on a firm basis.

Vinyl wallpaper is foamed vinyl applied to a paper or non-woven base. They are smooth, relief, with a pattern, made with hot stamping or silk screen printing.

Perfectly suited for hallways, corridors, as they are moisture resistant, which means they are perfectly washed and cleaned. Such wallpapers keep their saturation of colors for a very long time, practically do not fade, they are airtight( therefore it is better not to glue them on the walls of a bedroom or a nursery).

Natural wallpapers are made from environmentally adaptive, natural derivatives:

  • cork;
  • jute;
  • straws;
  • veneer;
  • Bamboo;Cane
  • ;
  • algae.

They are applied on paper, or, less commonly, on non-woven base. This is an exclusive, very cozy, pleasant to the touch decorative material. To protect against dust, the manufacturer processes such wallpaper with special means. Most often, these natural coatings are used to focus on individual elements. They are somewhat capricious, require protection from sunlight.

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Decorative panels for interior decoration of walls

Today the construction market offers a wide range of similar decorative boards for interior cladding. The shape, material of manufacture, coupled with convenience, speed of installation allow to achieve excellent results quickly, relatively inexpensively. Using panels, you can hide flaws, irregularities, electrical wiring, and other building communications. These decorative materials are mounted on a special metal sheathing, which is initially mounted on the mother surface.

Decorative panels are presented as sheets, rectangular canvases, narrow slats. Thus, you can choose an individual, convenient for you option of lining, they are mounted horizontally or vertically. The most demanded, often used type of this decorative coating is made from fiberboard, chipboard, MDF, polyvinyl chloride, gypsum, natural( or recycled) wood, cork raw materials. Stand out are decorative 3D counterparts.

Facing photos:

Quality panels for interior facings should be environmentally friendly, resistant to moisture, temperature extremes. The use of various detergents should not be a problem; low flammability with fire hazards is also important.

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Wall finishing with gypsum plasterboard

Drywall is a modern, inexpensive material, a reasonable alternative to plaster when you need to create a flat surface. Even a beginner builder can cope with drywall, it is non-toxic, non-flammable, after working with it there is not much dust, construction debris.

The advantages of plasterboard cladding are:

  • excellent sound insulation;
  • maintaining an acceptable indoor microclimate;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • the ability to translate any design designs;
  • compatibility with other finishing materials that can be used as a finishing coating;
  • low price.

When working with plasterboard, its fragility should be considered, it also needs a reliable frame. If there is an increased level of humidity, then, most likely, it may be necessary to pre-coat the maternal surface with a special primer.

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Clinker tiles for interior walling

Using this modern, up-to-date facing material makes it easy to carry out a design concept - a high-quality imitation of wood, stone or brickwork. Today, the clinker tile is in demand, because besides its high performance, it looks very aesthetically pleasing, not inferior to those natural materials that imitate.

Clinker imitation of stone, photo:

It is easy to work with such tiles, its minimum thickness is only 8 mm, it has a long service life, resistance to mechanical damage. If you are engaged in facing the kitchen or bathroom, then the level of moisture resistance of this coating should be appropriate.

Clinker tiles have a rich color range, and, over time, shades do not fade, do not fade. For cladding, you can choose the material of any texture: smooth, glazed, rough, rustic. The clinker tile is not affected by mold or various fungi, does not emit toxic fumes, fire-resistant, durable.

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Brick panels for interior decoration of walls

Often, the design concept of interior design requires realistic implementation of brickwork. The interior facing under the brick looks stylish, modern, different from the actual brick finishing is a saving of space, time and energy. With the help of this material you can decorate a separate wall or partitions between rooms, or arrange the whole room for masonry, if the situation requires.

Brick panels are produced in various colors, textures, perfectly conceal defects, engineering communications. They blend harmoniously with wallpaper, plaster, painted or wooden interior fragments. With the help of brick panels, you can place accents, create a unique, completely individual interior. The most commonly used brick imitations are made of polyvinyl chloride and MDF.

Types of decorative wall finish - brick facing, photo:

The advantages of this facing covering:

  • simple installation - even a beginner can handle;
  • easy cutting( convenient to dock corners);
  • no additional finishing work;
  • good noise insulation;
  • additional thermal insulation;
  • does not need to pre-level the work surface;
  • replacement of individual fragments of panels in case of damage.

Acceptable pricing policy is also a significant advantage when choosing this brick decoration.

