Modern breeders are constantly bringing out new varieties of apple trees, in addition to those that already exist and more than once tested in field conditions. In this article we will tell you about the Anis apple tree and how to get the best harvest from them.
- apple varieties Description Anise scarlet, striped and Sverdlovsk
- Features apple cultivation
- seedling planting rules
- Diseases and pests
- Powdery mildew
- Reviews growers of apples
grade Description apples Anise scarlet, striped and Sverdlovsk
ImmediatelyIt is worth noting that the variety and type are not the same. In the variety there are several different species, and between them there are certain differences, which we will discuss a little further. The original variety bred for the first time is called Anis Scarlet, and it was he who was given the first social characteristic in his time. In addition to this species, we consider Anis Sverdlovsk and Anis striped( or gray, as it is also called by the people).
Anise Scarlet is considered the most common type of apples among aniseed , and even among apple varieties, in principle, is well recognized by its dark red fruit.
The variety perfectly withstands transportation over long distances and can grow even at fairly low temperatures. But the fruits themselves are stored no more than two months - and this is under good conditions. So that experienced gardeners recommend immediately let them on the workpiece or eat, until the apples finally lose their taste and useful properties.
Harvesting takes place at different times for each variety. Scarlet Anis ripens at the very end of summer, Sverdlovsk only by mid-September, and Stripy is better left to ripen until the end of September and the beginning of October. For transporting the last two varieties are much better suited than Scarlet Anis - they can be kept in boxes for several months, most importantly, to maintain an optimum temperature of about zero degrees Celsius. Moisture drops and lack of ventilation are highly discouraged.
Features of growing an apple
The first thing you need to do before planting is to choose a fairly light area. In the shade, a sapling, at best, will become somewhat frail and will develop much more slowly than expected, and at worst, it will wither and not bear fruit.
A sapling must stay warm for at least a month to settle down and take root , therefore, it should be planted no later than a month before the first cold weather. Consider the particularities of the region so that early frosts do not destroy seedlings.
The first few years will not bear fruit, so the gardener can only look after him, removing too long roots, shoots and forming a crown.
In spite of quite serious unpretentiousness to the soil in general, gardeners note that the best crop is obtained in areas with the following types of soil:
- sandy loam;
Ideal soil for planting anise of any kind should be airtight, moisture-intensive and fertile.
The rules for planting seedlings
You don’t need to prepare a hole for planting: the tree takes root in the soil without special preparation. Many gardeners pry it directly during planting. The only thing: , before leaving the sapling, it is necessary to drive a strong peg into the ground and bind the trunk to it.
A tree does not tolerate drought, so if summer is completely rainless, it is better to water the tree several times in a season to bring good fruit. After watering, the soil around the tree is necessarily loosened. Every time the gardener sees a defect on the trunk or branch, he must remove it and, at the first opportunity, treat the cut with a garden pitch.
Before the onset of serious frosts, special preparation is made for the winter. Fallen leaves are transported away from the tree, the trunk is whitened to disinfect the bark of ( reduces the chance of being hit by diseases and pests), if there was such a problem, the trunks are tied up and protected from rodents.
In the spring, when the snow is just starting to fall, a small snowdrift is folded around the tree, and then it is trampled down to retain enough moisture for the awakening tree.
Spring whitewashing is not carried out immediately, waiting until all the moisture from the trampled snowdrift is absorbed into the ground, and it dries out completely. During the spring whitewash try to inspect the branches: if they are damaged by wind and frost, they must be cut off. The binding imposed in the autumn is removed completely, around the trunk a little loosen the earth and bring in fertilizer there.
Diseases and pests
The apple tree is prone to most common diseases, but breeders have learned to fight some of them. At present, scab and powdery mildew pose the greatest danger to the crop. If we talk about pests, the is the most devastating consequences of the raid of aphids, seed moths and moths.
Externally, the scab appears very quickly: the leaves are covered with olive-green spots, which eventually begin to turn black and crack, and then completely break. Spots cover almost the entire tree, and at the final stages the bark swells and bursts. The disease can begin if there is high humidity in the area for a long time - or if the gardener has started the crowns and they have become too thick.
Fungicides are used for treatment( after having familiarized themselves with several manufacturers and deciding what exactly suits you), and before that they take preventive measures aimed at improving the condition of the tree( burning dry fruits and leaves, cutting the crown, and processing 5% copper sulfate).
Appearance corresponds to the name - the leaves of the apple tree seem to be covered with a thin coating. For treatment, it is necessary to get rid of the foci of infection( it is enough to cut off the affected leaves if there are not too many of them), replace part of the soil around the plant and water and spray it with special preparations.
Gardeners about apples
Eugene: The taste is quite average, so you should think a few times before buying seedlings. Jam and other preparations go well, but my family didn’t like the taste just like that. Acquaintances from Siberia, on the contrary, praise: with their frosts, the apple trees do not always survive, and here a winter-hardy variant, in which the fruits lie well, that's good. You can try, but if the area is wet and there is no frost, I don’t see much of a sense.
Ekaterina: A very hardy tree, no matter what anyone says. I had to take care of him for a long time, some hooligans chopped up the center conductor, after the winter he never recovered, but instead four branches grew. She chose one, the strongest, she quite successfully replaced the central conductor. Vertical branches, which grew due to the lost central conductor, tied a little to grow horizontally. Now a great apple tree, almost indistinguishable from other trees in the garden.
Mikhail: In many descriptions, Anis Scarlet is a summer variety, but I would say that it is closer to autumn, as I always pick apples at the very end of August - early September. Fruits are smaller than Striped( there are both apple trees, I could compare).It is believed that you can eat right from the tree, but I would recommend to roll a little in the shade to reach the condition. In the refrigerator or basement, they lie down freely for a couple of months, keeping both there and there, as a result, only the flesh has softened a little, and nothing else has changed.
Nikolay: I needed apples only for cider, so I did not pay attention to the original taste qualities. Went through several varieties of friends, as a result of the site planted only three trees, one of which is just striped anise. Cider turns out good, take care, in principle, not so difficult. The only minus - the juice is really small, if it goes, then it is necessary to puree, you have to additionally filter to get the result.
Apples are quite good, with a bright taste and not too long shelf life. To the best of whimsical, from the disease with proper care they heal quickly.
Reviews get mixed, more biased towards positive. Good for preparing preparations for the winter( jam, compotes, etc.) and food. An option for gardeners who have an idea how to care for average plants and trees.