Pumping station for a private house: how to choose + rating

Remember how much time, effort, and sometimes nerves are taken away by the banal provision of suburban property with water. Try to transfer a considerable amount manually to the points of water intake and not get tired. And if you still need to fill the capacity for watering the garden / garden, swimming pool and tanks in the bath, then it is easier to completely abandon the venture than to implement it. True?

It is quite another thing if, instead of you, such a laborious process is carried out by pumping equipment. The tireless "workers" extremely quickly provide all objects with water. Therefore, a pumping station for a house or an adored dacha is simply necessary. And how to choose it, we will describe in detail in the next article.

The information we have offered in the finest detail covers the nuances of the device and the principle of operation of the system. Presented to your attention the selection criteria of the unit and the most popular models. The information we offered is supported by useful schemes, photos and videos.

The content of the article:

  • Choosing the best option for water supply
  • The principle of the pumping station
  • Model selection by specific characteristics
    • Calculation of pump performance
    • Maximum water intake depth
    • Volume of hydroaccumulator tank
    • System water pressure
    • Power and voltage
    • Unit type and functionality
  • Overview of popular models
    • Model # 1 - Caliber SVD-850P
    • Model # 2 - PATRIOT R 1200/24 ​​INOX
    • Model # 3 - Bison ZNAS-1200-S
    • Model # 4 - Jilex Jumbo 50/28 H-18
    • Model # 5 - Karcher BPP 4000/48
    • Model # 6 - Marina-Speroni CAM 198/60
  • Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Choosing the best option for water supply

Own source on a country site can fully provide water for a residential building, a local area, a vegetable garden, a garden.

To create an uninterrupted, well-functioning water supply system, it is necessary to consider the process of supply, that is, choose a pumping station for pumping fluid from the source to the house or to other points of water intake and pave the communication.

There are three common methods of water transfer devices:

  • pumping with a pump directly to the consumer;
  • use of storage tank and pump;
  • application hydroaccumulator and pump.

The pump connection scheme is considered the simplest, since water is supplied directly from the well to the place of use - a kitchen faucet, a watering hose, etc.

When choosing equipment for connection, it is necessary to carefully study its technical characteristics and ensure the availability of a power source. Frequent switching on (if automation is foreseen, then each time the valve is opened) leads to the fact that the pump quickly fails.

Watering with a pump

An example of the installation of a surface pump, which is used for watering lawns, flower beds, beds. An average power model is enough to provide garden water supply.

A pump without additional equipment is good for small dacha plots that visit in the warm season or occasionally visit, for example, on weekends.

The second option is characterized by the presence of a storage tank - a tank installed in the upper part of the building (most often in the attic).

The advantage of this design is the supply of water, equal to the volume of the tank. Even during power outages, you can freely wash dishes or take a shower.

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Pump - the main unit of the pumping station

The basis of all types of pumping stations is a surface pump, including a motor with a flange and a pumping part.

Complex equipment in the pumping station

The surface pump, supplemented by automatic devices for controlling the water supply system in terms of pressure, goes into the category of pumping stations

Pressure switch with pressure gauge in the system

The pressure gauge is used to monitor and record the pressure in the system, the relay reacts to changes in it and gives commands to start and stop the pump

Accumulators in the pumping station configuration

Accumulators serve to form a water reserve, prevent the impact of water hammer on the system and reduce the number of inclusions that reduce the working life

Pump - the main unit of the pumping station

Pump - the main unit of the pumping station

Complex equipment in the pumping station

Complex equipment in the pumping station

Pressure switch with pressure gauge in the system

Pressure switch with pressure gauge in the system

Accumulators in the pumping station configuration

Accumulators in the pumping station configuration

Cons of this design:

  • a necessary condition is the presence of a warmed attic sufficient to install the tank area;
  • the large size of the tank is important, so you have to reinforce the overlap;
  • in case of an accident should produce high-quality waterproofing.

