Hybrid tomato plants today are very popular because they contain the best signs of different varieties and are considered almost universal. Today, a suitable variety for cultivation can be selected for any region that is distinguished by its climatic conditions. One such example is Sunrise tomato, a description of the characteristics of which you will read in this article.
Table of Contents
- Description and Characteristics of Tomato Sunrise
- Breeding History and Growing Region
- Advantages and Disadvantages of the Variety
- Planting Seeds
- Transplanting Seedlings to Open Ground
- Agricultural Cultivator
- How to get seedlings in an open ground
- Diseases and their prevention
Description and characteristics of tomato Sunrise
Variety is considered determinant, which gives early yields of vegetables of excellent quality. Bushes are short, do not exceed sixty centimeters. During growth, they need to be staved, but they do not require tying to supports.
The tomato is early ripening, it takes no more than two and a half months from the appearance of the seedlings to the beginning of the harvest. One bush with proper care brings at least five kilograms of ripe vegetables. Ripened fruits differ in a red shade, their flesh is very juicy, with a slight sourness. Tomatoes are round in shape, slightly flattened from the fruit stem. Peel is dense, not susceptible to cracking. One tomato weighs about two hundred and fifty grams on average.
Cultivation of a variety is possible not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in unprotected beds. Ripe tomatoes are consumed fresh, used to make sauces, pastes, juices, preserved.
Breeding History and Growing Region
Tomato origin is derived from Dutch breeding specialists. The high yield of the hybrid and its low demands on care were liked by gardeners from different regions. Especially liked the variety of residents of Ukraine.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
. Among the main advantages are the following features:
- high plant yield;
- no need to install supports to perform the garter;
- excellent resistance to many diseases most commonly found in solanaceous plants;
- short ripening period;
- compact bush;
- when grown in greenhouse conditions, it is possible to harvest during the whole year;
- ripe fruits are well transported.
For all the positive signs there is only one negative point - the taste of tomatoes is average, it is best to use them in canned food.
Bush. Planting Seeds
The growing season depends on the season and is nine weeks for the winter season and six and five for spring and summer respectively. Sowing is carried out in boxes or cassettes filled with peat mixture with the addition of vermiculite.
Landing is carried out at a depth of one centimeter in a moistened soil.
Planting is completed by irrigation, the containers are placed in a warm place for germination.
Watering sprouts should be done in small droplets using warm water. Dive seedlings can be carried out in a couple of weeks, when the sprout forms one true leaf. When transplanting, it is recommended to pinch the main root so that the seedling starts to form lateral branches. After picking, the seedlings are placed on a well-lit window sill.
Transplant seedlings in open ground
can do this when the seedlings become consistent with a number of features. For example, up to ten leaves will already be formed under the lower tassel. As a rule, this work falls on the middle of May.
Garden beds are prepared in advance, dug up, weed vegetation is removed. Bushes are seated according to the scheme "fifty-fifty" centimeters.
At first, seedlings need to be protected at night by covering materials.
Agrotechnology of growing
The plant doesn’t need special care, it can freely manage with usual measures for many tomatoes - weeding, watering, loosening the topsoil layer, adding supplementary feed formulations.
Watering for the entire period of growth is performed in the amount of five to ten times, here everything depends on the climate conditions. Water consumption should be at least thirty liters per square meter of land. Some gardeners started using drip irrigation systems for this — both convenient and quite economical.
Potassium nitrate is used as the main fertilizer composition. Most of it should be made during fruit ripening. In addition, the plant will need phosphorus compounds.
How to get seeds for next year?
Some gardeners pick them from the most ripe tomatoes, dry and preserve them for upcoming planting. But you can buy material for planting in a specialty store. Before sowing, they should only be soaked in salt water and removed to the surface.
Diseases and their prevention
Grades Sunrise is good for being able to withstand many of the diseases that tomato plants are prone to. But if at the early stage of the growing season they are treated with special compounds, then you can create a reliable defense against such troubles.
Parasites that can damage tomato:
- Colorado potato beetle;
Special chemicals that can be purchased in stores will help you to cope with such unwanted guests.
A plant is considered an excellent candidate for cultivating it in a garden or in a greenhouse. All gardeners speak about him quite well, because the fruits of the tomato are really attractive in appearance, the bushes are high-yielding and at the same time rather compact. Taking into account the fact that mature vegetables tolerate long-term transportation, they are recommended to be grown for commercial purposes.