To get excellent flavor data at the end of the season, the first thing to take care of is choosing the right variety and buying seeds for planting. Because, in order to get the desired result on the yield of tomatoes at the output, gardeners prefer to plant gardeners themselves, rather than buy ready-made on the market.
. Contentswhen growing
Terms of planting tomatoes
Sowing in the ground
When can be planted seed of large-fruited varieties
Damage from early planting
Growing tomatoes particular difficulties for farmers does not matter. The main thing to provide the necessary conditions and then in the end there will be a good harvest of this vegetable.
Selection of seeds;
Planting in open ground;
How to plant
You can grow seedlings in different ways:
Planting seeds in prepared containers is the way in which they first plant in a single box, and after a dive, plant them in separate containers;
Wrapping the seeds in diapers - it is also called the Moscow way and they do it like this - they put cellophane tape on it, a piece of toilet paper on it, moisten it with warm water, spread the seeds in 1 cm steps and 1.5 cm from the top edge, from aboveanother layer of paper, wet and put another tape of cellophane. After all the manipulations, everything is rolled up and put into a container where water is poured so that the diapers touch it;
Planting seeds in open ground under the film - plant seeds in heated land and cover them with greenhouse film from returnable frosts;
It is important to choose a suitable option so that cultivation does not become time consuming.
Planting seeds can be done in pre-prepared containers
How to plant seedlings
To understand how best to plant a tomato, you can give an example based on the Tretyakov F1 hybrid. The plant is determinant and suitable for growing in greenhouses. From the first shoots to the ripened fruit, passes 3.5 months , which means that can be planted until April 1, .
It is best to plant each separately taken seed into the peat tablet, in order to less traumatize the roots. Further care of the rassatny material does not differ from the generally accepted rules.
Hybrids do not transmit their genetic data using seeds.
When and how are sowing tomatoes
Sowing tomatoes on seedlings is carried out, starting from the third decade of February until April 1, .The technology of sowing seeds can be found by reading this article.
At home, tomatoes can be grown on a windowsill, a glassed-in balcony, on a table, if it is equipped with a backlight so that the seedling material does not stretch out.
The gardener decides how to choose the way of planting the seeds of tomato on the seedlings. But first of all, you need to buy good seeds and usually get them in specialized garden centers from proven manufacturers. This gives confidence in obtaining the desired crop.
Selection of seed material
If tomatoes are planted on a plot for the first time, you should choose the variety that will fit the gardener's flavor and be cultivated in a specific region.
Therefore, there are certain rules that should be followed when choosing tomato seeds:
First of all, is the term for full ripening of fruits. As in the northern region, where a long and warm summer gardener can afford later varieties.
is also worth taking into account the height of the bushes, since if the tomatoes are planted in the greenhouse, there is a need to pay attention to the high-yielding varieties due to space savings. If the area of planting a tomato is large, then it is best to plant varieties with an increase of 50-100 cm, since it is not profitable to set backwaters for tall tomatoes in large areas.
Tomato growing region - here you can see that some varieties are zoned for a specific region, which means that it is in this region that there is an opportunity to get a consistently large crop of this variety.
If the package says that this type of tomato can grow only in the greenhouse, then it should not be planted in open ground, as there most likely the tomato will not survive.
The size of fully ripened fruits is important, as large tomatoes can only be used for cutting salads, and with a diameter of 5-6 cm and the correct form it is good to use for preservation.
salads. When selecting a variety for yourself, review the data written on the package, this will help you decide how well the tomatoes fit the region and the taste of the gardener.
Dishes for seedlings
Now a lot of different specialized dishes for growing are on sale. But it is worth considering that at first the seeds are planted in a seedling box with a height of about 12 cm, and then during a dive, the seedlings are transplanted in separate containers with volumes of at least 200 g .
Therefore, it is possible to adapt for the seating boxes:
Milk and juice boxes;
Cropped 5 liters.plastic bottles;
Disposable cups with a volume of 200 and 500 grams are well suited for a container in which they are transplanted about pickled sprouts.
cups are suitable. It is necessary that the dishes have openings for draining excess water.