Sometimes additional costs are required to purchase a second pump. It is necessary to maintain certain pressure parameters.

The more mechanisms, the more complex the system and the higher the probability of failures during operation.

Comparative water supply scheme

Comparative diagram of two options for water supply at home: 1 - with a submersible pump and a storage tank, 2 - with a pumping station that supplies water from a well

The third option is the most acceptable for those who constantly live outside the city and want to improve their home to the maximum.

The accumulator provides the building and other objects of consumption with the necessary amount of water, creating the necessary pressure. In addition, two of the most important principles for technology are being observed - cost effectiveness and high performance.

The principle of the pumping station

The pumping station can be purchased in finished form or independently assembled from its component parts: a hydraulic accumulator tank, (submersible pump[/ link_webnavoz] or surface type pump), pressure switch and automatic adjustment unit.

Experts recommend to stay at the finished pumping station, in which all the elements are ideally suited to each other in terms of technical characteristics, material and size.

[caption id = "attachment_8364" align = "alignnone" width = "430"]Installation scheme of the pumping station Approximate diagram of the installation of the pumping station with the designation of all the necessary parts (including pipes and fittings) and an indication of the installation location of the equipment - in the basement [/ caption]

Submersible pump with filter and [link_webnavoz]check valve can be replaced by a surface model - both options have their advantages.

The filter is necessary to protect communications from sand, lying on the bottom, and suspended impurities, a check valve prevents water from flowing out in the opposite direction when the unit automatically turns off.

Shutdown occurs at the signal of the pressure switch, which is triggered when the pressure reaches the maximum mark. As soon as the liquid in the hydroaccumulator tank becomes less, the pressure stabilizes, the mechanism turns on again and starts pumping water.

The station requires a power supply of 220 V. The cross-section of pipes must be selected so that water moves freely through the channels connecting the pumping equipment and consumption points.

Powerful equipment is able to provide water for a building in which a family of 5-6 people lives, and water break points outside the house (in the garage, in the summer kitchen, in the garden or garden).

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A photo of

Use in transporting water within the home

Pump stations are used in the organization of autonomous water supply of country houses

Applications in the systems of water supply

Active operation of pumping stations takes place at the dacha plots, where they solve a lot of everyday problems.

Filling fire and garden tanks

With the help of pumping stations, a stock of water is pumped for use in irrigation and to carry out fire prevention measures.

Territory cleaning and car washing

With the help of pumping stations, tanks are filled, the water from which is used for cleaning the territory, and is supplied to the equipment for car washing

Use as a booster pump in water supply

Pumping stations are installed as upgrading equipment designed to generate normal pressure in an autonomous water supply system with insufficient pressure.

The manual assembly of the pumping station

You can assemble the pump station yourself, picking up a set of equipment with the required characteristics

Installing the pump-machine separately from the hydraulic tank

In the diagram of the pumping station it is not necessary to place the accumulator next to the pump

Separate location of hydraulic tank and relay

In self-arranged water supply, it is important to install the accumulator next to the relay so that the error due to passage through the pipes is minimal.

Use in transporting water within the home

Use in transporting water within the home

Applications in the systems of water supply

Applications in the systems of water supply

Filling fire and garden tanks

Filling fire and garden tanks

Territory cleaning and car washing

Territory cleaning and car washing

Use as a booster pump in water supply

Use as a booster pump in water supply

The manual assembly of the pumping station

The manual assembly of the pumping station

Installing the pump-machine separately from the hydraulic tank

Installing the pump-machine separately from the hydraulic tank

Separate location of hydraulic tank and relay

Separate location of hydraulic tank and relay

Model selection by specific characteristics

A variety of models on the market due to the fact that the conditions for connection may be completely different: one needs an option well pumping station (with a surface pump installed in the caisson), others need a submersible mechanism or a more powerful model with an ejector capable of pumping water from a well from a depth of 20-25 m.

When choosing pumping equipment in the store, the properties of the samples provided must be matched with individual requirements.

