Content of the article:
Just recently bred pear Maria simply surpassed the planned results, and firmly entrenched as the desired and fruitful tree in almost all dachas. Belarusian breeder Maria Myalik in 2010 presented to the world a new variety resistant to various diseases.
Description of the variety
The tree reaches 3 m in height and has a pyramidal crown, the diameter of which in adulthood is 2.5 m. The branches located almost perpendicular to the trunk, create an average density of the entire tree. Saturated green leaves of an oval shape without chipping along the edges and bright veins.
Pear Just Maria, the description of which photo makes it clear how useful and beautiful the fruit is. Mixed type of fruiting allows pears to germinate on lances and kolchatkah( simple and complex).The fruits begin to ripen only in October, which prolongs the pleasure of enjoying fresh fruit even in the autumn and winter period. Smooth fruits have a light green color with a red blush.
A large batch of pears is better to collect underripe. They tend to ripen, being plucked, and can then be stored for 90 days.
Planting and care
Pear Just Maria, planting and caring for which requires adherence to certain rules. During planting, the following principles should be followed:
- For spring planting, it is necessary to prepare the pits for the winter in advance by fertilizing them.
- Autumn planting requires careful selection of moist and nutritious soil. In the absence of such, the land should also be fertilized.
- When choosing a place for the future of a tree, it should be remembered that it is thermophilic and capricious for drafts.
Variety of pears Just Maria is capricious and requires scrupulous care.
The fruit tree is not frost resistant, therefore it needs additional warming. To preserve the roots during low temperatures, before the onset of winter around the tree make a mound of land or a carpet of leaves.
In autumn, lovers of fruit trees - mice, can nibble down the bottom of the trunk. It will be detrimental to young trees, so after planting the bottom of the trunk must be tightly wrapped with cardboard or paper paper. It is necessary to constantly weed and loosen a place near a tree in order to ensure unhindered access of air to the root system.
Some fertilization tips:
- Nitrogen. Mix this chemical element with the ground and place it in a small depression next to the trunk before the tree starts flowering.
- Potassium. This method fertilizes the land every five years. Potassium falls asleep in a deeply dug ditch.
- Urea. After the beginning of flowering pour 0.4% solution of this chemical compound, also known as carbonate.
Table varieties almost always need pollination, including simply Maria pear. Pollinators of various varieties, but with one seasonality of ripening, will be the way to the site next to your new tree.
This type of tree can be propagated by cutting, seed, grafting and layering. The first and most common type - grafting implies growing a green process in greenhouse conditions at a temperature of +25 degrees. This heat can be achieved by covering them with a film. It is necessary to moisturize such a process 6 times a day, if it is very hot and 3 times in relatively warm weather.
To accelerate the strengthening of the root system, you can use heteroauxin.
Reproduction of a vertical layer of a pear. Just Maria assumes placing the shoot vertically to the solar surface and abundantly falling asleep with earth. With the appearance of many roots, the shoot can be safely cut from the mother plant.
In order to obtain an effective result when propagating by cuttings, the branches from the pear should be separated 12 months before root placement.
Grafting a pear is the most difficult and long-lasting breeding method. The essence of this process is the attachment of a branch of an alien tree( graft) to the main tree( stock).Privoem in the considered variant is the branch Just Maria. At the beginning of winter, cut the cuttings with several buds from the crown of pears, tie them up and send them to the cellar / basement for the whole winter. In the spring, before sap flow, graft the cuttings onto thin branches of the tree. Secure them with tape or tape. It is necessary to combine a stock with a graft so that their bark matches. Slices process garden pitch.
The vaccination should be carried out strictly before the start of sap flow or at the end of it.
Usually seed multiplication is rarely used, but still, if you decide to grow a tree from the seeds of freshly eaten pear, they should be removed from the pulp and rinsed with hot water. Fill the plastic bag with peat and put the washed seeds into it, moisten it. Send in the fridge for three months. Get after the specified time, and landed in ordinary flower pots. Then grow on the principle of ordinary seeds for seedlings.
When you complete all the above points for growing pears simply Maria you will achieve high yields, as well as excellent quality fruits.