Full description and characteristics of the variety of tomato cow's heart

The ox-heart is a variety of tomatoes that can be easily recognized by the characteristic appearance of the fruit. In addition, it attracts with dense, “fleshy” pulp and excellent taste. In the article you can familiarize yourself with the description and characteristics of a tomato of this variety and make its choice in its favor when planting.

. Contentsthe heart is the result of the work of Russian breeders. This is a variety, not a hybrid. Differs large-fruited, high yield, disease resistance, medium and late ripening. Refers to the indeterminant varieties, that is, tall( up to 1.8-2 m), the growth of the stem of which lasts a long time.

Thanks to the latest quality it is suitable for cultivation both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions. The plant has little leafy. Inflorescences with 4-5 fruits in each. The first is laid over the 8-9 sheet, the next - after 1-2 sheets. Most often formed in one, at least in two stalks.

Heat-loving variety, therefore it is grown in open ground only in the southern regions. Under the conditions of the middle band, it is able to reach maturity only when grown in greenhouses.

The fruits of a characteristic heart of an ox-heart are round, tapering to the bottom, heart-shaped. Color from light pink to pink and crimson. As it grows, ribbing appears on the surface of the fetus. Despite this, ripe tomatoes tolerate transportation.

Fruits of tomato cow's heart on a bush

Fruits are able to grow up to 300-1000 g in weight. Because of their large size, they are not suitable for canning whole, therefore they are usually used for making salads and for fresh consumption.

Strengths and Disadvantages of a Cow Heartm landing;
  • - excellent presentation - heart-shaped at first sight attracts attention;
  • - good taste - fleshy structure with a pronounced tomato smell and a pleasant taste;
  • - the possibility of growing in open and protected ground, including on an industrial scale.
  • The ox-heart is a variety, so you can collect seeds for subsequent cultivation while preserving all the inherent properties.

    The disadvantages of the variety include:

    • - a long ripening period - more than 100 days;
    • - the need for support and tying - a tall variety, in optimal conditions, can reach 2 m in height;
    • - poor keeping quality of fruits - ripened tomatoes are not stored for a long time.
    Tomato fruits in the cut

    Cultivation conditions for tomato

    Variety Volovye heart was bred by breeders for cultivation in open ground conditions in southern regions of Russia. Nevertheless, it can grow in the middle lane and even in Siberia, if greenhouse conditions are provided.

    Soil Requirements for Planting

    Tomatoes of this variety are preferably grown on light, fertile, well-aerated soil. There are no special requirements for the ground. The site should be chosen well lit and protected from the north wind.

    Sowing rules

    Since the “ox heart” has a long ripening period, it is recommended to grow it with the help of seedlings. Exceptions are growing conditions in a warm climate.

    Seed sown in late February - early March for seedlings. Before planting, they can be soaked for a day in a growth stimulator and treated with biofungicide. Seeds are placed on lightly compacted soil, sprinkled with peat and 1 cm of fertile soil. Moisturize with warm water and cover with film material. Leave to germinate at a temperature of about 25 ° C.

    Cow's Heart Seeds

    After the germination of the sprouts, the film is removed and provided with conditions with a temperature of about 15-17 ° C and with abundant lighting( at least 14 hours a day).In the stage of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings are dived and transplanted in separate containers. In order not to need re-transplanting, containers should choose a volume of 0.5-1 liters.

    Watering at this stage of cultivation needs moderate, without waterlogging. The temperature should be maintained at 20-22 ° C.

    You can feed the complex organic fertilizer in liquid form 2-3 times as a root 2-3 times. A week before transplanting into the ground, seedlings should be tempered — put them outside in good weather, starting from a few hours and gradually increasing their time on the air to a full day.

    Transplantation of seedlings in open ground.

    . At the place of constant growth, seedlings of “bullock heart” are transplanted in the phase of 6-8 true leaves. Young plants reach it at 60-65 day after planting. Depending on the sowing time, the transplant date falls in the middle - the end of May.

    Planting scheme - 3-4 plants per 1 square.m. For convenience in the subsequent care, the distance between the rows should be 50-60 cm. The transplanted plants should be plentifully watered and mulched. You can mulch with straw or any organic material, including non-woven. Thanks to this, in the future, you can significantly reduce watering.

    Transplanting tomatoes in open ground

    Grade care after transplantation

    Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, the subsequent care of it comes down to such operations:

    • - watering;
    • - pasynkovanie and the formation of the bush with simultaneous tying;
    • - dressing;
    • - weed removal;
    • - loosening the soil;
    • - if necessary - pest and disease control.

    Watering - regular, warm, preferably settled water. Best under the root in the evening. Soil mulching will help to maintain moisture longer, thereby reducing the number of waterings.

    Since the plant is tall and under favorable conditions does not stop its growth, the bush needs to be formed and pinching. To do this, it is necessary: ​​

    • - immediately after planting the seedlings to a permanent place, place a support with horizontal strings side by side and tie up the main stem;
    • - , as it grows, remove the stepsons formed in the leaf axils, and tie up the growing stem, paying special attention to the floral brushes so that the ripening fruits do not break it;
    • - in the case of the formation of two stems as the second, leave the stepson above the first floral ovary.
    In order for the fruits in the upper ovaries not to grow shallow and mature, it is recommended to leave 6-7 flower brushes on a cow's heart plant and regularly remove the stepsons.
    Passover to be removed

    Fertilizing - is carried out several times per season with fertilizers with a full NPK complex. At the same time it is recommended to feed:

    • - 1-2 times with the addition of mineral fertilizer during the flowering period of the first brushes;
    • - 1-2 times with the addition of nitrogen-potassium fertilizer during the formation and ripening of the first fruits;
    • - 1 time - with the addition of phosphorus during flowering 5-6 brushes;
    • - further in the process of ripening of the main mass of fruits - a composition with a predominance of potassium( as necessary).
    • Since tomatoes love the air in the soil, it is necessary to regularly loosen and weed the rows between rows, remove weeds, and also sluggish and drying leaves. When grown in a greenhouse to improve pollination during flowering period should arrange drafts.

    Diseases and their prevention

    Tomatoes, oxen heart, with respect to agrotechnics and crop rotation, are resistant to diseases. However, they can be affected by the following:

    • - tip rot - often occurs due to drying out of the soil and lack of calcium;
    • - late blight - occurs in conditions of high humidity, especially moisture on the leaves, thickening of plantings, abuse of nitrogen fertilizers and the addition of fresh manure.

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