The homeland of Gusmania is the tropical forests of South America, where plants prefer to settle on the trunks and roots of larger flora representatives. Today, exotic culture is a popular houseplant, and for many gardeners the question is: “How to care for a potted pot?”
What to take into account when caring for a potter at home?
The way of life of an epiphyte, which extracts everything necessary for existence from the atmosphere and a small amount of alluvial soil, has identified some features of the structure and humming.
First of all, attention is attracted by the funnel-shaped form of a sheet rosette, intended not only for providing photosynthesis, but also for collecting rain moisture, all sorts of organic matter. The root system of guzmaniyas, like in other epiphytes, has little purpose for obtaining nutrients from the stratum. It is too weak and fragile, but these roots are:
- is perfectly obtained from the air and a very small amount of substrate accumulating under the socket and next to it;
- provide a secure attachment of a plant on a tree or its roots.
Unlike some epiphytes, which are fed by the plant on which they live, guzmaniya is not a parasite and provides for itself.
An important feature of the culture is its long and unusual flowering. Although the flowers themselves can not be called beautiful, but most often they are hardly noticeable at all, for many lovers of ornamental cultures, a Gusmania is a welcome guest in the home collection due to bright stipules that crown the outlet during flowering from 3 to 4 months.
The interest in exotic culture is great, but the natural features of the plant leave their imprint on its content at home, on the care of the Guzman and the maintenance of its flowering.
How to care for potting in a pot?
In order for the plant to feel comfortable in the house, it needs conditions close to those in which wild-growing gully grows. The basic requirements are:
- in providing heat;
- in the absence of drafts;
- in regular, but not excessive watering;
- in maintaining high humidity;
- in accurate top dressings throughout the entire period of active vegetation.
In nature, under a rainforest canopy, the plant is in warm, heated to 18–24 ° C air. Only in winter does the temperature fall slightly, and for growing in this period, growth will be comfortable at 16–18 ° C.At the same time, the humidity of the air, especially in the summer months, is increased.
A video about home grooming care will help replenish the stock of knowledge about this interesting plant and preserve its decorative effect for a long time.
The best place for humming where the plant is:
- will get a bright but diffused light;
- will not be exposed to dry hot air coming from radiators;
- will be protected from cold winds and drafts.
Oriental or western windows will be the best location for the flower. Not bad gusmaniya adapts to the depth of the heated, south-facing loggia.
If in the winter time the air in the room is excessively dry, as part of caring for guzmaniya at home, a moderate irrigation of the leaf outlet is required. The same procedure is necessary for a plant in the summer when the temperature exceeds 28 ° C.
How to water guzmaniyu?
Gusmania is a plant in the tropics that needs not only humid air, but also soil. In the spring, when the activity of the green pet increases, the culture is provided with moderate watering and fertilizing. But at the same time, they carefully watch that the water in the pot and the pan does not stagnate, threatening to cause the roots and the base of the outlet to rot.
A plant that receives moisture only from precipitation in nature does not respond well to tap water and may even die from it. Therefore, before pouring guzmaniyu, water must be defended or passed through a softening filter. In addition, the owner of a tropical culture needs to know that in summer the moisture is poured into the central part of the rosette of the plant. Fertilizing of the culture can be carried out in the same way.
As a fertilizer for humming, it is more correct to take balanced ready-made products for bromeliads or use top-dressings for home crops with a low nitrogen content. An excess of this element can be detrimental to the plant. It is undesirable for calcium nitrate and superphosphate to be in the feed composition.
The water in the outlet is replenished as it absorbs and evaporates, and every two months it is completely drained and replaced with fresh.
In winter, moisture from the outlet is removed in order to prevent the base of the foliage from rotting. With proper watering, the leaves of the plant have a good tone, do not dry out and do not turn yellow for a long time.
How to transplant guzmaniyu in room conditions?
Guzmania is already selling flowering plants, so you should not immediately replant the plant after purchase. It is better to do this in a couple of weeks, when the flower is slightly acclimatized
In order for a green pet to be comfortable, and care for a gusmania, as in the photo, was simple and effective, you should pick up a wide, but not deep pot.
A drainage layer is made at the bottom of the tank, and a ready mix for bromeliads is used as a substrate. You can pick up the soil yourself, using:
- coarse sand;
- turf soil;
components are mixed in equal shares, then crushed and steamed needles, sphagnum and small pieces of charcoal are added to the substrate for looseness and lightness.
From the old pot to the new adult plant is transferred very carefully, trying to preserve all the existing roots. The socket is not buried, and the soil after the transplant is carefully compacted. Extremely attractive are the Humman plants, which, as in nature, are planted in a recess on a bark, or used in a composition with bark or moss. In this case, the socket will have to be additionally fixed with wire, until the roots of the Gusmania are fixed and can not provide a strong position for the flower.
Unfortunately, the life of an adult outlet ends when the peduncle fades. But you should not despair. If the care of a guzman, as in the photo, is carried out correctly, the plants throughout their life retain the juiciness and fluffiness of the rosette, blooms and gives young shoots. At the base of a large outlet, small hussmanias usually appear, which are easy to set aside as soon as they acquire their own roots. This is best done in the spring when a seasonal awakening begins.
In order for the “babies” to grow faster and better, in an adult plant, the peduncle that began to wither is cut off. Such a measure will save the force of force and will allow you to get planting material of excellent quality.
From the time the shoots appear before flowering, it should take at least 2-3 years. In this case, the young Guzman will have to artificially push to the formation of buds. To do this, the plant is transferred to a room where the temperature is raised to 26–27 ° C, and after a while it is returned to its usual conditions.