Required soil composition
After selecting the pots, you should choose the right ground where you can plant the seeds. First of all, it must be nutrient and loose .Therefore, you can buy soil in the appropriate store.
And you can make it yourself, taking all in equal proportions:
Any land purchased or compiled with his own hand must be disinfected. For this, is suitable for freezing or calcining - the main thing is that various microorganisms should be killed.
Preparing Seeds at HomeThis is recognized in two ways:
A saline solution is made and seeds are poured into it that have surfaced and can be safely thrown out, the rest are suitable for cultivation.
The seeds of are germinated on a wet napkin, and as soon as the sprout spout comes, it is planted in a glass with the ground.
napkin. Seeds purchased from reputable companies have already been tested for germination and have been treated with growth stimulants, so they should not be soaked.
How to sow the seeds in the ground
Prepared soil is poured into containers and moistened with the help of bottom watering. After the excess water leaves on the surface of the soil, small trenches with an depth of less than 5 mm are made, it is convenient to do it with a ruler, so the rows are exactly. In the trench put the seeds in steps of 2.5 cm and sprinkled with earth. Between the trenches leave 4 cm.
After sowing seeds, cover the containers with glass or put them in a plastic bag. This will protect the soil from drying out and will create greenhouse conditions with the help of which friendly tomato shoots will appear.
A dive of tomatoes is made when the plant has two true leaf plates on the sapling. To do this, soak the soil well and carefully remove one seedling and transplant it into a separate container according to the root system. The most convenient way to do this is at home or in an apartment.
While diving saplings, you should be seated quickly and carefully without interrupting the process so as not to destroy the seedlings.
Further care will consist of watering, which must be regular , but prevent waterlogging. Also, the seedlings should stand on a warm and sunny windowsill, so that there is no excessive stretching of the sprouts. It is once a week turned by various parties to the light source so that it does not grow one-sided.
There is no need to carry out fertilizers, because in 1.5 months the soil does not age. Before planting in open ground or greenhouse, seedlings are gradually accustomed to open air - hardening is performed.
Good seedlings have a vigorous appearance, green foliage, 6 leaf plates and an height does not exceed 15-20 cm .
Errors when growing
The main mistakes of novice gardeners when growing seedlings:
Incorrectly picked seeds.
Bad land in growing boxes.
Not appropriate temperature and poor lighting .
Overfeeding seedlings with fertilizers in poor light.
. Storage time
Without soil, seedlings are not stored for a long time no more than two hours, provided that it is wrapped in wet cloth and does not lie under the sun's rays.
Terms of planting tomatoes
Since tomato seedlings are ready for planting at the main growing site after 2 months, is sown in 60 days plus five days for seed germination of .
Sowing in the ground
If this is the Krasnodar region of Russia, then the seedlings will be planted in the open ground in early May , and in the greenhouse you can also 2 weeks earlier .
Proceeding from these terms, we count back 65 days and get the date:
For open ground, planting of seeds for seedlings is started on February 25 and not earlier because it is difficult to take root on the new seedlings in a new place;
For greenhouses they begin to sow seeds for seedlings on February 20.
You need to sow on time to get healthy seedlings.
Seeds are planted on seedlings until April 1, since if you plant later, tomato bushes will grow only for decorative purposes, tomatoes will be tied to them, and they will not have time to ripen. Especially this term concerns the northern regions of Russia.
When it is possible to plant seed material of large-fruited varieties
First of all, tomatoes and tomatoes are the same name for a plant. Large-fruited tomatoes are grown quite often by planting them in a greenhouse. In order to grow seedlings of such tomatoes, is set to start planting seeds in the third decade of February, .
Harm from early planting
Early planted seeds are the result of a too-stretched tomato seedling, not only with flowers, but also fruit ovaries. After planting at the main site, such seedlings are ill for a long time and take off both flowers and fruits.
It is necessary to plant seeds at a certain time in order to obtain healthy seedlings. Adhering to all the rules of growing seedlings, you get a good crop of the desired variety of tomatoes.