Potatoes have become part of our diet. But contenders for eating potatoes exist besides us. And if you do not follow and do not care for the plant in the process of growth, then the crop can not wait. Pests that eat the plant from the root to the flowers, a great many. Illustrations will help determine who eats the leaves or can nibble the crop tubers.
- Colorado beetle
- caterpillars scoops
- potato moth
- Potato Flea
- Pest control in potatoes and ground
- Mechanical methods of controlling insects
- Folk remedies
- What gastronomic preferences of potato pests
Colorado potato beetle
The leaf beetle beetle is one of the most important pests not only of potatoes, but also of eggplant, physalis, tomato and sweet pepper.
One female beetle produces up to 700 sebaceous pests per season. In the southern regions, two to three generations of the Colorado potato beetle hatch over the season. After one two weeks of eggs laid by the female, the larvae that
After the larvae grow a little, they crawl all over the plant and even into neighboring plants. After a couple of weeks of intense eating, they are buried in the soil to a depth of 10 centimeters for pupation. Three weeks later, an adult pest crawls out of the ground to eat its offspring to produce its offspring.
In summer and autumn, in good dry weather, they are able to fly to other areas tens of kilometers at speeds of up to 8 kilometers per hour. The life of this leaf beetle lasts from one to three years .
Wire is a larva of the beetle beetle. In the image of the larvae this species of beetle is from two to five years .And even as an adult he buries himself in the ground for the wintering up to 10 centimeters in depth. And in the state of the larvae, the nutcracker can be located underground at a depth of up to 60 centimeters.
A wireworm damages the young shoots and tubers of the potato. It bites, leaving behind it holes in which rot settles. Some types of wireworm damage not only potatoes, but also buds and young shoots of grapes.
Today, more than 24,000 nematode species have been studied. They are parasitic roundworms. There are also free-living species.
plant-eating nematodes damage the root system of many plant .No exception and potatoes. The result of the activity of the nematode can be seen on the edges of the tubers in the form of soft parts of dark color.
This is one of the largest representatives of the family of burrowing insects. Medvedka belongs to the order Orthoptera. The length of this insect reaches 8 centimeters .Able to take off to a height of up to five meters.
Live in holes, which themselves and dig. About 500 eggs are laid in the nest to a depth of 15 centimeters, which is made in warm soil, such as a compost heap. The size of the nest basically corresponds to the size of the individual.
It eats all that is under the ground: roots and bulbs of plants, potato tubers .
Potato scoop is the enemy of very many plant cultures. This is a butterfly whose caterpillars intensively eat such plants as potatoes, tomato, garlic, raspberries, lilies, strawberries, corn, toffee, rhubarb, onions, hops, beets, cabbage, cucumbers. It belongs to the scoop family.
Their caterpillars feed on with stems, leaves and rhizomes. Do it at night, justifying its name.
The life of this butterfly is only a couple of weeks, and during this time it lays up to 200 eggs, from which caterpillars emerge in a week.
These caterpillars from 10 days to a month damage to all parts of the potato plant .After this time, they turn into a pupa, and after another week again into a butterfly. To stop this endless cycle, at least on the scale of our land, our task is with you.
They belong to the family of hemiptera jumping insects of small( from 1 to 3 centimeters) size.
Live during the day in anthills, and at night they go out to drink the juice of the plant under the protection of the ants, making holes in the plant with their piercing mouth. Rot and pathogens penetrate into these holes with corresponding consequences.
Cicadas tolerate phytoplasma and viral diseases of plants. Parts of damaged plants, after the work of the circus, wither and die.
A small bug up to three millimeters in size, which in adulthood eats the upper part of a potato plant, this is a potato flea.
The larvae of this beetle feed on the lower part of the plant and its root system .Potato flea is very active in dry weather.
Pest control on potatoes and in the ground
Pest control methods are quite diverse. But they can be divided into chemical, mechanical and folk.
Mechanical methods of insect control
The mechanical method of controlling pests of potatoes include:
- autumn and spring digging of the land before and after planting
- potatoes using pest control.
By digging up the soil in late autumn, you can remove the bear's nest outside. Winter cold will surely destroy the whole laying of the bear. Besides digging, there is a chance to once again dig the very Medvedka.
Loosening, hilling, and removing weeds also helps get rid of some pests. Loosening and hilling kills the pest larvae. Adult pests can live on weeds.
Collecting pests by hand, do not forget that the Colorado potato beetle can pretend to be dead. Therefore, be sure to destroy the collected insects so as to be sure of it.
This method involves treatment with chemicals .
Prestige is currently considered the most popular drug. Also use the analogue of this drug Taboo. They are either sprayed planting a couple of weeks before planting, or poured into the well directly during planting potatoes.
These preparations “pickle” seed, helping to get rid of pests and prevent certain types of diseases.
On their home plots folk remedies can quite effectively deal with unwanted insects.
Very often, before planting, seed potatoes are treated with either or manganese solution, or ash diluted with water. Just put the ash in the hole before planting. The procedure helps to repel insects and prevents the development of harmful larvae in the ground.
In order to prevent the emergence of wireworms, in addition to ash, must be added to the ground with ASM lime powder. For catching medvedki set beer bottles and traps. For catching the Colorado potato beetle "on the live bait" in early spring, sliced potatoes are laid out.
In order to correctly and purposefully use insect control methods, it is necessary to correctly determine the pest and what kind of harmful action it performs.
efficiently on large areas of potato plantations What are the gastronomical preferences of potato pests
|Insects that eat potato foliage.||Colorado potato beetle, Tsikadki, Potato flea|
|Insects, eating plant stems.||Colorado potato beetle, Potato flea, Medvedka, Potato scoop, Potato moth|
|Pests that damage potato roots and tubers.||Colorado potato beetle, Wireworm, Potato flea, Nematodes, Medvedka, Potato scoop|
There are so many ways to combat potato pests. But the best way to fight this is preventing their appearance .
Timely digging up the garden, loosening the soil, processing the beds from weeds, constantly changing the potato planting site, pre-processing the seed material and proper care during the growing season will help avoid not only problems with potato pests, but also prevent many plant diseases.