Calculation of pump performance

With the calculation of performance, there are difficulties, because many do not know what to build on. In fact, for objective calculations, several factors should be considered.

For example, it is important to take into account the amount of well reduction - one-time water intake at zero flow rate, the rate of recovery of fluid volume at the source, the mode of active operation of the water supply system and others

To find out the average, enough data for 1 day. This is possible because of the full recovery of the volume of water in the well in 5-6 hours (the time when the fluid is not consumed at all).

The most loaded “peak hours” are the periods of time when there is an active use of the bathrooms or watering the backyard plot. They are the most suitable for objectivity of calculations.

Performance calculation

To calculate, it is necessary to add the parameters of all consumption points, without forgetting about the correction factor, output the unit of productivity - l / min or l / hour

Suppose a well has a flow rate of 200 liters, and a lowering volume is 50 liters. If a bath takes place (200 l each) by three family members, but we need to, In order for water to flow freely to other points of dismantling, the capacity must not be lower 300 l / h

Sometimes the calculation is made based on the amount of water consumption by all family members or by calculating the maximum water use - peak consumption.

It is assumed that at the same time all points of water pumping are involved, the average consumption of which is:

  • washbasin mixer - 0.1 l / s;
  • kitchen mixer - 0.15 m / s;
  • drain tank - 0.1 m / s;
  • shower - 0.25 l / s;
  • washing machine - 0.3 l / s.

The maximum possible capacity is considered to be 800–1000 l / h (or more), but not every well has such a supply of water and a high recovery rate.

Maximum water intake depth

To find out this parameter, it is necessary to accurately know the dimensions of the well (well) and measure the distance from the installation site of the hydroaccumulator to the source.

The height from the water surface to the pump axis, installed near the well or well, is taken as the main value. If the station is located at any distance, for example, in the basement of the house, then the horizontal section must also be kept in mind.

Diagram of the pumping station

When making calculations, you should rely on the value of not a static, but a dynamic level - the average value with regular fluid intake for 1-2 days

There is an amendment to the error due to the resistance of the pipes, non-return valve and filters. This means that it is necessary to add about 15% to the amount received.

By the way, the resistance of stainless steel pipes, which is used less and less often, is much higher than that of plastic utilities.

The vertical arrangement of pipes refers to the horizontal in a ratio of 1:10. For example, the distance to the place of installation of the hydroaccumulator is 20 m, the depth of the well to the water mirror is 8 m, therefore, equipment with a minimum depth of 8 m + 20 m is necessary: ​​10 = 10 m

Volume of hydroaccumulator tank

When choosing a pumping station for a private house, do not forget to inquire about the volume of the accumulator, as the full supply of water depends on the size of the tank. The larger the tank, the more space is occupied by the equipment and the more expensive the entire unit is assembled.

It is believed that large tanks have more rare on / off cycles, which is why their lifespan significantly increases.

Accumulator Size

Pump station Jilex Jumbo with a built-in ejector and automatic control: power - 1100 W, hydroaccumulator capacity - 24 l. Suitable for use in wells and boreholes

For a lone tenant or couple enough volume of 24-30 liters. A small container is also appropriate when the need for water supply periodically occurs, for example, on weekends.

A volume of 50 liters is an average capacity suitable for serving a group or a family of 3-5 people permanently living in a country house. For housing that brings together more than five people under its roof, you should purchase equipment with a 100-liter tank.

Capacities of less than 24 liters are not rational to buy, as they quickly wear out, respectively, have a short service life.

System water pressure

The system will be fully functional and comfortable only if there is sufficient water pressure at each point of water consumption. It means that mains pressure provides uninterrupted, correct flow.

For example, for a kitchen mixer, a pressure of 1 / 1.5 atmospheres is sufficient, which equals 10/15 m of water column. More serious equipment requires increased parameters.

