The rabbit runny nose or rhinitis is one of the most common and unpleasant diseases for pets and their owners.
Much has been written about the reasons for its occurrence, prevention, and methods of treatment, but does not interfere with the with a single, detailed and thorough instruction to the rabbit breeder.
Table of Contents
- Why did the rabbit sneeze and runny nose?
- How rhinitis develops
- Symptoms of the disease
- How to treat snot( infectious rhinitis) in rabbit
- Diet for the patient
- What to do to prevent
Why did the rabbit sneeze and a cold appeared?
Several diseases can hide under the symptoms of the common cold and sneeze in rabbits:
- allergic reaction;
- rhinitis is a dangerous infectious disease.
The most dusty food is hay , from which the rabbit begins to sneeze. Cages with rabbits are not recommended to be kept in dusty places, as the respiratory system of eared pets is very gentle and often reacts to adverse environmental factors.
It is not difficult to get rid of allergies. , you only need to protect the rabbits from an irritating product, that is, dust. Other causes of allergies are extremely rare, and only narrow specialists are involved in their study.
The second source of rhinitis is the common cold .The reasons for its occurrence are associated with improper care:
- content of rabbits in damp, cold and blown rooms;
- general body weakness caused by a lack of vitamins, a poor diet.
The cause of rhinitis is infection. It can be transmitted from a sick rabbit to a healthy airborne route or through the use of common utensils. There are cases of transmission of infection to rabbits from other domestic animals( chickens, dogs).
Weakened immunity, the presence of a chronic cold, contact with other, including other people's animals - fertile ground for the development and spread of rhinitis.
How rhinitis develops
The first symptoms of rhinitis are noticeable within a few days of after infection. Accurately determine the presence of the disease can be in 5-7 days. Rhinitis can occur in different ways.
The worst case is fatal after 1.5-2 months.
Chronic rhinitis may also develop. In this case, determine the timing of the disease is difficult. Practice knows cases when infected rabbits lived up to 1.5 years, and after slaughter, the meat as a whole was fit for human consumption.
Why is chronic rhinitis dangerous? The danger of chronic rhinitis is that it can turn into pneumonia and lead to complete bronchial dysfunction, which leads to the death of the animal. Meat such a rabbit can not be.
Symptoms of the disease
Sneeze and snot - this is the first and earliest alarm .At the first hints of a sick rabbit, it is desirable to set aside from fellows.
A healthy rabbit has a soft pink nose mucosa. If it turns red, increases in size ( inflamed), nasal discharge begins to take on a yellowish, festering hue, then these are true signs of rhinitis in the initial stage.
Later on, even more pronounced symptoms appear, which are noticeable even to a person very far from rabbit breeding. Rabbit cheeks are stained with dried pus.
The sick rabbit begins to scratch the nose of the , which is why a characteristic crust appears on it. Breathing, wheezing, fever, refusal of food, weight loss are obvious symptoms of chronic rhinitis.
How to treat snot( infectious rhinitis) in a rabbit
Only an veterinarian can accurately determine the presence of rhinitis or the common cold of a rabbit, for which a blood test is performed. Therefore, treatment always begins with general measures that are often more effective than medications.
The sick rabbit should be isolated , and all inventory is sanitized. Disinfection is carried out with ordinary boiling water.
If there is formalin in the house, then a 3% solution will cope well with the elimination of the infection.
The second moment is nutrition. In the veterinary pharmacy, there are always vitamins that the rabbit may lack. Their addition to food, as well as the diversity of the diet will help boost immunity and increase the chances of recovery.
If the measures taken are not enough and the condition of the sick pet does not improve, then starts treatment, for which traditional medicines and medicines are suitable.
There are a lot of treatment methods, so we’ll focus on the main ones.
Instillation of penicillin or furatsilin .Drugs are available and inexpensive, penicillin can be replaced by analogues of its group. Penicillin or furatsilina solution is pipetted into the nose of the rabbit.
The procedure can be repeated 2-3 times a day for 10-12 days. Single dose of 10-15 drops.
Since rabbits do not like to bury, it is ideal if they help you to hold the rabbit firmly, since one person is inconvenient to perform the whole procedure.
You may be interested in the following articles on the topic of rabbit diseases:
- Symptoms, treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in rabbits.
- Symptoms and treatment of myxomatosis in rabbits.
- Causes and treatment of bloating in rabbits
Adding biomitsin to food. Biomitsin - not an expensive and proven drug, it, pre-mixed in warm water, add eared in food.
The standard dose for 1 rabbit is 1 mg per day. .In case of serious diseases, the dose is increased by 2-2.5 times. The drug acts quickly, so the amendment rabbits will go after 4-5 days.
Inhalation of essential oils or decoction of herbs .The inhalation course lasts up to 7 days. Used for the treatment of decoctions of mint, sage, fennel, thyme, eucalyptus oil, sea buckthorn, lavender, cloves.
When using an oil, a dosage of 1 drop per 2 liters of water is maintained.
For inhalation of a rabbit, it is necessary to deposit it in a small cage with permeable walls. Next to it( but inaccessible to the rabbit) put a pan or other container with hot broth.
The cage and pan are covered( wrapped) so that the rabbit can breathe in pairs. The concentration and temperature of the broth is checked on itself empirically.
If the eyes do not pinch and the temperature is tolerant , then this is the best option for a rabbit. Do not forget the chink for fresh air.
A patient can be taken, for which it is desirable to place a bowl with ordinary water and food in a cage. The frequency of inhalation 1-2 per day.
. After the inhalation, nasal discharge will become more abundant .To alleviate the condition of the rabbit, it is advisable to wipe them with a towel or paper towel.
There is also the method of cold inhalation .It is carried out according to the instructions, sold in a set with special devices. You can buy such a device in a veterinary pharmacy.
Sea salt vapors are considered very effective for cold inhalations.
For rhinitis, antibiotics are prescribed. There are more than a dozen effective drugs. However, given the danger of antibiotics for a rabbit, stabbing them is desirable only after a blood test and consultation with a veterinarian.
Diet for the patient
There are no dietary restrictions for the sick rabbit with rhinitis. But diversify the diet, add vitamins, greens ( slightly dried) is desirable.
A runny rabbit needs more heat than an .Therefore, in the cold season do so: sick rabbits are taken into the house or other warm buildings.
What to do to prevent
The best way to avoid the cold is the right conditions for keeping pets, especially in winter. Warm room, lack of drafts, dampness, vitamins and a varied diet.
As special prophylactic measures of , biomitsin( 0.5 grams per day per 1 rabbit) is added to rabbits. Antiviral action also have dill, mint, chamomile, wormwood, basil.
To summarize, it should be emphasized that prevents rhinitis in pets more easily than it is then treated with .
Especially since the practice knows a lot of examples when even antibiotics do not help the complete recovery of animals.