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Wall decoration with laminate

We all know that laminate has long been successfully used for floor decoration. It looks aesthetic, relatively inexpensive. Not so long ago, designers decided to use laminate for wall decoration. This design move unexpectedly appealed to customers, began to be used to accent individual parts of the interior. Naturally, the surface completely sewn with laminate will look ridiculous, but skillfully embedded inserts or fragments will only emphasize the individuality of the style.

Facing laminate, photo:

If you correctly select shades of laminate, combine them with the colors of the floor or wallpaper, you can emphasize the benefits of any stylistic direction - from high-tech to timeless classics. Laminate fragments can be mounted horizontally or vertically.

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Wooden panels for interior decoration of walls

No matter how many new building materials appear on the market, natural wood will always be in demand and relevant. This lining undoubtedly has a lot of positive qualities, but it is appearance that plays the main role. Solid, practical, presentable wood panels look appropriate in any room. They can also be made as an imitation of natural wood. This option will also look good, its price will be much lower than the analogue of natural wood. We are talking about facing MDF and fiberboard / particleboard.

Wood panels, photo:

The advantages of this coating - a long service life, environmental friendliness, and sound insulation qualities. With it, you can easily, quickly hide flaws, irregularities, select separate areas in the room, give it respectability. Wooden cladding products do not lose their external and operational qualities for a long time, it will be appropriate to look in the apartment, country or country house. If you wish, you can choose any color gamut of the material, its texture, shape.

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Artificial stone for interior decoration of walls

Looks authentic and, surprisingly, harmoniously, comes in different colors, textures. With it, you can select individual parts or corners in the room, it is in perfect harmony with wallpaper or plaster. By means of an artificial stone it is possible to embody any design imaginations. Even a small fragment of the room( for example, the entrance door zone) decorated with this facing product can change the perception of the room as a whole.

Artificial stone, photo:

This is a reliable imitation of a variety of natural textures, sometimes it is even difficult to distinguish an artificial stone from natural rocks. By weight, it is much lighter than its authentic counterpart, its scope of application is much wider, thanks to its versatility.

Artificial stone adapts to the temperature of the room, it will never be cold when touched. It is easy to fix on any surface, whether it is wood, concrete or brickwork - it is very convenient. This decorative element is environmentally friendly, made of cement, water, appropriate dyes, sand impurities, water, plasticizers.

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Wall decoration with plastic panels

Plastic is a truly versatile facing material. It can be installed in absolutely any room, it is not afraid of moisture, low temperatures. The low price is a nice bonus against the background of the undeniable advantages of this facing products. Plastic elements have the widest range of colors, shades, can be of various widths, lengths( there is also a square, rectangular tile).Such a lining is characterized by a long service life, high moisture resistance, due to the lock type of element joints.

Photo workflow:

The soundproofing and heat insulating aspect also takes place( cellular structure inside the panel).The surface of modern plastic panels can be made of wood or ceramic imitation, marble, leather coating.

Parts can be easily mounted on any surface( frame sheathing is required), do not require high construction skills, after working with them there remains a minimum of construction waste. It is easy to take care of such finishing panels( abrasives cannot be used), as well as cold they are able to withstand high temperatures.

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Wall decoration with wood

As mentioned above, wood is a magnificent, environmentally friendly, visually attractive decoration material. For these purposes, a variety of species are used: oak, apple, walnut, spruce, pine, birch, alder, linden, larch. When choosing wood, it is necessary to take into account its texture, for example, the same conifers may have multiple eyes and knots.

Wood facing photo:

Choosing wood facing, you provide the room with not only a presentable look, but also a favorable atmosphere( moisture exchange, thermal insulation, pleasant smell).Today, actual wall covering with clapboard, bar, blockhouse, board, so-called wooden wallpaper, gusvarblokom. Let's take a closer look at the most frequently used options.

Wall Paneling

This is the most budget option, if we take into account the natural wood. Fragments of the wall panel is easy to install, they can be easily replaced if damaged, painted if desired. Such lining is strong enough, has good sound insulation qualities. Lining is durable, but it does not like moisture, may be attacked by a fungus, insects.

Lining, photo:

Euro lining

It is not too different from the usual lining, an indicator of the European standard is the presence of ventilation grooves, improved grooves for connecting fragments. Vent holders prevent the formation of condensation, and the grooves help minimize the gaps during installation. In the construction market there are three categories of eurolining - "A"( best quality, no knots and notches), "B"( average rating, with a rare presence of knots), "C"( worse than the first two, rarely used for decoration).


