When planting cabbage in open ground and is it afraid of frost

It’s hard to imagine a garden plot without a cabbage lady, which is probably as difficult as our dining table without her presence. If you know the correct timing of its planting on seedlings and planting in the ground , then it can be grown even in the Urals and in Siberia. But when planting cabbage seedlings in these areas, is it afraid of frost, and we'll talk in this review.

Table of Contents

  • Planting Cabbage in Siberia and the Uralscabbage in Siberia and the Urals.

    In the harsh climate of Siberia, cabbage is grown in seedlings so that it can mature in a short summer before the onset of Siberian cold and frost.

    The maturity is divided into early, middle and late. Naturally, the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings and planting grown up and strong seedlings in the ground is different. Sowing early cabbage seeds for seedlings should be in the spring at the beginning of April, middle and late in the second half of the month.

    Planting cabbage seeds for seedlings

    The seedlings are transplanted into the open ground at the age of 40-45 days from the moment the seedlings emerge. Early varieties are planted in the middle of May, medium and late in late May. Landings are made when the threat of possible spring temperature drops is bypassed.

    As the popular omen says, it is possible to plant cabbage in open ground; after flowering of bird cherry, there should be no return frost.

    Whether seedlings are afraid of frost, what temperature can

    withstand? This is a fairly cold-resistant culture, and it can withstand a decrease in temperature and small short-term frost. What is the minimum temperature that seedlings can withstand? Hardened seedlings tolerate short temperatures below -3 ÷ -4 ° C.

    Sprouts of cabbage in ice
    Possible frosts may indicate a decrease in evening temperature to + 1 ÷ + 2 ° C, a clear cloudless starry sky, and no wind.

    A method of sprinkling and smoking can be used to save the seedlings from low temperatures, but this is an all-night job and it is not always effective. To save seedlings, you can cover them with newspaper-made caps with wooden boxes, but much simpler, is more convenient and safer to cover plantings with a covering material with a density of 60 , under which plants are able to withstand outside temperatures down to -7 ° C.

    Greenhouses will protect cabbage seedlings from late frost.
    Hardening seedlings should begin as early as a week after diving.

    First seedlings of early varieties are planted in the open ground, the next ones in line are color, Savoy, middle and late white.

    To transplantation, seedlings with a fibrous root system and 3-5 well-developed leaves are considered ready.

    Soil preparation: what kind of fertilizer to apply

    Place for planting choose open and well lit, with loose and moisture-permeable soil. It is advisable to prepare a plot for growing vegetables in the fall. It is cleared of weeds, compost or humus and mineral fertilizers are brought under digging. Organic matter is applied at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m2, mineral fertilizers - 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska or superphosphate per 1 m2.If the use of mineral fertilizers for you is not acceptable enough to make a glass of wood ash per 1 m2.

    Well if siderats were planted on the site before digging - rye, oats, lupins, phacelia, peas. These plants improve the structure of the soil and clean it from such dangerous cabbage disease as keel.

    The plot for growing cabbage cannot be sown with mustard, as both plants belong to the cruciferous family and have common diseases and pests.

    The best for growing this crop is a weakly acidic or neutral soil, , therefore, acidic soils in the autumn need to be leached out - put slaked lime, dolomite flour or wood ash for digging. Another reason for the need to deoxidize the soil is the fight against the keel of cabbage, which rages on acidic soils.

    You can grow cabbage after cereals and legumes, tomatoes, onions, potatoes, peppers, cucumbers and beets.

    Planting scheme and methods of growing

    For each variety of culture there are different planting schemes:

    • early white and red - 30 * 50 cm;
    • middle and late - 50 * 70 cm;
    • Savoy - 70 * 30 cm;
    • color - 30-60 cm;
    • broccoli for good development of shoots - 40 * 60 cm;
    • Kohlrabi - 30 * 40 cm.

    Cabbage loves light and good ventilation, so can be followed by a more simple arrangement of plants in the row and between rows 50 * 50 , see

    You can plant it in single rows or paired.

    If you use a double row planting, , then to avoid thickening the second row it is better to plant in a staggered manner.

    When planting in single rows, cabbage is well ventilated and it is free of no neighbors who have no neighbors and no friends.

    Cabbage plantations for better use of the free area can be compacted by other crops. This plant is very good for neighbors with a shallow root system, such as parsley, legumes( they also enrich the soil with nitrogen), onions, spinach, salads, dill, carrots. Cabbage takes food from the deep layers of the earth, and no one bothers neighbors from the upper ones in such a community.

    . It is advisable to plant the seedlings in cloudy weather or in the evening. Planted strong and healthy plants, if the seedlings have even the slightest signs of the disease it is rejected. Also come with weak plants that are either not planted, or planted last in the remaining area.

    Neighbors can also be selected for ripening. So next to the bed with early cabbage can be planted tomatoes and beets. After harvesting ripened cabbage in June, the remaining plants will develop normally further.

    In order to eliminate the accumulation of “cabbage” diseases in the soil, and pests, it is desirable to annually change the area for growing crops. It can be returned to its original place after 3-4 years.

    What to put in the spring in the spring and how much

    If fertilizers were not applied to the area intended for growing cabbage in the fall, this can be done directly during planting. What to add to the hole when planting seedlings and how much?

    In the wells with a diameter of 30-40 cm and a depth of 15-20 cm should be put 1 Art.a spoonful of wood ash, according to 1 a teaspoon of urea and superphosphate, and of course to put humus, enriching and improving the structure of the soil. If on a piece of soil heavy perlite. All components of the planting well mix with the ground, pour a pink solution of potassium permanganate, or a solution of soda ash( a glass of soda in a bucket) and plant seedlings. Seedlings deepen the seedbed leaves and slightly compact the soil.

    There is no need to expend special efforts on growing cabbage, if adheres to planting dates and follows agricultural techniques. And you will be provided with this tasty and healthy vegetable all year round.

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