Water pressure

Pump station Grundfos JPBasic2 PT with a capacity of 600 W and a maximum pressure of 42 m. The purpose is to increase the pressure in household systems, watering summer cottages or a garden

The value of water pressure can be found in the instructions. Units with a maximum pressure of 45-50 m can be equally well used in country cottages, and in small enterprises.

They have an increased capacity (up to 4500 l / h) and are often equipped with an additional storage tank.

Power and voltage

Installation power and supply voltage are required for proper pump station connections. The standard power supply voltage - 220 V - is typical for most of the domestic pumping stations, since single-phase AC mains are much more common.

The voltage of 380 V is necessary for the high-performance operation of technology on an industrial scale, and in the residential sector it can be found only in high-rise buildings.

Power pumping equipment

The Parma CH-600P model is equipped with a self-priming pump and is used to supply water to the house or the backyard from a tank, pool or well. AC voltage - 220 V, power - 600 W

The power of household installations with a hydraulic accumulator is from 600 to 2000 W. It affects the choice of protection devices and power cable. If overheating, short circuit, start-up in the “dry run” mode occurs, modern models are automatically switched off.

Unit type and functionality

Models of the same manufacturer, and even more so, different brands, differ in appearance and potential.

Suppose pressure switchwhich ensures the timely shutdown of equipment, can be connected in two ways: using a flexible hose or directly to the body. The principle of action does not change this, only the external appearance is different.

More serious differences relate to the type of pump - the main working part. The most common self-priming devices that easily tolerate light water pollution and the presence of air in the pipes.

The main minus of units of this type is the limited height of the liquid from the source (from 6 to 9 m). Another small drawback is the high noise level, but it is solved by installing the pump in a separate room.

Some models are equipped with an ejector, built-in or external. Built-in allows you to increase the depth of water supply up to 15 m, while the external is able to extract liquid from a depth of 45-50 m. The disadvantage is reduced efficiency and noise.

Ejector installation

The ejector provides recirculation (looped) movement of water due to its special design - an additional submerged sleeve with a special nozzle

For wells and wells up to 10 m in depth, quieter multistage devices are used. They are more expensive and more complex construction, have a powerful pressure and a high degree of performance. The main external difference of the units of this type is the elongated shape of the working chamber, which instead of one contains several wheels.

For suburban areas with a small house and a shallow well (6-7 m) suitable vortex pumping stations. They are characterized by high pressure (which allows them to be used to increase the pressure in the system), quiet operation, cost-effectiveness, but low productivity

Overview of popular models

Choosing this or that model, you definitely pay attention to the manufacturer and try to remember how reliable its products are. This is the right approach, because the rows of the pumping station are measured over the years, and there is no point in a poor-quality purchase.

Now almost all companies engaged in the manufacture of pumping equipment, focused on consumer interest and have in the arsenal a whole set of models differing technical characteristics.

Famous domestic brands Dzhileks, Bison, Whirlwind by the number of presented lines compete with the Italians Marina, Ergus, Pedrollo.

However, the palm belongs to the German brands Gardena, Metabo, Wilo SE, Kärcher, Grundfos, which have always been distinguished by excellent quality and maximum functionality.

All brands, rooted in Russia, have adapted their equipment to local climatic conditions. Consider several popular models to make the idea of ​​pumping devices more complete.

Model # 1 - Caliber SVD-850P

The caliber SVD-850P serves to supply water from wells, pools, water intake structures with a depth of not more than 8 m.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 850 W
  • The presence of the ejector - no
  • Tank capacity - 20 l
  • Productivity - 60 l / min
  • Height of rise - 40 m

The plastic casing of the pump requires protection from UV radiation and other atmospheric aggression. In addition to standard consumers, the station can serve water heating installations, irrigation and irrigation systems, dishwashers and washing units.

Pumping station Caliber

Pumps and pumping stations of the brand Caliber are the favorite model of summer residents who are engaged in seasonal cultivation of garden and garden crops.