When facing a blockhouse, it seems that the walls were built from a log house. It all depends on the special technology of cutting logs: the upper, lower, lateral parts of the log are really cut off, the resulting semicircles are used to make a blockhouse.

The square middle is used either entirely as a bar or sawn into boards. Thus, all parts of the log are used.

Blockhouse is good for everyone - it looks beautiful, environmentally friendly, retains heat, absorbs sounds. The production technology of this facing material implies high-quality impregnation with antiseptic and flame retardant compounds. As a result, the blockhouse becomes heat-resistant, unattractive for insects, fungi. It is produced in different sizes, but for a room it is better to take a narrow format so that the square is not “eaten”.It is easy to install, and the most budget option( spruce, pine) exudes resin, which contributes to the improvement of waterproofing qualities, durability.
This lining is quite durable, will not lose its performance over the years.


Possesses positive qualities of the above options, has the most diverse design( there is even wood carving, stamping, brushing).
This is a rather expensive type of cladding, it can be used to create an exclusive coating, hidden connecting grooves allow you to create complete canvases without disturbing the design. With all this, the installation of gusvarblok is quite simple, does not require special skills, prior training.

Natural wood wallpaper

This is a thinly sliced ​​veneer of varying thickness and width, glued to thick paper. The choice of wood is incredibly wide - more than 100 varieties. Such wallpapers are designed as rolls, if desired, they can be pasted over rounded surfaces, which cannot be done with the help of the other analogues described above.

Wooden wallpaper requires a special approach, they must be periodically treated with a special varnish or wax. It should be noted that they are prone to swelling when in contact with moisture, and also change color when exposed to sunlight. Wood wallpaper is afraid of insects, fungi, high temperatures( fire hazards).An alternative to this coating - analogues of thermotree. They are more practical, impregnated with special antifungal compounds, fire resistant, look good after a long time. Thermotree wallpapers can be glued only on a flat surface.

Decorative wood panels

This is one of the most expensive veneer options, made from wood of noble varieties( cedar, oak, alder, maple).It signals about the wealth of the owner, looks elegant, respectable. There are panels with a multilayer structure, the front layer of which is made of valuable wood. To make the middle and lower layers, use a budget spruce or pine. Decorative panels can be coated with acrylic fixative or special wax to preserve moisture, hinder the action of sunlight. The option with wax is considered more eco-friendly, it is recommended for bedrooms, nurseries. Every 5-6 years, the panels need to be treated with a special varnish or wax mastic.

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Wall panels for use as a stone for interior decoration

This is a sought-after, fairly popular material that was previously used only for outdoor work. This coating is convenient, easy to install, relatively inexpensive. The basis of its manufacturing technology is the mixing of plastic and stone powder.

Stone facing:

Stone types are made of:

  • made of PVC, casting( homogeneous structure);
  • of the combined type - polystyrene foam with polymer;
  • of the combined type - expanded polystyrene with polyfoam;
  • "Stone" options for the facade.

The most popular wall finishes are imitation marbled, malachite, granite, limestone. Placement of "stones" on the canvas can be uniform, chaotic, made in a staggered manner - as you like. The color palette is also notable for its variety - without exaggeration, here you can find any shade.

This decorative coating is resistant to temperature changes, is not afraid of moisture, has sound-proof qualities, it is difficult to deform.

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MDF wall panels for interior decoration

This is a type of wooden elements of interior lining, as well as one of the most inexpensive, easy leveling of the “native” base. They are easy to install, they are easily attached to any surface. In the manufacture of used mainly wood waste, which remain from the processing of wood of various species.

MDF coating, photo:

A big plus of using this facing material is the absence of toxic constituents. The composition of the product - wood fibers, acrylic varnish, carbide resin, wooden veneer. MDF panels have an attractive appearance, are resistant to moisture, have soundproofing qualities, can be of any shape, size.

Summing up this review, it is worth emphasizing that high-quality building materials are the best guarantee of life safety. They need to be chosen deliberately, as in their surroundings we will spend every day. Choosing good, proven building materials with quality assurance, appropriate certificates, you can be confident in taking care of yourself and your loved ones. Decorative wall decoration - an important stage of repair. If you approach this process with taste, give freedom to creative potential, you can create a room in which it will always be comfortable to be!

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