Model # 2 - PATRIOT R 1200/24 ​​INOX

PATRIOT R 1200/24 ​​INOX is a model for pumping clean water with a pumping part made of stainless steel.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 1200 W
  • The presence of the ejector - no
  • Tank capacity - 24 l
  • Productivity - 63 l / min
  • Lifting height - 30 m

The body, made of stainless steel, eliminates the penetration of atmospheric water. The unit can temporarily work in an open area in high humidity conditions.

For fixed installation outdoors recommended arrangement of boxing.

Pumping station Patriot

Enough powerful installation Patriot 1200/24 ​​INOX - a great option for maintenance of wells and wells located in the immediate vicinity of a residential house

Model # 3 - Bison ZNAS-1200-S

Bison ZNAS-1200-S is an automatic pumping station suitable for providing water to a small country house.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 1200 W
  • The presence of the ejector - no
  • Tank capacity - 20 l
  • Productivity - 63 l / min
  • Lifting height - 50 m

The pump unit is designed for a tenfold or more interruption and start of work per day. The model is automated, maintains the operating parameters of pressure in the system, is equipped with protection against overheating.

Pumping station Bison

The high-performance model Zubr ZNAS-1200-S is capable of lifting water to a greater height, therefore, it is often used to construct water supply systems for two-storeyed mansions.

Model # 4 - Jilex Jumbo 50/28 H-18

The Jilex Jumbo 50/28 H-18 is a high quality device made of especially durable materials.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 500 W
  • The presence of the ejector - is
  • Tank capacity - 18 l
  • Productivity - 50 l / min
  • Lifting height - 28 m

In addition to abstraction of water from underground sources, the station is able to pump water from open reservoirs. Equipped with automatic control devices, can be customized to the specific needs of homeowners.

Pump station Dzhileks

Pumping unit Jilex Jumbo 50/28 H-18 does not have high performance, but it is convenient to use and equipped with an ejector and a reliable set of automation

Model # 5 - Karcher BPP 4000/48

Karcher BPP 4000/48 is a great model for a technical water supply system.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 900 W
  • The presence of the ejector - no
  • Tank capacity - 18 l
  • Productivity - 60 l / min
  • Height of rise - 43 m

The station is designed for pumping technical, rain, spring, well water with a slight degree of pollution. It is allowed to install in boiler rooms or pavilions specially built for it.

The disadvantage of the system is the absence of a device for interrupting work in conditions of “dry running”.

Pump station karcher

The pump equipment of the Karcher brand differs in accurate appearance, ergonomics and usability. Almost all models are equipped with handles to move

Model # 6 - Marina-Speroni CAM 198/60

Marina-Speroni CAM 198/60 is a device with a powerful engine and protection against dry running.

Overview of features:

  • Power - 1600 W
  • The presence of the ejector - no
  • Tank capacity - 60 l
  • Productivity - 90 l / min
  • Lifting height - 32 m

It is used for pumping water from open and underground sources.

Fully automated, so it does not need constant participation in the process of home owners. There is a system of adjustment to the parameters of pressure required for uninterrupted supply of water.

Pumping station Marina

The powerful Marina-Speroni CAM 198/60 installation, fully automated, protected from overloads and able to work for a long time without interruption, is ideal for country water supply.

As you can see, with different models, the difference in performance, lift height and power can be significant.

We also have an article with a rating on our site. top pumping stations for giving. Please go and see which option is best for you.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Useful training video reviews will help you to better understand the purpose, technical characteristics and selection of pumping stations.

A detailed informative video about modern models from the manufacturer Aurora:

All about the technical characteristics of household pumping equipment:

If you are the owner of a private house, you will definitely need modern pumping equipment. Before buying, carefully read the technical data of the automatic pumping station and find out if it is suitable for your home.

Installation of the unit can be done independently, but only experienced professionals are able to take into account all the tricks of installation.

Do you use one of the pump models considered in the article? Please share your impressions with us!

Or do you have questions on the choice of equipment for the dacha water supply? Please ask your questions in the comments for this article.

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